How do birds have sex
How birds come together - courtship and sex with birds 2021 - Todo web media
Bird mating is a quick balancing act. Photo © Doom64 / Flickr / CC by 2.0
Spring is the breeding season for most birds, but how do birds mate? Coming together in sexual mating is important for fertilizing eggs, for raising fledglings, but intercourse is only a brief part of the promotion of birds and pairing.
The reproductive anatomy of birds
Most birds do not have the same reproductive body parts as mammals. Instead, both male and female birds have a cloaca - an opening (also known as a vent) that serves as a physical exit for their digestive, urinary, and reproductive systems.
This means that the same opening that feces and urine are excreted in is that the eggs are. During the breeding season, the cesspool swells and protrudes a little outside the body, while it becomes much less prominent during the rest of the year.
When birds are ready to reproduce, their reproductive organs - testes and ovaries - swell and produce sperm and eggs. Male birds store sperm in their cloaca until there is an opportunity to mate, and females get this sperm into their cloaca before moving to fertilize their eggs.
The courtship between a pair of birds can take much longer than the actual copulation. The behavior of courtiers can span several stages, starting with the initial claim to territory to advertising a future partner with visual and auditory representations - breathtaking plumage, spectacular flights, complicated songs or even elaborate dances. Courtship time is when a male bird shows his health and strength to convince a woman that he is her best possible companion and will help her create the strongest, healthiest chicks with the best chance of survival.
How birds have sex
Once a female bird is receptive to a mate - whether it is a new mate each breeding season or simply renews the bond with a lifelong partner - the actual mating can take place. The positions and postures birds adopt in order to mate can vary, but the most common is when the male bird is poised on top of the female.
The female can crouch or bend over to ease the male's balance. She will then slide her cock aside to expose her cesspool, and he will bend his body so that his cloaca can touch hers. The brief rubbing of cloacas can take less than a second, but the sperm is quickly transferred during this "cloacal kiss" and mating is complete. Balancing can take longer as the birds are touching each other and several "kisses" can occur within a few moments. Birds will remain aroused by their hormones for a week or more and may mate several times during this time to increase the chances of successful fertilization.
Some species of birds, especially several species of swans, geese, and ducks, do not have cloacas; instead, male birds have an actual phallus (penis) that is inserted into the female during mating; the penis is formed by an extension of the cloacal wall and in the In contrast to mammals, established by lymph instead of blood. A penis helps different species of waterfowl to mate in the water without the sperm being washed away. Some other species of birds, including cassowaries, kiwis, and ostriches, also have penises instead of cloacas, but the act of mating is still only a brief encounter.
After mating, the sperm migrates to the egg cells for fertilization.
Eggs can be laid in a few days or it may take a few months before the eggs can be laid and the nest begins to hatch.
When you see mating birds
Many bird watchers are excited to see unique bird behavior at first, then quickly become embarrassed when they notice they are watching birds that mate. Because the act of mating is so short, watching typically doesn't bother the birds, but it is important to realize that this is still a sensitive time for bird mating.
When you see mating birds, it is best to keep your distance - closer proximity can startle the birds and force them to leave, which can disrupt their recruitment or break their bond. This can also cause difficulty raising a brood or completing a successful mating if the pair splits prematurely. When severely disturbed, they may leave their carefully selected area and be forced to move to a less suitable area that may not meet all of their youngsters' needs.
After the birds have covered, they can stay nearby to nest and rear their brood. This can provide a unique opportunity for bird watchers to see a growing family of birds, but the same caution should be exercised to stay away from the nest to protect young birds. Too much attention can bother the parent animals and force them to leave the nest or the young. Drawing attention to the nest can also attract predators, and bird watchers should be very careful not to disturb nesting birds in any way.
Birds can be exhilarating to see, and it is a great reminder of the special bird watching. By understanding how birds mate, bird watchers can better understand the unique behaviors they see in the field and take steps to protect nesting birds and their young.
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