Why don't money changers accept coins?

EP1014315B1 - Money changer for coin-operated machines for accepting coins of a national currency and the euro currency - Google Patents

Money changer for coin-operated machines for accepting coins in a national currency and the euro currency Download PDF

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Publication number
EP1014315B1
EP1014315B1EP99114485AEP99114485AEP1014315B1EP 1014315 B1EP1014315 B1EP 1014315B1EP 99114485 AEP99114485 AEP 99114485AEP 99114485 AEP99114485 AEP 99114485AEP 1014315 B1EP10
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EP
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Prior art keywords
coins
Euro
currency
coin
national
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EP99114485A
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English (en)
French (fr)
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EP1014315A1 (de
Inventor
Klaus Meyer-Steffens
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National Rejectors Inc GmbH
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National Rejectors Inc GmbH
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Priority to DE19857500Aprioritypatent / DE19857500C1 / de
Application filed by National Rejectors Inc GmbHfiledCriticalNational Rejectors Inc GmbH
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Publication of EP1014315B1publicationCriticalpatent / EP1014315B1 / de
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  • 230000000875correspondingEffects0.000claimsdescription9
  • 238000011156evaluationMethods0.000claimsdescription7
  • 230000001702transmitterEffects0.000claims1
  • 238000009418renovationMethods0.000description3
  • 230000003213activatingEffects0.000description1
  • 230000006399 behaviorEffects0.000description1
  • 238000000034methodMethods0.000description1
  • 238000002360 preparation methodMethods0.000description1

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Classifications

    • G — PHYSICS
    • G07 — CHECKING DEVICES
    • G07F — COIN-FREED OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • G07F5 / 00 — Coin-actuated mechanisms; Interlocks
    • G07F5 / 24 — Coin-actuated mechanisms; Interlocks with change-giving
    • G — PHYSICS
    • G07 — CHECKING DEVICES
    • G07D - HANDLING OF COINS OR VALUABLE PAPERS, e.g. TESTING, SORTING BY DENOMINATIONS, COUNTING, DISPENSING, CHANGING OR DEPOSITING
    • G07D1 / 00 — Coin dispensers
    • G07D1 / 02 — Coin dispensers giving change
    • G — PHYSICS
    • G07 — CHECKING DEVICES
    • G07D - HANDLING OF COINS OR VALUABLE PAPERS, e.g. TESTING, SORTING BY DENOMINATIONS, COUNTING, DISPENSING, CHANGING OR DEPOSITING
    • G07D1 / 00 — Coin dispensers
    • G07D1 / 02 — Coin dispensers giving change
    • G07D1 / 04 — Coin dispensers giving change dispensing change equal to a sum deposited
    • G — PHYSICS
    • G07 — CHECKING DEVICES
    • G07D - HANDLING OF COINS OR VALUABLE PAPERS, e.g. TESTING, SORTING BY DENOMINATIONS, COUNTING, DISPENSING, CHANGING OR DEPOSITING
    • G07D2205 / 00 — Coin testing devices
    • G07D2205 / 001 — Reconfiguration of coin testing devices
    • G07D2205 / 0011 — Reconfiguration of coin testing devices by downloading test parameters, e.g. remotely

