Why are horses good for making glue?
Is glue made from horses? and are they killed to make it through?
My granddaughter and I recently watched our horses graze in the pasture when she turned and asked, "Why in the world would we kill horses to make glue?" I didn't know how to answer, so I did some research .
Some types of adhesives are made from horses. Because it's so big, a horse provides an abundance of collagen, the material that animal glue is made from. However, it is illegal to sell horses for killing, making glue, or for commercial purposes.,
If you've been in the horse industry, you've probably heard of horses being sent to glue factories. But is it real? Are horses killed and made into glue?
Horses and glue
Animal glue has been used for thousands of years. Horses too old or sick to work were "sent to the glue factory for final use". Very little animal glue is used today; most of the adhesives are synthetic.
How are horses made into glue?
When I stood next to one of our horses, the only thing I noticed was how massive these animals are. This realization made me wonder how people have turned them into glue throughout history.
Making adhesives from an animal is a process of breaking down chemicals and extracting moisture. The main body parts used to make glue from a horse are the skin, bones, muscles, tendons and hooves.,
To make adhesives from a horse:
- Collection: Commercial glue manufacturers collect animal parts from slaughterhouses, animal farms, meat packing plants, and tanneries;
- Washing: The retrieved parts of the body are washed, dirt is removed and everything is soaked so that pieces become soft.
- Soaking: Next, the skins and other parts are placed in a series of water baths with increasing amounts of lime. The introduction of lime causes the material to swell and collapse.,
- Rinsing: Rinse the lime from all material with water and weak acids;
- Color: Add a color additive to the mix.
- Drying: water is extracted to harden the glue.
To make adhesives from hooves or bones, you can use this process:
- Collect the hooves and wash them;
- Break them into small pieces;
- Boil them in water until liquefied;
- Add acid to thicken it into a gel;
- Cool down and let them harden;
- To use the hoof glue, heat the substance consistency and apply with a brush.,
What kind of glue are made from horses?
While I was using a glue gun to secure some decorative pieces in a shadow box, I was wondering about the different types of glue made from horses.
Animal glue is soluble in water, and it's slowly binding, applied hotter, and frequently put in place with a brush. Some animal glue is held as a rigid block.
Water-soluble adhesives such as Glues such as animal based adhesives are useful for items that may need to be separated at some point. Steam or alcohol can be applied to the binder for easy separation.,
To prepare the adhesives, break them into chips and mix them with hot water until they melt. Once the chips have melted, simmer until they reach the desired consistency.
The adhesive can be applied in layers with a brush or spatula and does not provide waterproof protection. Hide glue for use on musical instruments can be found here.
Animal parts have been used in the manufacture of adhesives for millennia., Over 10,000 years ago, the first arches were made with hoof glue. The earliest writings relating to liquid animal glue are 2000 years old.
Animal glue has been a crucial component in furniture construction for thousands of years. In the 1700s, the Dutch opened the first commercial animal glue factory in Holland.
The use of animal glue to make furniture continued until the 20th
Horse glue is still used today in specialty applications such as piano repairs, bookbinding, antique restorations, and medical procedures., A paste made from horse's hooves is used today in closets and unusual woodworking projects.
Adhesives have been around since 4000 BC. Chr.
Adhesives have been around since the days of the caveman. Pottery repaired with tree sap resin was found by archaeologists using a burial site from 4000 B.C. C. examined
Egyptians used animal glue in tombs.
The Egyptians began using adhesives derived from animals in 1500 B.C. King Tuts ‘coffin was made with animal glue. Egyptians also developed casein glue made from milk.,
Early writings explained how adhesives were used on Egyptian pharaohs burial furniture. In addition to being used on burial furniture, our ancestors also used them on bowstrings to attach fabric to wood, stiffen the material, and make varnishes to protect valuable furniture and other items.
Romans used animal glue in Art.
Romans refined animal adhesives from about AD 1-500. They learned to make adhesives from blood, bones, skin, and milk., These adhesives were used in arts and wood veneering.
