Eats cobras common in Thailand

Thailand

location
flag
Short dates
CapitalBangkok
Form of governmentConstitutional monarchy
currencyBaht (THB)
surface513,119.5 km²
population65.931.550 (2016)
languagesThai
ReligionsBuddhism (Theravada) 95%, Islam 4%, Christianity 0.7%, Hinduism 0.1%, other 0.2%
Electricity / plug220 V / 50 Hz, A / C
Phone code+66
Internet TLD.th
Time zoneUTC + 7 (CET + 6, CEST + 5), no daylight saving time

Thailand(Thai: ประเทศไทย, Prathet Thai, spoken: bprà-têet tai) is located in Southeast Asia. It shares borders with Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia, and Malaysia. Thailand is one of the most popular travel destinations in Asia. It is a classic travel destination for individual tourists, has offers for package and resort vacationers and is popular with Europeans who want to spend their retirement in the south. The beaches in the south attract bathers, the national parks nature lovers and the historical sites, some of which are part of the world heritage, those interested in art and history.

Regions of Thailand [edit]

Thailand is administratively divided into 76 provinces, which can be assigned to five geographical and cultural regions.

Cities [edit]

  • Bangkok - Political, economic and cultural capital of the country and world metropolis
  • Ayutthaya - historical capital with a multitude of historical buildings
  • Chiang Mai - largest city in the north and former capital of the Lanna Thai empire, starting point for trips to the mountains of the northwest
  • Chiang Rai - city in the far north, springboard for tours through the mountains of the "Golden Triangle"
  • Hat Yai - big city in the south not far from the Malaysian border
  • Hua Hin - traditional holiday destination of the Thai high society, still today with the flair of earlier heydays. The former bathing paradise is definitely worth a trip.
  • Kanchanaburi - In the west of the country. With the legendary bridge on the Kwai, this place attracts some tourists.
  • Khon Kaen - trade and traffic center as well as the secret capital of the northeast region
  • Nakhon Si Thammarat - city steeped in history in southern Thailand
  • Pattaya - formerly a small fishing village, in the 1980s the tourist boom town of Thailand; Hotel (concrete) castles and notorious nightlife.
  • Phuket - capital of the most famous holiday island, old town with interesting Sino-Portuguese architecture
  • Songkhla - pretty town in southern Thailand on a headland with a long sea beach.
  • Sukhothai - the first capital of the Thai empire, worth seeing historical park with ruins from the 13th and 14th centuries

A detailed list of the places in Thailand can be found here.

Other goals [edit]

  • Islands (Thai Ko, spoken gkɔ̀):
    • Andaman Sea:Ko Lanta, Ko Lipe, Ko Phi Phi, Phuket, Similan Islands, Ko Tarutao
    • Gulf of Thailand:Ko Chang, Ko Pha-ngan, Ko Samet, Ko Samui, Ko Tao

Suggestions for one-month travel routes to Asia can be found here.

Background [edit]

Prehistory and early history

The oldest human remains found on the soil in Thailand are between a million and 500,000 years old. Stone artifacts dating from around 40,000 years before today have been found under rock overhangs in northern and southern Thailand. Rich evidence of a first, more highly developed, Bronze Age civilization around Ban Chiang (Udon Thani Province) were dated to the 3rd millennium BC. Dated. They belong to the world cultural heritage. In the 3rd century BC The first Buddhist missionaries came from India to Southeast Asia, including what is now Thailand. In general, there was an intensive cultural exchange with the Indian subcontinent and Thai culture is still strongly influenced by Indian culture to this day. The region, which also includes today's territory of Thailand, was then owned by the Indians Suvarnabhumi ("Goldland") and was also known to the Greeks and Romans. But one shouldn't imagine a unified state or empire by this.

Dvaravati, Sukhothai, Ayutthaya [edit]

Cultural monuments from the Sukhothai period
Historical map of Siam and surrounding countries, France, 1686

From the 6th to the 11th century existed in what is now central Thailand Dvaravati - a political and cultural network of Buddhist city-states, which were presumably predominantly inhabited and ruled by the Mon people. There were similar states in north and north-east Thailand. Many very elaborate Buddha statues and wheels of law (Dharmachakras), as well as coins, have survived from this time. Southern Thailand, however, belonged to the 7th to 13th centuries Srivijaya, a kind of Buddhist "Hanseatic League" of Southeast Asia, the center of which was on Java in what is now Indonesia. From the 9th to the 13th centuries, large parts of Thailand belonged to the area of ​​influence of the Khmer Empire Angkor. Many cultural monuments have survived from this period as well, especially in northeastern Thailand (e.g. Phimai and Phanom Rung Historical Park) and in Lop Buri. But there were also repeated attempts by the provinces, far from the capital of the vast empire, to make themselves independent.

