Is Australia good for civil engineers
Working in Australia: you need to know that
Working in Australia is a very tempting idea for people all over the world. According to the Australian statistical office, 125,000 Germans already live and work on the fifth continent - making them the tenth largest group of immigrants. But the road to Australia is long and arduous. Career Bible has all the latest information for Australia fans ...
➠ Content: This is what awaits you
Working in Australia: is this for me?
Australia - that stands for sun, surf and fluffy koalas. In the World Happiness Report, Down Under came ninth - making it one of the happiest countries in the world. The economic framework conditions are good, the manners are considered to be relaxed, and the official language English does not represent a high entry barrier. These are almost ideal conditions for immigrants.
In recent years, the continent's population has grown by 1.5 percent - faster than the global average. A burden on infrastructure, health systems, real estate prices. What does that have to do with you? Possibly more than you would like if you want to immigrate to Australia. It is quite possible that the laws will be tightened further and that work visas for qualified immigrants will no longer be so generously distributed. Even backpackers are asked to pay.
After violent protests, however, the “backpacker tax” was reduced again.
Australia: What is the economic situation like?
Australia is growing - especially in the cities. Last year two cities accounted for 56 percent of total population growth: Melbourne and Sydney. Sydney alone grew into a mega-metropolis within a generation - from two million inhabitants in 1958 to over five million now. As a result, the employment opportunities for expats are to be found especially in the big metropolises - including Canberra and Brisbane.
Basically, Australia - like other western countries - is on the way to becoming a service society. Around two thirds of the people already work in the service sector: finance, real estate, also e-commerce, nano- and biotechnology are gaining in importance.
But Australia has a unique selling point: mining and agriculture still occupy a prominent position, raw materials such as iron ore, gold and coal are among the main exports. The bad news for Australia's GDP: The raw materials boom is over for the time being. The good one: The unemployment rate is at a very low level and remained relatively stable throughout the year at just under six percent. Official unemployment rate in March: 5.9 percent.
Australia: Work and Travel
You don't even want to move to Australia, but rather go on a work & travel backpack trip? You can find information here:
➠ Content: This is what awaits you
Working in Australia: how do I get a visa?
Australia has what Germany continues to discuss: clear rules and a point-based immigration system. Which does not mean that these criteria are easy to understand. There are among other things ...
- Visa for Temporary Work for short-term workers.
- Temporary Graduate Visa for students who want to stay and work in Australia after their studies.
- Skilled Regional Provisional Visathat enables work to be started in a specific region.
- Working Holiday Visa for work & travel.
- Temporary Activity Visa for athletes, artists or scientists.
- Employer Nomination Scheme for workers hired and invited by an Australian company.
- Skilled Independent Visa for employees who do not have a sponsor and want to look for a job at random (but who need certain qualifications to do so)
Mind you, the list is not exhaustive. There is of course also the option of applying for a visa as a student or visitor or immigrating as a family member.
For potential immigrants, it is particularly important to know: First of all, nothing works without the appropriate qualifications (apart from work & travel). And secondly, you should make connections to Australia before you leave - ideally in the form of an invitation from an employer.
Those who do not have this can still apply for a “Skilled Independent Visa”. It allows you to immigrate and work permanently in Australia without a specific job offer. Requirements:
- You have a job that is on the Skilled Occupation List.
- You prove your skills in an assessment.
- You are not yet 50 years old.
- You achieve at least 60 points in the points test, whereby in addition to profession, work experience, age, other qualifications, for example, the profession of the partner can also bring points.
- You speak good English.
However, there are only a limited number of places available for each profession. Example: The number for electrical engineers is currently 1,254 people per year. Not to be forgotten: In Australia, too, only death is free. The application fee for the Skilled Independent Visa is 3,600 Australian dollars, which is the equivalent of around 2,500 euros. Other visas are sometimes cheaper, the selection procedures vary.
Working in Australia: what labor is needed?
If your job is on the Skilled Occupation List, your chances will increase. The Skilled Occupation List is the equivalent of the German bottleneck list and is updated regularly. And there are also parallels in terms of content: Here, as there, there is above all a need for doctors, nurses, engineers, craftsmen and IT specialists.
Note: It is by no means the case that you only have a chance of getting a visa if your profession is on the list. For example, you can also be hired by a company via the “Employer Nomination Scheme” - provided you meet all the (sometimes tough) requirements. Here is an (incomplete) selection of bottleneck occupations:
- Child minders
- Shipbuilding engineer
- Landscape architect
- Chemical engineer
- Electrical engineer
- Agricultural engineer
- environmental engineer
- Teachers (e.g. preschool teachers, high school teachers)
- Software engineer
- Social worker
Australia: These tips are given by expats
What should you watch out for when you embark on the Australian adventure? Here are five first-hand tips:
- “You need savings in Australian dollars or US dollars. You should speak English well, otherwise it will be very difficult to find a job. "
- "Come in summer - between October and March - to really enjoy the entire lifestyle outside."
- “Every city in Australia is completely different. Be prepared to try another city if you are not satisfied with your original choice. "
- “Be prepared for massive weather changes. It can be very hot, very cold and very wet! "
- "Consider the great distance to your family and friends."
Working in Australia: what do you earn?
What do you earn in Australia? Here is a small selection of salary examples. The salary details are annual median salaries. Means: Half of the employees in this occupation earn more, the other half less. The information comes from the pay platform Payscale:
- Event manager: 62,201 Australian dollars (43,900 euros)
- Graphic designer: 49,935 AUD (35,200 euros)
- Project engineer: 83,308 AUD (58,800 euros)
- IT project manager: AUD 104,316
- Restaurant chef: 53,579 AUD (37,800 euros)
- SAP consultant: 97,716 AUD (69,000 euros)
- Social media manager: AUD 55,463 (EUR 39,000)
- Software developer: 69,627 AUD (49,000 euros)
- Supply chain manager: 104,300 AUD (73,600 euros)
- dentist: 97,065 AUD (68,500 euros)
Another note about taxation: There is no income tax on the first $ 18,200 of annual salary. Then you enter with an income tax rate of 19 percent, which increases to 45 percent. The top tax rate is payable on salaries in excess of AU $ 180,000.
Working in Australia: Where to Find Jobs
Where can I find a job? Here are some of Australia's most popular job boards - government agencies and meta search engines included:
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