Description

The invention relates to a money changer for coin-operated machines for accepting coins in a national currency and the euro currency.
Money changers are used in many vending machines and other machines. They mostly have a number of coin tubes in which the coins are stacked. The supply takes place with the help of a sorting device which directs the coins accepted as genuine by a coin validator into the corresponding tubes. A payout device pays out coins from the tubes according to the overpaid price. The function of the changer is monitored by a microprocessor, which usually also takes over the other controls and monitoring of the functions of the coin validator. In the microprocessor z. B. the reference values ​​are stored with which the coin signals of the coin validator are compared in order to determine whether an inserted coin is genuine or not. Only real coins are either directed into one of the tubes provided for this purpose or into the cash register and lead to a comparison with the price for a product or service preset in the microprocessor. After reaching the specified price or a price above that, a signal can then be given to the machine to issue goods, tickets or the like. As already mentioned, the overpaid amount will be repaid from the tubes. This is done with the help of a suitable payout device. The payout control block provided for this is coupled with sensors which provide information about the condition of the coin tubes. An empty level sensor reports when the tube is empty or only contains a minimum number of coins. There is then no longer any output from this tube. A full sensor ensures that further refilling with coins is avoided when a coin tube is full.
On January 1, 2002, the Maastricht Treaty introduced the euro as the valid currency and all vending machines had to be programmed to accept the euro. This means that the prices have to be redesigned, goods have to be exchanged if necessary and the change is exchanged in the money changer. After the key date, a dual currency period is also planned. B. DM coins are accepted by machines. According to a transitional arrangement, it should last a maximum of 6 months. However, it is intended to make this period as short as possible, e.g. B. to last only 2 months or even to limit it to a few days. After the dual currency or transition period, the machines should only accept euro coins.
The effort that the machine operators have to deal with is considerable. The device must be programmed to accept the euro by the deadline at the latest, if this has not already been done by the manufacturer beforehand. Furthermore, mechanical changes have to be carried out for the sorting device, the tubes and the payout mechanism. The size of the euro coins to be stored in tubes is partly different from the DM coins to be stored. It is therefore necessary to replace the coin tubes at least in part. The payout mechanism will also be adjusted accordingly.
DE 195 45 417 A has disclosed a money changer for coin-operated machines with the option of changing from a national currency to the euro currency. In the known device, a coin validator, four change tubes in a change container and a cash register are provided, the coin validator emitting a credit signal to a control unit for enumerating a credit. The control unit compares the enumerated credit with the prices on a price list, whereby the customer can choose in which currency he would like to see the purchase price or the amount still to be paid displayed. A first inserted coin generates a currency signal and causes an allocation to the corresponding price list of the associated currency. The customer can also enter the amount to be paid into the coin-operated machine using both currencies. For the coins that do not belong to the base currency, the control unit uses a conversion value and adds the equivalent value in the base currency to the credit. When the credit is higher than the price of the desired commodity, the control unit calculates an amount of change and outputs a control signal to the change box to dispense the overpaid amount. The program contained in the sorting control block blocks the sorting of national coins that are directed into the cash register on the due date or thereafter and enables the sorting of euro coins into specified coin tubes.
From DE 38 34 020 A a gaming machine with a money acceptance unit has become known, which can accept different currencies.
In the older, not previously published WO99 / ​​01847 A, a coin device is described which can be switched to another currency for acceptance, with different possibilities being proposed as to how acceptance and change should be handled after switching to the new currency. In addition, an automatic switchover on the due date or on another day afterwards is proposed, for example by the appearance of a first coin in the new currency or a combination of coins in the new currency.
The coin tubes can only contain coins of one currency and must be exchanged after the currency changeover.
In the previously notified, but subsequently published WO 98/58355, the idea is addressed to sort coins of different values ​​into one and the same tube. A reassignment of coin tubes as a result of a currency conversion is also mentioned.
The invention is based on the object of specifying a money changer for coin-operated machines which enables the operator to carry out all necessary modifications in a preparation period before the deadline, January 1, 2002, so that the money changer can perform its full function from the deadline, without the cost of actually changing from the national currency to the euro currency being particularly high. In particular, the aim is to have operators do away with further conversion work in addition to the renovation work during the preparation period.