When and from where the Thai people immigrated to Thailand (or whether they may have lived here for a long time) is still a matter of dispute. Most likely the thesis that it comes from central or southern China. There are still a large number of peoples there who are related to Thai in linguistic and cultural terms (e.g. the Zhuang in the Guangxi Autonomous Region). The first documents about the presence of the Thai date from the 12th century, but this does not necessarily mean that they have not lived here much longer.

In any case, in the course of the 13th century a large number of initially smaller Thai states emerged, which in many places broke away from Angkor's supremacy. The most important of these states were Lan Na around Chiang Rai and Chiang Mai in the upper and Sukhothai in lower northern Thailand, Suphan Buri in central and Nakhon Si Thammarat in southern Thailand. Sukhothai in particular is considered to be the cradle of today's Thai culture, here the Thai script was used for the first time at the end of the 13th century and an art style of its own was developed, which can be seen in particularly beautiful and elegant Buddha statues, for example in the history parks and national museums of Sukhothai, Si Satchanalai and Kamphaeng Phet. The kingdom of Sukhothai temporarily dominated large parts of today's Thailand, but one cannot therefore assume that there was already a unified Thai state at that time, even if some history books and overviews show it that way. In fact, the strength of the "empire" was based primarily on the personal charisma of its king Ramkhamhaeng. After his death, it quickly shrank again.

In 1351, according to the chronicles, the kingdom became Ayutthaya which soon developed into the predominant political, cultural and economic center and dominated central and southern Thailand for the following centuries. In north and north-east Thailand, however, there were separate states, the idea of ​​a unified Thai nation only emerged much later - at the end of the 19th century (see the respective regional articles). From the 16th century there was brisk trade with Japan, the Persian and Arab regions and Europe. The predominantly Portuguese and Dutch traders were followed by missionaries, but their attempts to win the Thai over to Christianity were largely unsuccessful.

The Europeans named the country until 1939 Siam, the Thai, on the other hand, always spoke of Müang Thai ("Land of the Thai"). For centuries it was in rivalry with the neighboring Burma to the west (today's Myanmar), which erupted in a whole series of wars. It was not so much a question of enlarging the territory, but above all of gaining labor, which was in short supply in premodern Southeast Asia. Ayutthaya was first conquered by the Burmese in 1569 and degraded to a vassal. The charismatic and militarily gifted King Naresuan not only made it independent again within a single generation, but even led it to a high point of its power and expansion. French ambassadors who came to Siam in the time of Louis XIV in 1685/87 reported that Ayutthaya was one of the largest cities in the world at that time and that in its splendor it was in no way inferior to Paris. The remains of it can be seen today in Ayutthaya Historical Park. In 1767 Ayutthaya - which was weakened at the time by power disputes among rival aristocratic cliques - was captured for the second time by the Burmese, heavily destroyed and then finally abandoned as the capital.

Rattanakosin period

In this situation the non-aristocratic, but militarily extremely capable General Taksin became the "man of the hour". He made himself the new king, shook off the Burmese occupation in a very short time and led the Siamese area of ​​influence to an unprecedented size in numerous campaigns of conquest. Among other things, the Emerald Buddha was captured in the Lao capital Vientiane, which is one of the most important symbols of the Thai monarchy and one of the most important sights of Bangkok today. He made Thonburi to its capital, now a district of Bangkok. Taksin was overthrown again in 1782. He believed he was on his way to becoming a new Buddha and was reportedly mad. His most important minister and general Chao Phraya Chakri ascended the throne and founded the Chakri dynasty, which is still the kings of Thailand today. He moved the capital to the other side of the Chao Phraya River, after Rattanacosine, the old town of today's Bangkok.

In the course of the 19th century, all countries in Southeast Asia except Siam were colonized by European powers. Until then, Siam himself had laid claim to some of these areas and considered them to be part of its sphere of influence (Laos, Cambodia and parts of Burma and Malaysia), but gradually had to cede them to France or Great Britain. The colonial powers also exerted considerable influence on parts of Siam, imposing so-called unequal treaties on him, but it was formal never colony - a fact that Thailand is proud of to this day. In order to ward off the threat from outside, the then King Rama V completely rebuilt the state at the end of the 19th century: he created modern political institutions, modernized administration, military, tax and legal systems, brought foreign advisors into the country and expanded the infrastructure . So a modern nation emerged from a feudal empire, which now also includes the north and north-east Thais, who had previously been regarded as "Lao".

