Can pimples turn into moles

Skin mole, worms, scabies, oriental bumpsThese holiday souvenirs get under your skin

Fresh back from vacation - and it itches, burns or flakes trickle?

Then you have probably caught something on the way.

You don't even have to go to the tropics, there are also unpleasant “travel souvenirs” lurking around the Mediterranean, mostly skin diseases.

Did you know that ...

► ... henna tattoos can be really dangerous?

► ... you can get scabies from sex?

► ... walking barefoot is risky on some beaches?

The dermatologists behind the dermatology platform present seven typical holiday dermatoses and explain how to recognize them, where to get them, how to protect yourself and how to treat them.

Mallorca acne: when the sun makes you pimply

How to recognize the disease: A few hours to three days after excessive sunbathing, it occurs mainly in the shoulders and chest area itchy little pimples and pustules on. With this special form of sun allergy, the skin reacts to the sun's UV radiation - especially if it is not prepared for the sun.

How and where do you get them? Not only in Mallorca, of course! The name is misleading. Mallorca acne can occur wherever vacationers are unprepared and unprotected and expose themselves to strong sunlight for a long time.

Here's what you can do about it:

Prevention: Effective sun protection is important. Vacationers should allow their skin to slowly build up sun protection. However, it is often only the use of sunscreen that leads to an allergic reaction! Alternatively, you can avoid direct sunlight, for example through high-necked, light clothing.

Treatment: Home remedies such as cold compresses can help relieve the itching. The pimples slowly heal on their own if those affected avoid the sun.

Extra tip: Expert Prof. Dietrich Abeck, dermatologist from Munich, advises: “If you want to use sunscreen and insect repellants, you should always apply the sunscreen first and only about ten minutes later the mosquito spray. Otherwise the sun protection factor in the cream will be reduced. "

Risk of scabies in hostels and youth hostels

How to recognize the disease: The infectious scabies caused by mites manifests itself two to five weeks after transmission through the typical skin changes, namely comma-shapedMite ducts under the skin. The feces and eggs that the mites lay here cause very severe itching.

How and where do you get them? Itch mites are widespread around the world, and young travelers are particularly affected: youth hostels and hostels carry a high risk of transmission due to their high visitor numbers and frequent changes of residents. Itch mites are transmitted through direct skin contact, for example during sex, or through textiles (clothing, towels).

► Here's what you can do about it:

Prevention: The only way to protect yourself from scabies is to avoid skin contact. There is a particular risk in places where many people live in a confined space.

Treatment: The diagnosis is sometimes a bit difficult here: “Particularly good skin care can make diagnosis more difficult, even for professionals. It is therefore important to think about the possibility of the disease at an early stage, ”says the Hamburg dermatologist Prof. Hartwig Mensing. The doctor prescribes creams and tablets for those affected.

Barefoot on the beach: watch out for skin moles!

How to recognize the disease: The larva migrans (larvae of the hookworm), also called skin mole, actually occurs in animals, but occasionally gets lost on humans and shows up on the skin as "Serpentine reddening with the typical migratory paths of the larvae" says the Munich dermatologist Prof. Dietrich Abeck. Often the skin changes appear on the feet. Itching is also typical.

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How and where do you get them? The parasite is one of the most common souvenirs from tropical areas. The place of transmission are beaches that are contaminated with animal excrement in warm countries (South America, Africa, the Mediterranean region). The infection occurs when the worm eggs come into contact with the skin, for example when sitting or playing on the beach.

► Here's what you can do about it:

Prevention: Wear sturdy shoes even on the beach and it is better to sit on a beach chair than on the sand. Cover the bed with a towel beforehand.

Treatment: Doctors prescribe medication based on special anti-worm agents for patients affected by skin moles.

Persistent stitch can be an oriental bump

How to recognize the disease: If you have the feeling that you have brought a "non-healing mosquito bite" with you from your vacation, contact a dermatologist immediately! There is a risk of leishmaniasis infection (also called "oriental bump"). Several weeks after the bite, this can turn into a bluish red ulcer have transformed.

How and where do you get them? The pathogen is transmitted by the sand fly, which occurs mainly in East Africa and the tropics, and infects around one to two million people worldwide every year. But countries such as Spain, Italy and Greece are also affected by leishmaniasis.

► Here's what you can do about it:

Prevention: Protect yourself from sand flies in high-risk areas with loose, long clothing, mosquito nets and insect repellants such as DEET.

Treatment: Therapy is not necessary in all cases; the sting often heals on its own. In persistent cases, the doctor will give injections locally.

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Ringworm from contact with animals

How to recognize the disease: who ring-shaped, flaky and itchy skin changes noticed in itself, should promptly consult a doctor. These symptoms can be ringworm (tinea corporis), a serious fungal infection. The stomach, chest, back and other hairy parts of the body can be affected. In children, the head can also be affected by the lichen.

How and where do you get them? The fungus is transmitted when stray animals - especially cats and rodents - are stroked. That is why holidaymakers and children who love animals are often affected. Vacationers in Mediterranean countries and the Canary Islands are particularly at risk.

► Here's what you can do about it:

Prevention: "Since you cannot see the infestation in the animal, it is not advisable to stroke stray animals," says dermatologist Prof. Martin Mempel from Hamburg.

Treatment: Ringworm is treated - mostly externally, sometimes internally - with antifungal agents.

Extra tip: “If the infection occurs after a vacation on the farm, the carrier must be identified. This is easily possible by cultivating the pathogen in the laboratory, ”says Prof. Martin Mempel. After all, no farmer wants sick animals on his farm.

Allergic reaction to henna tattoo

How to recognize the disease: So-called henna tattoos are popular as decorative souvenirs. They usually look pretty for a few days and then gradually fade away. But the tattoos can too severe allergic reactions (Itching and inflammation two weeks after “tattooing”) - if the henna dye is harmless in itself In Germany banned substance p-phenylenediamine is added. The additive intensifies the color of the tattoo.

How and where do you get them? Temporary tattoos are mainly painted on hands, arms and other parts of the body in Turkey, Egypt, Tunisia and other oriental countries.

► Here's what you can do about it:

Prevention: Only get a tattoo if you are sure that the color does not contain p-phenylenediamine - or do without henna tattoos entirely.

Treatment: If the tattoo is itchy or inflamed, see a dermatologist. Therapy can take three to four weeks.

Lousy Times after the vacation

How to recognize the disease: Head lice infestation is by far the most common parasitosis (infection caused by parasites) in children. A typical symptom is severe itching on the scalp. Classically, the number of cases increases dramatically in September after the summer holidays, when the children see each other again at school.

How and where do you get them? The head louse is transmitted through direct hair-to-hair contact. The reproduction of lice is therefore strongly encouraged by the close and intensive play of the children.

Here's what you can do about it:

Treatment: The anti-lice products on the market tend to work well. Contact persons should urgently also be checked for lice in order to avoid re-infection.

► Extra tip: Cuddly toys, scarves and clothing can also be infested with lice and should therefore be cleaned well.

Many of the above conditions are extremely uncomfortable - all of them are treatable. As in most cases of illness, the following applies here: the earlier the countermeasure, the better the chances of recovery.

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