This object is achieved by the features of claim 1.
The money changer according to the invention is designed so that its microprocessor either includes two currency blocks, namely one for the national currency and one for the euro, or has a controllable area in which it is determined which is the base currency into which the other currency is then to be converted is. The latter applies to those money changers in which only a single channel combination is provided for the national currency and the euro currency. Each block is equipped with a number of channels sufficient to rate coins of the national plus the euro currency. The DM block z. B. not only contains channels for all DM coins 0.10, 0.50, 1.00, 2.00 and 5.00 DM, but also for all planned euro coins, namely 0.05, 0.10, 0.20, 0.50, 1.00 and 2.00 E. In the other case, only half of the channels are present; i.e. H. only one for a national or euro coin. In any case, reference values ​​must be stored for the evaluation of all coins described, i.e. H. The money changer is theoretically able to evaluate all coins that are inserted into the money changer, whereby only one evaluation criterion is permitted for the coins at a time, i. H. Either the national or the euro currency comes into question as the base currency, so a conversion to the base currency takes place.
If a microprocessor is mentioned above and below, then every type of electronic data processing, control, monitoring, etc. is meant, such as is to be provided for the operation of a money changer in a machine.
Euro coins are currently not available for test purposes or for calibration. However, it is possible to carry out a pre-programming so that only a few programming steps are required during the actual programming, for example on the day of the renovation, in order to also save the reference values ​​for the euro coins in the two currency blocks. Such programming will be possible through premature, limited delivery of euro coins or euro tokens to authorized persons and companies before the deadline. With the help of a mechanical or electronic switch, the respective block or the controllable area in the evaluation device for activating the base currency and thus the conversion to the base currency can then be set or selected. As long as the national currency is the only valid currency, it goes without saying that the block is switched on or the area is activated in which the national currency is the base currency.
In the case of the money changer according to the invention, the prices in euro currency can also be set via the price block at the time of conversion. The coin tubes are also assigned to the euro coins. Finally, at least two tubes of a three- or four-tube money changer for accepting euro coins, in particular low-value euro coins, are installed or set. In some currencies it is possible to use coin tubes of the national currency directly for euro coins. This is e.g. B. the case with tubes for DM coins. There is only partial agreement in other currencies. The coin tubes are then rebuilt or installed in such a way that, on the one hand, national coins can be accepted, including the issuance of change in this currency, and, on the other hand, euro coins can be accepted Should be available.
From the time of conversion to the deadline, the money changer according to the invention works in the usual way and gives change in the national currency, but is already prepared for the acceptance, evaluation, sorting and dispensing of euro coins. On the key date, the day of the introduction of the euro coins, the money changer according to the invention must therefore already be available for accepting euro coins. However, this does not necessarily mean that a money changer also has a money changing function at this point in time. In the invention, however, it is provided that the money exchange function is maintained at any point in time after the conversion time, with different handling can be provided after the deadline, whether the money changer on the basis of national currency or the euro basis exercises its change function, as long as the machine is not yet blocked for the acceptance of coins in national currency on a second due date.
As already mentioned, after the deadline, euro coins are sorted into the designated coin tubes, which, however, still contain coins of national currency. In the device according to the invention, the number of coins present in the tubes is counted and their value is stored in the microprocessor on the set day or at the time of switchover. Further coins of national currency are then no longer stored in the coin tubes, since the sorting device is blocked for the acceptance or sorting of national coins in the coin tubes via the sorting control block. These go straight to the cash register. The money changer therefore continues to work with the change function, whereby initially - as long as the national coins are still stored - change can still be paid out on the basis of the national currency, either in the form of national or - if the former is no longer available - euro coins. This process can be continued until a switchover to the euro basis takes place. This changeover means that all functions of the money changer, i.e. the display including prices, evaluation of the inserted coins, issuing of change, etc. only take place on a euro basis.