The democracy monument in Bangkok commemorates Thailand's transition from absolute to constitutional monarchy

After a bloodless coup in 1932, the absolute was replaced by a Constitutional monarchy replaced. But a real democracy could not arise. Despite lip service to popular rule, the military and civil servants actually held power in their hands. The high-handed Field Marshal Phibunsongkhram, who ruled from 1938 to 1944, had a “democracy monument” built, but oriented himself towards Hitler and Mussolini and led Thailand on the side of the Axis powers in the Second World War.

Contemporary history [edit]

King Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX) - head of state from 1946 to 2016

Mounted in 1946 King Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX) the throne. He served as king until his death in October 2016 and was the longest-serving monarch in the world at the time. He enjoys the greatest admiration of most Thais because of his influence on points in recent history and his commitment to numerous social and economic projects. A public debate about his role is prohibited, however, and even objective criticism can be punished with harsh penalties. During the Cold War, Thailand was one of the closest US ally and an important basis for their attacks in Vietnam War. This brought money into the country and contributed to an expansion of the infrastructure, especially in the northeast region. GIs deployed in Vietnam were allowed to take short vacations (rest & recreation) to Thailand from time to time. That contributed to Thailand's Development as a tourist destination but also to the growth of the sex industry.

A popular uprising in 1973 overthrew the long-term military dictatorship. However, only three years later - with reference to the communist threat - the unstable democracy was overthrown by a military coup. After 1980 there was a gradual liberalization. The economy boomed during that time, industry grew in importance, the middle class grew - Thailand became one Emerging market, which was counted among the "panther states" (successors of the tiger states). After a bloody conflict between the military-backed government and the urban middle class opposition in May 1992, a phase of relatively stable democracy followed. The 1997 liberal constitution granted extensive democratic rights. At the same time, Thailand was hit hard by the Asian economic crisis, but was able to recover relatively quickly.

In 2001, billionaire Thaksin Shinawatra, who had become rich in the telecommunications and IT industries, won the elections with a populist program. He introduced microcredit for small business owners and universal access to health care, but also showed autocratic tendencies, restricted freedom of the press and restricted opposition. He waged a bloody "war on drugs", and from 2004 the armed conflict in the southern provinces escalated. In 2006, Thaksin was overthrown in a military coup. Since then, Thailand has found itself in a recurring one political crisischaracterized by the conflict between the so-called "yellow" and "red shirts". In 2008 the “yellow” government buildings and airports blocked, in 2009 and 2010 there were bloody unrest among the “reds”. In 2011 there were free elections, but in 2013/14 there were again mass protests by government opponents, which included fatal attacks. To end this, the military once again seized power. The Military rule under the leadership of General Prayut Chan-o-cha continues to this day, the return to democracy is repeatedly postponed.

Population and religion

Monk procession in front of the statue of the standing Buddha in the Buddhist park Phutthamonthon (Nakhon Pathom Province)

Thailand is considered to be one of the most ethnically homogeneous countries in Southeast Asia. 75% belong to the eponymous ethnic group, the Thai; and the largest minority, the descendants of Chinese immigrants, who make up around 14% of the population, are largely integrated or even assimilated. The Malays differ significantly from the majority population, who make up 4% of the population in the whole of Thailand, but are in the majority in the three southernmost provinces. There are separatist tendencies among them, which resulted in an armed conflict, partly with terrorist means. Various minority groups that settle in the mountainous countries of northern Thailand are grouped together as so-called "mountain peoples" and make up around 1% of the total population.

Thailand is a predominantly Buddhist country, 94% of the population profess this religion. Although Buddhism is not an official state religion, the king must always be a Buddhist and in fact there are quite strong influences of this religion on politics and society. The Buddhism practiced in Thailand belongs to the conservative Theravada current, in which the written traditions from the early phase of this religion play a major role, which are cultivated by a strictly hierarchically organized monastic community. Religion plays an important role in the everyday life of most Thais. Not only do they regularly visit the temple, make monetary and material donations (especially food) to monks, celebrate births, weddings and deaths with religious ceremonies, karmadism is also deeply rooted. On the one hand, this is an impetus for helpfulness and good deeds in order to improve one's own karma, but also brings with it a certain belief in fate: one simply accepts certain grievances because they are karma and therefore cannot be changed.

