How much does a military tank weigh

Panzer 87 Leopard, Pz 87 Leopard



GenerallyManufacturerKrauss-Maffai Wegmann Germany
Oerlikon Contraves AG SwitzerlandCountry of ManufactureGermany
SwitzerlandYear of manufacture1987 to 1993In service with the troops1988 to 2011M + number380 vehicles
Procured via RP 1984
1st series
35 vehicles
M + 77101 to M + 77135
Directly from the manufacturer
Chassis numbers: 13001 to 13035
2nd series
120 vehicles
M + 77136 to M + 77255
Swiss license production
3rd series
225 vehicles
M + 77256 to M + 77480
Swiss license productioncategoryMain battle tanknumber of vehicles380 vehiclescrew4 people
1 commander in the tower on the right
1 gunner in the turret bottom right
1 loader in the turret on the left
1 driver in the tub on the rightWeight56,500 kg combat weight
16,000 kg turret with gun
6'120 kg engine block with filling
5'565 kg engine block without filling
2,855 kg engine
2,750 kg engine with combustion air filter
2,590 kg engine without combustion air filter
2,450 kg gearbox with oil filling
2'170 kg gear unit without oil filling
417 kg side drive
226 kg swing arm with lamellar damper
182 kg swing arm without lamellar damper
106 kg tension wheel swing arm
59.0 kg torsion bar
48.0 kg impeller
43.5 kg tension wheel bearing journals
38.5 kg drive sprocket
34.0 kg drive wheel ring
34.0 kg tension wheel hub
33.5 kg tension wheel
25.0 kg roller
14.0 kg wheel hub
11.5 kg end stop damperPower to weight ratio26.54 hp / t
19.52 kW / tlength10'120 mm vehicle with silencer and gun pointing towards 12 o'clock
9,600 mm vehicle without silencer with gun pointing towards 12 o'clock
8'490 mm vehicle with gun backwards
7'750 mm vehicle without gunwidth3,720 mm vehicle with side skirts
3,560 mm vehicle without side skirts
3'420 mm vehicle on the outside of chains
2'150 mm vehicle over chains inside
2785 mm track width (middle of track)height5'700 mm vehicle free via antennas
3,350 mm vehicle tensioned via antennas
2,800 mm vehicle above the commander's hatch
1,630 mm vehicle over tub
Gun height of 2'009 mm
900 mm axle tensioning wheel in front
845 mm axle rear drive wheelGround pressureTerrain 0.85 kg / cm²Ground clearance540 mm at the rear
490 mm at the frontTrack length4'923 mm chain on the right
4'944 mm chain on the left
9,500 mm turning circle with local steering, tower position 6 o'clock
11,500 mm turning circle with local steering, tower position 12 o'clockAbility to exceed3,000 mm
1,100 mm climbing ability
31.0 ° / 60% gradeability
16.5 ° / 30% bank slopeWading ability1,200 mm
2'250 mm deep wading with preparationCaterpillar width635 mmSpeed ​​road68 km / h forward
31 km / h backwards
1st gear 15 km / h manual transmission
2nd gear 31 km / h manual transmission
3rd gear 45 km / h manual transmission
2nd / 3rd / 4th gear 68 km / h automatic
1st gear 15 km / h backwards manual transmission
2nd gear 31 km / h backwards manual transmissionSpeed ​​terrain68 km / h forward
31 km / h backwards 2nd gearTank capacity1,160 liters of diesel
230 liter niche fuel tank on the left
250 liter main fuel tank on the left
350 liter niche fuel tank on the right
280 liter main fuel tank on the right
50 liter withdrawal container
340 liters / 100 km consumption on the road
530 liters / 100 km consumption off-road
12 to 13 liters / hour consumption when stationary
340 km road range
220 km range of terrainlanding gearPer page
1 pair of tensioning wheels at the front
1 front tension wheel swing arm
1 chain tensioning device at the front
7 pairs of impellers
4 support rollers arranged offset
5 hydraulic end stops on swing arm 1, 2, 3, 6 and 7
2 fixed end stops on swing arm 4 and 5
7 swing arms with torsion bars
1 side gear with rear drive ring
Torsion bar-sprung support roller drive with lamellar and hydraulic end stop dampersCaterpillar typeManufacturer Defense Service Tracks GmbH
Type 570 F
Rubber-mounted end connector caterpillar with replaceable rubber cushions
82 chain links per side in new condition
2 chain links reserve
2,750 kg weight connector chain
33.2 kg chain link weightElectric voltage24 volts
8 batteries of 12 volts 125 Ah
4 batteries each on the left and right in the side niches of the machine room
Minus pole to ground
The electrical system is divided into a coarse network and a fine network
The coarse network (6 batteries) supplies the assemblies in the entire vehicle that are exposed to large fluctuations in load
The fine network (2 batteries) supplies the inverter, the relay box for the inverter and the central logic
2 batteries are connected in series to form a group. Three of these groups are connected in parallel and are responsible for supplying the coarse network.
The fourth group is responsible for supplying the fine networkArmorMax. 120 mmMeans of transmission1 radio station SE-412 K
1 transmitter receiver A
1 transceiver C
1 on-board amplifier (BV)
4 control units / monitors (BG)
2 channel selectors SE A and C
1 transient protection
1 ESM transmitter attenuator ED-412
2 antennas 2-part
4 headsets
1 outboard phone
1 field telephone
1 cable reel KR 83 with 600 m cable F-2E

