What are some problems Albania is facing

Children in Albania

Realizing children's rights in Albania

Albania's history is tough and brutal. Until recently, in an ongoing state of war and a fragile geopolitical situation, Albania now seems to have achieved a certain degree of stability. That stability has certainly helped improve the well-being and rights of children.

Realization of Children's Rights Index: 8,49/ 10
Yellow: pretty good location

Population: 2.97 M.
Population 0-14 years: 18,2 %

Life expectancy: 77.4 years
Child mortality: 13 ‰

Main problems that children face in Albania:

poverty

Child poverty has decreased noticeably in Albania recently. Motivated by the plan to integrate into the European Union, Albania has placed a main focus on economic development.
Yet poverty continues across the country and unemployment remains a major problem.
Many households have to cut their spending significantly, often without considering their well-being. The living conditions of some children are severely affected and some of their fundamental rights are restricted.

The right to education

The right to education is slowly becoming more important in Albania and is becoming more common. However, this has not always been the case. Until recently, educational opportunities were both rare and expensive.
In fact, during the transition to democracy, the education budget was drastically cut and teaching materials were very expensive. As a result, few children were given the chance to learn to read or access to teaching materials. Schooling is now back at the top of the country's priority list, but access is still not easy for everyone.

Child labor

In Albania, around twelve percent of children have to work to support their families.
According to reports from NGOs in Albania, this affects around 50,000 Albanian children. The majority of them work on the streets in order to earn some money with begging and migrant labor. The majority of the remaining children work in agriculture.

Freedom of expression and expression

Freedom of expression can still be a problem in Albania. As a consequence, some opinions are not always heard and sometimes it is even too dangerous to express them out loud.
Demonstrations are usually suppressed with all might; the use of force is not uncommon. As a result, the safety of individuals is at great risk and often citizens who are not involved in any way find themselves in the wrong place at the wrong time and pay for it.

Child trafficking

The problem of child trafficking, a serious crime, is one of Albania's greatest concerns.
Children who are exploited by traders are exposed to appalling living conditions. Many of them have no choice but to submit to forced labor and prostitution.
The government is slowly realizing the severity of their country's problems with the treatment of women and children. However, persecution and conviction of traffickers is rare for fear of retaliation and threats against victims.

Violence against children

Domestic violence is becoming more and more common in Albania. A growing number of complaints from women indicate an increased number of situations of domestic violence, although the majority of women affected do not file charges for fear of revenge.
Legislation is very weak in this area and in order to indict and convict the acts of violence must involve death threats or serious injuries. As a result, many incidents of domestic violence are not criminal offenses and go unpunished.

Youth law

Albania has recently made great strides in terms of detention conditions for young people.
However, the prisons are overcrowded and the prisoners' situation is extremely difficult. With unsanitary conditions, a lack of maintenance, inadequate building structures and outdated medical standards, the prisons and police stations often do not offer enough space to accommodate the young people separately from the adults. However, it is imperative that measures be taken to comply with the provisions of the International Convention on the Rights of the Child.