Many Thai people also believe in nature, local and house spirits, which are believed to have an influence on worldly problems (e.g. health or prosperity). In this they see as little contradiction to the actual Buddhist religion as in the worship of Hindu deities or those of the Chinese folk belief.Phenomena that can be described as superstition are also widespread, e.g. B. fortune telling, horoscopes, amulets, belief in the special meaning of certain digits (sequences).

4.5% of the population are Muslims, especially the ethnic Malay in the southern provinces, but also “normal” Thai and descendants of immigrants from West and South Asia throughout the country practice Islam. Christians make up less than 1%, but lately there has been a lot of missionary activity, especially from free churches from America. The Hindu minority is even smaller. However, many Thai Buddhists also worship Hindu gods without seeing any contradiction in this.

Economy [edit]

Irrigated rice field in Northern Thailand. Rice is the main crop and livelihood of Thailand

Tourism is an important economic factor, it contributes around 10% to the gross domestic product. However, the industry is not to be neglected either, for example Thailand is the world's largest exporter of computer data storage media, i.e. hard disks and the like, and is one of the ten most important motor vehicle manufacturers. Around 40% of Thais are still engaged in agriculture, even though it only accounts for 10% of the national income. An important cultivated product is of course the staple food rice, but also natural rubber (Thailand is the world export champion here), fruit (the country is also the world market leader for pineapples), sugar cane and cassava. Thailand is a member of the G20, to which important developing and emerging countries have come together.

Arrival [edit]

Entry requirements [edit]

A passport that is valid for at least six months must be presented upon entry. If you are planning a stay of up to 30 days, you will receive the visa free of charge as a stamp in your passport upon arrival by plane. A confirmed return flight ticket is also required for entry, a stand-by ticket is not sufficient. Entry by air is possible as often as you like. When entering overland, a stay of a maximum of 15 days is usually entered. For uninterrupted stays of more than 30 days, a visa issued in advance by a Thai diplomatic mission is required. A so called Visa Run after 30 days, i.e. leaving a neighboring country and re-entering the country immediately, is no longer permitted. From October 2015 there are multiple visas for a fee of 5000 B, which are valid for six months.[1]

The Visa on arrival, refer to the signs at the airport, is not necessary for German, Austrian and Swiss citizens. A completed entry and exit card must be presented with the passport at the checkpoint. These forms are issued during the outbound flight and are also available in the airport area. In addition to your name and passport number, you must also enter your profession, information on income, the number of the return flight and an (accommodation) address. Only the intended place of stay is to be indicated. However, in individual cases, the authorities also carry out surveys and request further information or even evidence. According to the website of the German Foreign Office, this could affect some backpackers, for example. The officials want to determine whether, in a specific individual case, departure after the visa has expired is feasible and planned and the purpose of the trip corresponds to that of a tourist visa.

Foreigners are obliged to always have their passport with them. ID checks are not uncommon in the tourist areas of Bangkok, but also in Pattaya, Chiang Mai or Phuket. A photocopy of the passport is sufficient if a copy of the page with the visa or the entry stamp is also carried. The pass is better off in the room or hotel safe. As a rule, the hotel receptions will make such a copy, possibly for a small fee.

"Overstay"

If the length of stay entered in the passport is exceeded, there is a fee of 500 baht per day without a visa for the Overstay and you must leave the country immediately. If the fee cannot be paid or if the amount exceeds the limit of 20,000 baht, the court will usually be sentenced to a fine or imprisonment and other measures such as a re-entry ban of one year.

From March 20, 2016, longer re-entry bans will apply. In the case of voluntary departure, anyone who has exceeded the limit for 90-365 days is prohibited from re-entry for one year; one to three years overdrawn: 3 years; longer 5-10 years. If the person required to leave the country is apprehended and therefore prosecuted, a re-entry ban of five years applies for those who have exceeded one year or less, otherwise up to ten years. In order to determine their place of residence, hotels and landlords have to report foreigners to the immigration authorities via the Internet.