Later
1 radio station SE-235 / m2 +

main engineManufacturerMTU MBType873 Ka 501Number of cylinders12 cylinder V 90 °
Four stroke
Pre-chamber diesel engine
2 exhaust gas turbochargers with internal charge air cooling
4 valves per cylinder
Overhead valves operated by high-lying camshafts via roller tappets, tappet rods and rocker arms
The camshafts are driven by timing gears
Dry sump pressure circulation lubricationpower1,500 HP / 1,103 kW at 2,600 rpmTorque479.26 mkg / 4,700 Nm at 1,600 rpmdrilling170 mmHub175 mmDisplacement47,600 cm³fueldieselDrive positionBack

Auxiliary engineManufacturerNo auxiliary motor installedTypeXNumber of cylindersXpowerXdrillingXHubXDisplacementX cm³fuelX

transmissionTypeManufacturer Renk
Type HSWL 354
Hydromechanical shift, reversing and steering gear
Semi and fully automatic switchable with combined hydrodynamic-mechanical service brake
Manual shift 1st to 3rd gear
Automatic 2nd to 4th gear
Switching type electrical / hydraulic
4 forward gears
2 reverse gears
translation
1st gear 4.504: 1st gear
2nd gear 2.209: 1st
3rd gear 1.523: 1st
4th gear 1.003: 1st
Side drive
Manufacturer ZF
Type P 25000 planetary gear
Outside on each side of the tub
Gear ratio 4.67: 1

ArmamentMain weapon120 mm smoothbore tank cannon 1987
Manufacturer Rheinmetall Düsseldorf
Type Rh 120 L / 44
Technical specifications
120 mm caliber
5,593 mm total length
5,300 mm tube length smooth tube
3'800 kg weight of the Pz cannon
1'150 kg weight tube
683 kg weight base with lock
110 kg weight locking wedge
13.5 kg weight smoke evacuator
13.5 kg weight of the protective tube cover at the front
12.8 kg weight of the protective sleeve at the rear
360 ° side straightening range
- 9 ° to + 20 ° elevation range pipe 12 o'clock
+ 3 ° to + 20 ° elevation range pipe 06 o'clock
9 rounds / minute rate of fire
Drop wedge lock
Semi-automatic locking system
Firing electrically
Combat ammunition
12 cm Pz Kan Pfeil Pat 87 Lsp KE (DM 23)
12 cm Pz Kan HL Pat 87 MZ Lsp
12 cm Pz Kan 87 Pfeil Pat 90 Lsp
12 cm Pz Kan 87 Pfeil Pat 98 Lsp
Practice ammunition
12 cm Pz Kan 87 U HL Pat 87 Lsp MZ Üb
12 cm Pz Kan 87 U Arrow Pat 87 Lsp KE Ub
Tampering ammunition
12 cm Pz Kan 87 Manip Pfeil Pat
12 cm Pz Kan 87 Manip HL PatMachine gun7.5 mm tank machine gun 1987, parallel to the barrel
7.5 mm dome machine gun 1987
Manufacturer SW Thun AG
Technical specifications
7.5 mm caliber
1'410 mm weapon length tank machine gun
1'230 mm weapon length dome machine gun
563 mm barrel length
270 mm twist length
4 trains
750 m / second initial speed
3,300 bar Max. Gas pressure
500 / 1,000 rounds per minute cadence tank machine gun switchable
1'000 rounds per minute cadence dome machine gun
29.3 kg weight tank machine gun
15.2 kg weight dome machine gun
23.0 kg weight rotating carriage
- 9 ° to + 20 ° elevation range of tank machine gun
- 9 ° to + 60 ° elevation range dome machine gun
Recoil charger air-cooled
Support flap lock
The dome machine gun can be used on a rotating mount, either on the loader or on the commander's cupola
The tank machine gun is installed parallel to the gun
The tank machine gun and the dome machine gun cannot be interchanged
Combat ammunition
7.5mm GP 11
7.5mm Lsp Pat 11
Marker ammunition
7.5 mm Mark Pat Mg
Tampering ammunition
7.5 mm Gw Manip PatLyranNoFog lights3 '' fog launcher 1987
Manufacturer SW Thun AG
Developer Diehl Germany
Technical specifications
76 mm caliber
5 seconds duration of building a smoke screen
90 - 200 seconds duration of the fog
100 - 120 m smoke screen width per volley left and right
50 - 90 m throwing distance
16 fog throwers
2 x 4 fog throwers each on the left and right of the turret rear
Electrical release
Left or right as a fan throw
Left or right tower axially as single throws
Combat ammunition
7.6 cm Nb Pat 87 el Zü
7.6 cm Nb Pat 95 el Zü
Practice ammunition

