What year was the glorious revolution?

The "Glorious Revolution"

The English King James II. had made many enemies during his reign (1685-1688). Above all, his way of ruling very arbitrarily and thus repeatedly violating the existing legal system, led to his unpopularity. People were simply arrested, convicted, and even sent to the colonies without first being given a fair trial.

The fear of the Pope in England

In addition, rumors surfaced that the King wanted to make England Catholic again. The fear of the Pope and Catholicism was great, because in England at that time there were many Protestants and the official Church was Anglican and not Catholic.

So it finally came about that the liberal-thinking circles in England contact with the Protestant prince of the Netherlands - Wilhelm III. of Orange - recordings. They hoped that he would defend themselves against Catholicism in England. So it was quite fitting that this Wilhelm was married to the daughter of Jacob II and that he was also the son-in-law of the English king.

The Bill of Rights

The signature of Wilhelm III was required as a prerequisite for the support. of Orange under the "Bill of Rights". This very important regulation protected the rights of parliament and restricted the power of royalty. The king had to convene parliament, could not simply raise taxes without its consent and had to have the army's maintenance confirmed in peacetime.

MPs immunity

The "immunity" of the MPs also came from this period. The king could not simply take action against a member of parliament if he should say something the king did not like. This immunity still protects MPs today.

These conditions were probably not a problem for Wilhelm, because he signed the declaration. As a result, he landed in England in November 1688. At the same time, King Jacob II fled, who sought refuge in France with the French King Louis XIV.

So came the "Bill of Rights"in force and the" Habeas Corpus Act "has not been reconfirmed.

Basis of our constitutions

These regulations, which are part of the "Glorious Revolution" are the basis of all our European constitutions to this day. The rights of the "Glorious Revolution" are still important. Free election of parliament, the right to debate, immunity, the right to have a say in taxes and in the formation of the army. The English parliament was not yet a modern parliament - there were no free and equal elections yet - but it was a first basis and an important guide for the future of a more just state.

In England one therefore speaks of one for this time constitutional monarchy, but there was not yet a parliamentary government like today.