By plane

The direct flight time from Germany to Thailand is around 11 hours. Scheduled flights are mainly oriented towards the capital's international airport (Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, or BKK for short). From there, connecting flights to numerous other destinations in Thailand are available. Often these also start from the old Bangkok-Don Mueang Airport (DMK), then a transfer is necessary and several hours of buffer should be planned. more…

Direct flights are offered daily by Thai Airways from Frankfurt am Main, Munich and Zurich, as well as by Lufthansa from Frankfurt am Main, Austrian Airlines from Vienna and Swiss from Zurich. As a low-cost line, Eurowings flies twice a week from Cologne / Bonn. Booked several weeks in advance, € 700 for a direct flight (there and back, FRA – BKK with Thai Airways) is within the usual limits. At Eurowings, you can get there and back with the basic tariff (hand luggage only, no food) from € 340, and with the smart tariff (including 23 kg luggage, meals and drinks) from € 440. Cheap ticket prices can often be achieved with Arab airlines such as Qatar Airways, Oman Air, Gulf Air, Etihad or Emirates, which, however, fly to Thailand with a stopover in their respective home countries.

Non-stop flights to Phuket in the south of the country can be booked with Eurowings from Cologne / Bonn, and Phuket has also been part of the Condor program recently.

By train

You can travel to Thailand by train from Singapore and Malaysia.

Another option for entering Thailand by train from Malaysia is the daily connection from Butterworth to Hat Yai - Bangkok. Daily departure is at 1.40pm (Malay time)

There are multiple connections daily from Penang to Hat Yai.

On the street [edit]

There are several daily connections with shared taxis from Malaysia, mostly to Hat Yai.

At the beginning of 2017, the regulations for the temporary import of one's own vehicle were tightened. In addition to a Carnet de Passage, an import permit that must be applied for at least one month in advance is now required.

By ship and bus [edit]

The times and prices for buses and ferries as well as the booking of tickets can be viewed online on the ticket page 12go.asia. From December to January, ferry tickets can be sold out on site. Booking in advance makes sense.

Mobility [edit]

By train

Trains at Bangkok Central Station

Thailand has a rail network of over 4,000 kilometers, which runs from Chiang Mai in the north to the south to the Malaysian border and is operated by the state railway company State Railway of Thailand (Thai: การ รถไฟ แห่ง ประเทศไทย, spoken: gkaan ród fai hä̀äng bpra-têet tai), SRT for short.

From a technical point of view, the train system is still several decades in the past. The trains in particular, some of which have been in service for over 60 years, are in urgent need of renovation. As a result, trains regularly derail. In addition, the travel times are very long compared to other public transport in Thailand and delays of several hours are not uncommon even on busy routes.

Third class in a seated car on the Bangkok - Nong Khai route

In terms of attractiveness and importance for passenger transport, the railway has long been overtaken by long-distance buses or airplanes. Nevertheless, a train journey with the happening at the train stations and the landscape in front of the window can be an interesting part of a trip to Thailand.

Timetables and prices can be found on the SRT website. There are 1st, 2nd and 3rd class. Which compartments are air-conditioned depends on the type of train. The prices are very low, cheaper in the third and often also in the second class than on the bus.

A good travel alternative is a night trip in 1st or 2nd class in a sleeping car. So you arrive relatively rested e.g. in Chiang Mai or other distant destinations. In 1st class you sleep in a separate compartment with two beds and air conditioning. The air conditioning is often set very cold, so long trousers and a jacket are advisable despite the availability of a blanket.

The second class in night trains is available as both sleeping and seating wagons. Here, too, the type of air conditioning depends on the type of train. In the sleeping car there are two beds built on top of each other in each compartment, which can be converted into a bench during the day. Fresh bed linen is available in both classes.

By bus

Double-decker long-distance bus of the highest category (999) of the state company Bo.Kho.So. on the Bangkok – Nan line
One-way, non-air-conditioned buses in Ubon Ratchathani
Minivan in the regular service Bangkok – Si Racha – Laem Chabang

The country has a very well developed long-distance bus network. The state transport company Borisat Khon Song Chamkat Thai: บริษัท ขน ส่ง จำกัด, spoken: bɔɔ-rí-sàt kǒn sòng, short (Thai: บ ข ส., spoken: bɔɔ kɔ̌ɔ sɔ̌ɔ), English The Transport Co. Ltd. operates most of the bus stations and also carries out some of the journeys, the remaining part is operated by private companies.

Every place that can be reached by the long-distance bus network has such a bus station. Even if there is only a certain spot on the side of the road in small towns. Selected private bus companies have the right to use the bus stations of the state company. The difference for the passenger is barely noticeable, since prices and standards correspond to the rules of the state company.