7.6 cm UNB Pat 90 el Zü
Tampering ammunition
7.6 cm Manip NB Pat

From 1998
7.6 cm multiple throwing system 1998
Manufacturer SW Thun AG
Developer Diehl Germany
Technical specifications
76 mm caliber
5 seconds duration of building a smoke screen
90 - 200 seconds duration of the fog
100 - 120 m smoke screen width per volley left and right
50 - 90 m throwing distance
16 fog throwers
2 x 4 tubes each on the left and right of the tower rear
Electrical release
Left and right as volley A.
Left and right as volleys B
Combat ammunition
7.6 cm Nb Pat 87 el Zü
7.6 cm Nb Pat 95 el Zü
Practice ammunition

7.6 cm UNB Pat 90 el Zü
7.6 cm Unb Pat 97 el Zü
Tampering ammunition
7.6 cm Manip NB Pat

Ammunition supplyMain weapon42 cartridges
15 cartridges 1. Readiness in the ammunition room turret rear
10 arrow cartridges
5 shaped charge cartridges
27 cartridges 2. Readiness in the ammunition room, front left tub
18 arrow cartridges
9 shaped charge cartridgesMachine gun4,100 shots
900 rounds 1st readiness in the belt case on the Panzer Mg
200 rounds 1st readiness in an MG box on the dome MG
1'000 rounds 2nd readiness in 5 Mg boxes on the tower floor by the loader
1'000 rounds 2nd readiness in 5 Mg boxes on the left wall of the tank
1'000 rounds 2nd readiness in 5 Mg boxes on the ammunition room, to the left of the driver
Ratio of Gp 11 to Lsp Pat 11 = 3: 1LyranNoFog lights32 cartridges
16 cartridges 1. Ready loaded
16 cartridges 2. Ready in the rear boxRemarkshistory
March 09, 1981
Handover of 2 Leopard 2 A4 from Bundeswehr stocks for testing purposes, chassis numbers 10047 and 10048

December 11, 1984
National Council approves credit for the procurement of 380 vehicles, 35 from Krauss-Maffei, 345 in license production

March to June 1987
Delivery of the vehicles from Germany

December 1987 to March 1993
Delivery of vehicles from Swiss production


Changes to Panzer 87 Leopard compared to Leopard 2A4
The Panzer 87 basically corresponds to the 5th construction lot of the Bundeswehr, but has numerous changes
7.5 mm Mg 87 instead of the MG3
4 replacement pipe brackets for hot-shot pipes from Flab Mg,
2 per tower side
Other radios
On-board communication system
10 additional snow grabs in extra brackets on the tower at the front left (3) and on the right side (4 + 3)
Adaptation of the rear corners and the rear of the tower, especially on the left to accommodate an outboard intercom
Foldable camouflage net mounts on the right rear of the turret
Adjusting the lighting system
Hydraulic chain tensioner
Modified NBC protective ventilation system
Engine muffler
Changed driver hatch

Inventory 2015
35 pieces delivered by Krauss-Maffei in 1987
345 pieces delivered by K + W Thun 1987 1993
42 units sold to Rheinmetall in 2010
12 pieces sold to Canada 2011
55 units sold to Krauss-Maffei Wegmann
4 pieces for shooting tests by Armasuisse
134 pieces converted to Panzer 87 WE 2006
12 pieces converted into engineering and mine clearance tanks Leopard 2006
10 pieces converted into towing objects in 2013
12 pieces converted into Leopard bridge armor in 2014
3 pieces for museums (HAM Burgdorf, Full and Wildegg)
96 pieces stored

Classification
Tank Gren Bat 8 Reserve Bat (2004-2010)
Panzer Bat 8 Reserve from 2011
Panzer Bat 12 from 1988
Panzer Bat 13 from 1990
Panzer Bat 14 from 1992
Panzer Bat 15 from 1991, reserve from 2004
Panzer Bat 17 from 1993
Panzer Bat 18 1993 to 2003, 2004 to 2010 Pz Gren Bat 18, from 2011 Pz Bat 18
Panzer Bat 19 1991-1994, converted to Mech Bat 19 in 1995, disbanded at the end of 2003
Pz Bat 20 1989 to 2003, transferred to Pz Gren Bat 20 in 2004, from 2011 Reserve Bat
Panzer Bat 25 from 2004 Reserve Bat, disbanded from 2011
Panzer Bat 27 1990 to 2003, 2004 to 2010 Pz Gren Bat 27, from 2004 Reserve Bat, disbanded from 2011
Panzer Bat 28 1992 to 2003, 2004 to 2010 Pz Gren Bat 28, from 2011 Reserve Bat
Panzer Bat 29 1994 to 2003, 2004 to 2010 Pz Gren Bat 29, from 2011 Pz Bat 29
Mech Bat 2 1995 to 2003, then disbanded
Mech Bat 3 1995 to 2003, then disbanded
Mech Bat 4 1995 to 2003, then disbanded
Mech Bat 11 1995 to 2003, then disbanded
Mech Bat 19 from 1995 to 2003, then disbanded

Data source classification
Brochure "Panzer Museum Thun"
Association of the Swiss Army Museum VSAM