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Home Health Aide Job Description: Salary, Skills, and More 2021 - Career Planning

A home helper looks after people with disabilities, chronic illnesses, cognitive impairments, or age-related problems who feel the need or desire to still live in their own home.

Home health care provides basic services, including administering medication, changing bandages, and checking vital signs such as temperature, pulse, and breathing rate.

Although a home health helper works independently, he or she is monitored by a doctor, who is usually a trained nurse. Be careful not to confuse home health workers with personal carers who do not provide medical care.

Home Health Aide Duties and Responsibilities

Find out more about the tasks you can expect if you choose this career:

  • Help clients get dressed, dressed and undressed
  • Offer and support personal services such as bathing and cleaning
  • Accompany customers to their doctor visits
  • Supervise the administration of prescribed drugs to customers
  • Assisting clients who are unable to do their daily homework in their home
  • Follow a set customer care plan and report on completed tasks after each visit

Home Health Aide Salary

A home carer's salary varies based on experience level, geographic location, and other factors:

  • Average Annual Salary: $ 23,210 ($ 11.16 / hour)
  • Top 10% Annual Salary: Greater than $ 31,260 ($ 15.03 / hour)
  • Under 10% annual salary: Less than $ 18,450 ($ 8.87 / hour)

Education, training and certification

Applicants receive on-the-job training and do not need to meet any specific training requirements, although the profession does require some training:

  • Education: While you don't need a high school diploma to become a home helper, most of the people who work in this field have one. Since these are the applicants you will be competing with, it makes sense for you to stay in school.
  • Training: Home health aides are trained by registered nurses, licensed practical nurses, or experienced on-the-job aides. In some states, everyone in the profession must receive formal training offered by vocational schools, community colleges, and home care facilities.
  • Evaluation: Home health workers who work for agencies that receive Medicare or Medicaid reimbursements are required to complete a federally recognized training program and proficiency assessment under U.S. law (Centers for Medicare and Medicaid. Home Health Agencies: State Operations Guide PDF). Some states have stricter requirements for agencies that reimburse Medicare and Medicaid. In addition, multiple states approve, certify, or register health workers. Information on the requirements in the individual federal states can be found in the Licensed Occupation Tool on CareerOneStop.

Home Health Aide Skills and Competencies

In addition to practical training, home health workers must have other "soft skills" that can help them in their professional activities:

  • Interpersonal skillsIn addition to excellent listening and verbal communication skills, you must be able to connect with your patients and their families personally. It is important to gain their trust so that you can feel safe and comfortable.
  • Time Management Skills: You have many tasks to complete during your shift. The ability to prioritize them will help you get it all done.
  • Detail oriented: Healthcare workers need to keep track of many things, such as medication, vital signs, and appointments. The ability to pay attention to details is essential.
  • Physical endurance: You need to take customers off the ground and do other tasks that require strength.

Job outlook

The US Bureau of Labor Statistics has called this a "bright outlook" because of its excellent employment outlook. The prospects for home health care over the next decade compared to other occupations and industries are very good, driven by the aging baby boomers and demand for home health services.

Employment is expected to grow by about 47 percent over the next decade. This is a much faster growth than the average for all occupations between 2016 and 2026. The growth for other home health and personal care products is expected to grow just as fast at 41 percent over the next decade.

These growth rates are compared to the expected growth of 7 percent for all occupations.

working environment

Most of the people who normally use them at home with patients are employed in health care facilities. Approximately 20 percent of people work in nursing homes, nursing homes, and facilities for development disabilities.

work schedule

Jobs are usually full-time, although some aides have part-time schedules. Patient plans often require work on weekends, evenings, and holidays. Overnight shifts and shifts are not uncommon.

How do I get the job?


Read online applications and job descriptions to learn more about the day-to-day job duties of a health worker and to assess whether you are suitable for the job.


You can go directly to the nursing homes website and apply for jobs that will be published on their websites. On job boards like, and you can also find job vacancies for private individuals.

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