The Transport Co. Ltd. offers little information in English and is hardly useful for travel planning. The online booking system is currently only available in Thai. The line network is heavily geared towards the capital Bangkok. Bangkok has three bus stations, each of which has routes to a specific part of the country. more...

The buses are provided with the company's logo and the destination or the route is written on signs or in solid color. The differences are significant and there may be overlaps between the standards. The air-conditioned and comfortable bus between Ayutthaya and Bangkok often stops en route for school and commuter traffic. Upcountry Far from Bangkok there would be hardly any vehicles with Aircon for a similar offer.

In addition to the non-air-conditioned buses on lines across the villages, there are these vehicle classes

  • Second class - More stopovers than first class and with detours on the country roads, buses blue and white with orange stripes, with air conditioning and often toilets on board
  • First class - en route on direct routes with few intermediate stops, buses in blue and white with air conditioning and on-board toilet
  • VIP or 999 - Buses with 32–34 seats on First Class lines with air conditioning and on-board toilets. The seats can be leaned back quite a long way. The price includes a simple meal, often during a layover
  • Super VIP - similar to VIP buses, but only 24 seats (therefore more legroom), to be found on overnight routes

In the air-conditioned buses, the AC is often set very cold, which is why you should have a sweater or jacket ready on these trips.

On frequent lines it is sufficient to buy the ticket at the counter before departure at the station. Without further inquiry, you will usually receive a ticket with a reserved seat for the next not yet sold out departure. The conductress sells on the way. For air-conditioned buses, tickets can usually be purchased three days in advance, which is recommended for longer tours and night trips in the VIP bus. There is a strong increase in demand around Thai public holidays, which can lead to long waiting times without a pre-purchased ticket.

Of Private company will usually have many connections Minibuses or vans. Most providers are reputable, at least if you go to one of the usual departure points that are also used by Thais (these are mentioned in this travel guide in the respective local articles). However, there are suppliers of all stripes in this business and there are repeated reports of rip-offs, theft while driving and bad vehicles. This is especially the case with companies that mainly operate in tourist areas. Caution is therefore advised when embarking on tugs. If you want to inquire about a bus connection in one of the numerous travel agencies, they usually sell a ticket from a private provider.

The better bus classes are coaches, as they are common in Europe, with a separate room for luggage. This is not the case with vehicles on lines that travel overland from village to village. However, drivers, conductors and fellow travelers often help to find a solution here too.

By plane

Domestic flights are a relatively cheap alternative to a trip of over 12 hours, for example from Bangkok to Chiang Mai, overnight by bus or train. Domestic aviation has grown significantly since the 2000s. The most important airports outside of Bangkok are Chiang Mai and Chiang Rai (in the north), Udon Thani (in the northeast), Phuket, Hat Yai, Krabi and Ko Samui (in the south). They are served several times a day by different companies. But even smaller regional airports have in some cases multiplied their passenger numbers in just a few years and are now served daily or even several times a day on scheduled services.

Online booking is common. Domestic flights can often still be booked a few days in advance. It is also possible to book flights through local travel agencies.

These airlines operate most of the domestic connections:

The cheap lines Air Asia offers a large number of connections in Asia and within Thailand. It is often the cheapest option. All traffic in Bangkok runs through the old Don Mueang Airport (DMK).

Nok Air is the company with the second largest domestic network. Your hub is also Bangkok-Don Mueang.

Bangkok Airways advertises with the label Asia's boutique airline. Often a little more expensive than other airlines, Bangkok Airways also flies domestic flights to and from Suvarnabhumi (BKK). It operates some airports such as Ko Samui or Sukhothai itself and partially holds the monopoly there.

Thai Airways is often the most comfortable and proven alternative, usually also the most expensive. In Bangkok, Thai Airways flies from Suvarnabhumi (BKK). Since her regional and cheap subsidiary was founded Thai smile the parent company has only a few destinations left in Thailand, most domestic destinations are now served by Smile.

It should be noted that most domestic flights are handled at the old Don Mueang Airport, while almost all long-distance routes use the new Suvarnabhumi Airport. The distance is almost 50 km and you should plan a corresponding time cushion when switching to long-distance flights.

The International Aviation Organization ICAO expressed safety concerns against several Thai companies in 2015. The AirlineRatings.com portal gives AirAsia Thailand and Nok Air only two out of seven stars in terms of security, Bangkok Airways three out of seven, Thai Airways International, Thai Smile, NokScoot and Thai Lion Air each four out of seven stars (as of March 2017).

Taxi [edit]