On the due date, the sorting of national coins into the coin tubes will be blocked, but they will still be accepted at the till. The current tube count is registered. After this point in time, euro coins, if available, can be sorted into the corresponding tubes so that a double currency is temporarily stored in the tubes. The newly added euro coins can be counted with a separate tube counter and their number saved in the microprocessor. However, a second tube counter can be dispensed with if the old and new currency have approximately the same currency values ​​depending on the exchange rate or if a tube that has been paid for in national currency is automatically filled with the corresponding euro coin after it is empty. A tube that has been reported as empty (empty sensor) can be automatically filled with the specified euro coins at any time after the due date. This has the advantage that, under certain circumstances, coin jams in the payout mechanism can be avoided with mixed filling.
It is conceivable to have the relevant switchover carried out in the machine on the key date (January 1, 2002) with the help of an operator. However, if there are a large number of machines in one day, this is hardly feasible, or at least very expensive.
It is therefore preferable if the corresponding function changes in the machine take place automatically, either controlled by a timer or a date generator that generates a corresponding switchover signal on the set day. Alternatively, with the help of an event, e.g.is defined by the first appearance of a euro coin or the first appearance of a plurality of euro coins or a specific combination of euro coins generates a switching signal. In the latter case, the change in function to be made on the key date does not take place at an exact point in time, but rather depending on the event.
With the changeover to euro basis in the currency block, all audit data are automatically stored permanently in a separate memory area or in the existing memory area of ​​the microprocessor after they have been converted to euro basis. Rounding errors or conversion differences can be stored in a separate memory. As is well known, audit data are understood to mean those that provide information about the acceptance and payment behavior of a machine, such as B. Information about individual sales transactions with reference to inserted and paid back coins, sales information, etc. They are usually read from the machine from time to time by an operator.
The invention has the great advantage that the money changer has a smooth transition from the national to the euro currency and the money changer does not have to stop his money changing function at any point in time. The only peculiarity for customers of machines is that they can receive change in euros during the transition period before the changeover but after the key date, which is converted into national currency, and after the changeover time they can receive national coins that are converted into euro currency. If this is to be regarded as a disadvantage at all, it would be considered to be far more minor than the temporary blocking of any currency exchange function.
As already mentioned, the changeover time can be justified by the empty level of all coin tubes for national coins or by a specified fill level in the tubes. Therefore, the time of the switchover cannot be clearly determined.
Two examples of the operation of the money changer according to the invention are given below, namely for Germany and bringing about the switching time by emptying the tube for the lowest value DM coin and a corresponding example for Spain.
Repayment error of 1 pts is deleted.
The example for Germany shows that the DM tubes can also be used for Euro tubes. It is therefore not necessary to convert the coin tubes before the cut-off date. On the key date, the DM stock is registered and saved in the coin tubes. The change function can therefore be continued by paying out DM coins. At a changeover point at which the DM tubes for 0.10 DM are empty, the changeover takes place on the basis of euros. H. all remaining DM coins stored in the coin tubes are converted on a euro basis. However, the tubes can already be filled with euro coins. For example, there are fifteen and sixty euro coins in the tubes for storing 0.20 and 0.50 euros.
As long as the changer is still performing his change function on a DM basis, he can either pay back in DM coins only or in mixed form before the changeover time, i.e. H. also with euro coins. After the switchover time, the same can be the case, but the DM coins are converted to euros.
The example for Spain is similar, but at the time of the renovation a new coin tube to 0.05 euros is installed, so the change function is slightly restricted in the time between the renovation and the key date. Before and after the changeover time, change will be returned on a peseta or euro basis.
The attached drawing shows a first tube with an exemplary fill level on the reporting date. A tube counter for DM coins and a tube counter for euro coins are provided in the microprocessor. In the tube there are z. B. thirty-three 1 DM coins. Above is a free area that is suitable for accepting 0.5 euro coins. The value of the euro tube counter is therefore zero.
After the deadline, euro coins can be stored, and on the changeover day there is a stand of twelve DM coins and thirty-five 0.5 euro coins in the tube.
In the example shown, a second tube counter, i.e. H. a euro tube counter can be dispensed with because 0.5 euro corresponds to approximately 1.00 DM. The situation is different, however, if such a smooth conversion is not possible.
It can also be seen from the example that on the set date the old currency is still available as change and new euro change can already be stocked with the appropriate sorting.
Finally, the attached drawing sheet shows a time axis on which the various times of the changeover of a money changer are indicated as well as the base currency in the phases between the times. The second deadline marks the end of the transition period, after which the acceptance of national coins is blocked. The corresponding signal can e.g. B. generated by a timer, similar to the 1st set day.

