Roofing is more difficult than landscaping

Terrace wood: comparison of the most popular types of wood

Terrace wood needs to be chosen well. Because decking boards don't just have to withstand wind and weather. When you can use types of wood such as Douglas fir, larch, pine or Bangkirai particularly well for the terrace: The most popular types of wood in comparison.

Terrace wood: comparison of the most popular types of wood
Terrace wood: comparison of the most popular types of wood

Which terrace wood should it be? In addition to hardwood such as Bangkirai, Robinia and teak, softwoods such as Douglas fir, spruce, pine or Siberian larch are also used for terraces. When choosing, however, you must bear in mind that the woods each have different levels of resistance and lifespan and also differ in price. In this terrace wood comparison you will find out everything you need to know about the different types of wood to make it easier for you to choose the best wood.

Let these experts advise you:

What you need to know about patio wood

Pay attention to the durability class of terrace wood. 1 is the highest durability class, 5 the lowest. Weather resistance and resistance to fungi and insects are decisive. The dimensional stability of terrace wood is also important. Wooden floorboards expand in width. You should therefore always plan enough space for expansion joints, which works well with so-called pedestals. For decking boards up to 90 millimeters, experts recommend joints of five millimeters. You should plan up to eight millimeters for wider planks.

Hardwood as terrace wood

Hardwoods such as Bangkirai and Robinia are particularly weather-resistant. They have a particularly dense structure, which makes them heavier than conifers such as spruce or Douglas fir. They are characterized by a long service life. They also offer good dimensional stability. Hardwood decking does not warp as much. The high resilience also speaks in favor of hardwoods. However, they are not that easy to edit. And the poor ecological balance does not speak in favor of using it as terrace wood. In terms of price, you should calculate at least 50 euros per square meter for good quality. But you can also spend twice as much or more.

Bangkirai as terrace wood

  • Red to brownish color
  • Tropical wood from Asia
  • Few knot holes and resin pockets
  • For hardwoods, Bangkirai is comparatively cheap in price
  • Fresh wood is bleeding
  • Often small, fine drill holes made by fresh wood insects
  • Big differences in quality
  • Lasts up to 25 years and longer
  • Durability class: 2 to 3

Robinia as terrace wood

  • Local terrace wood
  • Particularly resilient
  • Difficult to work with
  • Very resilient
  • Color varies greatly from yellowish green to brown
  • Many profiles available, for example corrugated
  • Relatively strong warpage
  • Lifespan up to 15 years and more
  • Durability class: 1 to 2

Teak as terrace wood

  • Yellowish-brown color
  • Particularly dimensionally stable
  • Little delay
  • Teak has a low risk of splintering and cracking
  • Very good durability with 25 years and more
  • Comparatively expensive
  • Partly high quality differences in plantation wood
  • Durability class: 1

Softwood as terrace wood

Softwoods such as Douglas fir, spruce and pine are available for around 15 euros per square meter. Resilience is not very good. Weather, but also fungi and insects have an easier time here. Softwoods are also lighter and, as terrace wood, not as resilient as teak or robinia, for example. They split and tear quickly. Conifers are easier to work with and easier to paint. If you choose a softwood for your terrace, you have to expect knotholes and leaking resin. On the other hand, the ecological balance is much better here and you have more personal customization options.

Douglas fir as terrace wood

  • Pink-brownish color
  • Douglas fir is easy to work and paint
  • Douglas fir darkens from the sun
  • Does not tend to crack as much as other softwoods
  • Often with many knotholes
  • With very good care, Douglas fir can last ten years or more
  • Good price-performance ratio
  • Durability class: 3 to 4

Pine as terrace wood

  • Yellowish color
  • Cheap price
  • Pine can be used very well as terrace wood
  • Comparatively soft
  • Less dimensionally stable
  • Often many knotholes
  • In the case of pine wood, you have to expect resin galls
  • Short lifespan averaging around five years
  • In need of good care
  • Durability class: 3 to 4

Spruce as terrace wood

  • Yellowish-brown color
  • Low resistance
  • Impregnation required
  • Spruce resists strongly
  • Spruce tends to splinter and is not very barefoot-friendly
  • Low lifespan of around five years with good care
  • Durability class: 4

Siberian larch as terrace wood

  • Yellowish color
  • Uneven grain
  • Often with many knotholes
  • Darkened by the sun
  • Comparatively cheap
  • Service life with very good care up to ten years and more
  • Durability class: 3

Thermowood as terrace wood

Domestic types of wood such as ash and pine are more resistant and durable after a special heat treatment. Thermo ash or thermo pine can then compete in many ways with tropical woods such as teak and bangkirai. However, this is also reflected in the price. You have to calculate about 50 euros per square meter. Thermo pine is a little cheaper than thermo ash. With both types of terrace wood, however, you get a good ecological alternative to tropical wood.

  • Chemical free
  • Low risk of resin leakage
  • Very hard and therefore difficult to work with
  • Thermowood tends to bleed paint in the first few months
  • Lifespan up to 30 years and more

WPC as an alternative terrace wood?

The wood-plastic compound WPC (Wood Polymer Composites) is becoming increasingly popular with us and has a wood fiber content of 50 to 90 percent. In terms of price, WPC is in the midfield at around 30 euros per square meter.

  • Natural wood look
  • Big differences in quality
  • Easy care
  • Good resistance
  • Heats up quickly
  • Splinter-free
  • WPC solid boards are good for damp, shady patio areas
  • More complex laying
  • Good durability with 15 to 25 years depending on the composition

What is the best terrace wood?

If you decide on a terrace wood, you should consider the location of the terrace as well as the use. WPC decking is ideal for damp, colder locations. If the terrace wood is heavily used or if you want to use the terrace barefoot, Robinia or Bangkirai may be a better choice. Teak and thermo wood promise a particularly long shelf life. Douglas fir and pine need good care. Spruce is particularly cheap.