However, from AD 500 to AD 1500, most other Europeans made little use of animal glue. The first glue-producing factory was opened in Holland in 1690. The factory made its adhesives from animal hides.
The first adhesive patent was granted in England in the middle of the 17th century. The plastic development in the early 1900s heralded the resurgence of resin adhesives. With the new synthetic resins, the use of animal glue has decreased dramatically.
Horses Killed to the Glue ?,
When I first got into the equestrian industry, some owners were selling their former racehorses at auctions. I wondered if these horses were being sent to glue factories so I decided to find out.
Horses are not killed to make glue. It is against US law to sell horses to be commercially slaughtered for any purpose. In 2007, federal law banning the slaughter of horses in the United States was passed. In the same year, the last three horse slaughterhouses closed their doors.
The 2007 ban has been renewed over the years and is in effect to this day., The most recent renewal had bipartisan support from Congress and was part of President Trump's Infrastructure Act.
Before the ban was passed, the horse slaughterhouse business was booming. Although horse meat consumption is frowned upon in the US, it is consumed regularly in Europe and Asia.
The ban has supporters in the animal welfare community, but they also don't believe the law goes far enough. What they want to see is a ban on transporting horses to slaughterhouses outside the country.,
Many people are in the business of transporting horses to Mexico and Canada for slaughter. They are known as “kill buyers.” ”They go to auctions and buy horses only to sell to slaughterhouses.
The Humane Society of the United States, an animal rights organization, claims that more than 100,000 horses are bought at auction to ship the horses to slaughterhouses outside of the United States
The Safeguard American Food Exports Act, introduced in 2019, would put an end to the sale of horses to slaughterhouses., The measure proposes ending the transportation of horses abroad to be slaughtered for human consumption and would also ensure slaughterhouses remain closed in the US.
However, there are opponents of the bill with a strong argument. The American Veterinary Medical Association is concerned about what will happen to horses that are no longer wanted when horse owners cannot sell them for meat.
Horse rescues are full, hay bills have risen, and cases of horse negligence are rising., Proponents believe that a quick death in a slaughterhouse is preferable to a horse that is molested or starved.
To learn more about horse abuse check out our article here, and if you are interested in saving a retired racehorse check out our article. Both reports provide helpful resources in promoting better treatment for horses.
What products are made from horses?
Now that I know horses can be used to make glue, I became curious to see if other products were made from a horse.
Horses are used to make violin bows, jewelry and brushes., These products are made using the animal's long tail, mane and humane collection methods.
- Violin bow: Horsehair from a horse's tail is used to make strings on the bows of a violin. Horsehair makes a better sound than synthetic material. Fiddlerman Carbon Fiber Violin Bow is a horsehair violin bow with horsehair sold by Amazon.
- Jewelry: Some necklaces and bracelets are made from the hair of a horse's mane or tail.
- Brushes: Some artists prefer to use horsehair brushes rather than synthetic materials. They believe horsehair brushes have superior properties, such as holding paint better and applying smoother.
Is Elmer's glue made of horses?
So my granddaughter and I had a pretty thorough discussion about horse glue, but she still had a question about Elmer's glue. She wanted to know if she made her glue from horses. So I showed her the answer directly from Elmer. They are often asked this question:
“No, Elmer's does not glue horses or use animals or animal parts., Our products are made from synthetic materials and do not come from the processing of horses, cows or other animals. Although there are many ingredients to make glue, most formulas contain polymers. "
Is gorilla glue made from horses or gorillas?
Gorilla glue has a funny name and a picture of a gorilla on its label. Does this mean the glue is made from a gorilla, horse, or other animal? I decided to find out and not wait for my granddaughter to ask.
Gorilla Glue is not made from horses or gorillas, nor any other animal., Gorilla Glue is a polyurethane-based polyurethane glue that was mainly used in the woodworking industry outside of the US.
In 1994 it was discovered as Gorilla Glue and brought to the United States. At first they only sold their product to furniture manufacturers. It was opened to the public in 1999.
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- To see our article on gifts for the "horse lovers" in your life, click here.
- To learn more about horse abuse, click here.
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