Claims (6)

  1. Money changer for coin-operated machines for accepting coins from a national currency and the euro currency, the money changer having the following features:
    a sorting device downstream of a coin validator,
    three or four coin tubes for holding coins of different denominations,
    a payout device for dispensing coins from the coin tubes,
    at least one microprocessor, the one
    Has evaluation device for the coin signals coming from the coin validator and corresponding to the coins,
    a sorting control block for controlling the sorting device, which directs coins of a given value into given tubes and remaining coins into a cash register, the program contained in the sorting control block being designed such that the sorting device directs the national coins into the cash register and the sorting on the due date or thereafter releases euro coins into at least two coin tubes,
    if necessary, a price block in which the value of the inserted coins is compared with a preset price,
    a payout control block that controls the payout device to dispense the coins from the coin tubes when the value of the inserted coins exceeds the preset price,
    optionally a display control block for controlling a display for the amount of coins inserted, wherein
    the evaluation device for the national currency and the euro coin signals is programmed or programmable and, depending on the selected currency (base currency), carries out a conversion or evaluation from the unselected currency to the selected one,
    a selector switch for the optional activation of the national currency or the euro currency in the evaluation device or a controllable area for activation of the base currency in the evaluation device, and
    a tube counter for registering the sorted coins per tube,
    characterized in that at least two coin tubes are designed in such a way that coins of the national currency and euro coins can be stored and
    the number of coins in the coin tubes is counted and stored by means of a tube counter in the microprocessor, with the sorting being switched on or afterwards manually or by a time or date transmitter or by means that register an event, e.g. the first appearance a euro coin, the appearance of a plurality of euro coins or a certain combination of euro coins.
  2. Money changer according to claim 1, characterized in that the program in the microprocessor is designed in such a way that the selector switch is automatically switched from the weighting block for the national currency to the euro block or the euro base during the due date or afterwards (changeover day) if a coin tube for a national coin has a specified value Minimum level or is empty or a coin tube of national coins intended for one euro coin is empty.
  3. Money changer according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the program in the microprocessor is designed in such a way that with the switchover on the switchover day the remaining stock of national coins in the coin tube is converted into euros in the microprocessor, with the national coins continuing to be paid out as change on a euro basis.
  4. Money changer according to one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the program in the microprocessor is designed so that after the due date and before the changeover on the changeover day, euro coins stored in coin tubes are converted to national currency basis and paid out as change.
  5. Money changer according to one of claims 2 to 4, characterized in that the microprocessor has a separate memory area for the automatic permanent storage of all audit data when switching over on the day of the changeover or the audit data converted on a euro basis is stored in the existing memory area of ​​the microprocessor.
  6. Money changer according to one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that a second tube counter is provided in the microprocessor.
EP99114485A1998-12-141999-07-23 Money changer for coin-operated machines for accepting coins of a national currency and the euro currency Expired - LifetimeEP1014315B1 (de)

Priority Applications (2)

Application NumberPriority DateFiling dateTitle
DE198575001998-12-14
DE19857500ADE19857500C1 (de) 1998-12-141998-12-14Method for converting a money changer for coin-operated machines from a national to the euro currency

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application NumberPriority DateFiling dateTitle
EP00113747AEP1037177B1 (de) 1998-12-141999-07-23Money changer for coin-operated machines for the transition from a national to a euro currency

Related Child Applications (1)

Application NumberTitlePriority DateFiling date
EP00113747.0 Division-Into2000-06-29

Publications (2)

ID = 7890952

Family Applications (2)

Application NumberTitlePriority DateFiling date
EP00113747AExpired - LifetimeEP1037177B1 (de) 1998-12-141999-07-23Money changer for coin-operated machines for the transition from a national to a euro currency
EP99114485AExpired - LifetimeEP1014315B1 (de) 1998-12-141999-07-23Money changer for coin-operated machines for accepting coins of a national currency and the euro currency

Family Applications Before (1)

Application NumberTitlePriority DateFiling date
EP00113747AExpired - LifetimeEP1037177B1 (de) 1998-12-141999-07-23Money changer for coin-operated machines for the transition from a national to a euro currency

Country Status (5)

Family Cites Families (9)

Publication numberPriority datePublication dateAssigneeTitle
GB2144567A (en) *1983-08-021985-03-06Maygay Machine LimitedGaming machines
DE3513957C2 (de) *1985-04-181990-04-12Standard Elektrik Lorenz Ag, 7000 Stuttgart, De
US4682288A (en) *1986-08-211987-07-21Brandt, Inc.Electronic control for totaling denominations of several countries
DE3834020A1 (de) *1987-12-171989-06-29Bergmann & Co ThCoin operated gaming machine and procedure for sorting and dispensing the coins contained therein as well as the arrangement for carrying out the procedure
AT198946T (de) *1994-09-162001-02-15Mars IncProcess and device for automatic transactions using multiple currencies
DE19545417C2 (de) *1995-12-062001-08-16Nat Rejectors Ltd.Vending machine for accepting coins of different currencies
GB2309570B (en) *1996-01-251999-12-08Jan Robert CoyleSelective coin and game slot machine
DE19624796A1 (de) *1996-06-211998-01-02Bally Wulff Automaten GmbHProcedure and arrangement for revaluing money in different currencies
GB2326963B (en) *1997-07-022000-08-16Mars IncMethod of operating a money-handling mechanism

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