What is a programmer
What does a programmer do?
Activities of a programmer
The tasks of a programmer include the conception and development of EDP software, with the relevant bandwidth ranging from multimedia applications to information technology to commercial and mathematical applications. The adaptation or optimization of already existing software is usually one of your tasks. In order to be able to cope with these tasks, you will receive detailed specifications on this topic from the company's internal decision-makers or the clients or customers. After you have analyzed the different requirements and questions, you start your actual work as a programmer and develop, create or improve the software. In doing so, you generate topic and case-specific problem solutions; this can be done independently or within a project team with other IT specialists. As a programmer, you usually use an explicit programming language, which is then converted or translated into a machine-readable language by a compiler. Once the software is finally finished, you have the task of initiating test runs and fixing any errors that may occur. Furthermore, you are responsible for writing the relevant work instructions as well as a detailed and clearly understandable program description so that other programmers or users can work efficiently with the software. In the course of your work as a programmer, you use explicit development environments such as editing systems or documentation tools; You will also work with various tools relating to manuals, documentation and formulas. As part of your job-specific activities, you are usually in constant contact with customers and also with specialists from other areas of the company.
As a programmer, you have to observe the following quality features in order to implement a software design in a practical manner:
- Correctness of the functionality: The created program must function properly and must not contain any semantic or syntax errors (incorrect commands in the code, spelling errors).
- Robustness: The software or the program text must also react sensibly when explicit errors occur.
- Ensure maintenance options and maintainability: You have to set up the program in such a way that appropriate repairs with regard to the programming are possible at any time, even if errors occur. In order to fully guarantee this fact, you have to adhere to a certain definition of commands when programming in order to guarantee the readability of the program text for other IT experts as well.
- Performance: This term hides the requirement of the respective programmer to keep the resource expenditure (storage space consumption, runtime, etc.) as low as possible.
In the video: Thomas Zeman, software developer
How do I become a programmer?
Due to the high demand, career changers with practical and up-to-date programming skills can also find jobs as programmers. The classic way is certainly through vocational training, but if the perspective is also to exist in software development, a computer science or information technology degree is the best way. "Programming" is usually part of the catalog of compulsory subjects in computer science courses, and at some universities you can also take corresponding specializations. In many cases, graduates of the natural sciences and engineering courses also find entry-level jobs in software development. You can study computer science nationwide at almost all colleges and universities in Germany, plus you can choose an information technology focus in countless natural science and engineering courses. There are also countless courses that specialize in a particular application area of computer science, such as bioinformatics. Geoinformatics, energy informatics, medical informatics, media informatics and much more.
Duration of study:
- 6-7 semesters (Bachelor), whereby the seventh semester is usually the compulsory practical semester that you have to complete in a university of applied sciences courses.
- 3-4 additional semesters (Master)
Where can I work as a programmer?
As a programmer, you can work in software forges, system houses and almost any company that has its own computer system or deals with one on behalf of a customer. Since the Internet, with its multipliers for innovative technologies and tailor-made software, continues to push traditional working methods into the background, the IT industry will continue to flourish in the future; As a programmer, you naturally have good professional cards. The demand for programmers is particularly high in some regions. You will find a multitude of attractive job offers in this area, especially in metropolises like Munich, Hamburg and Berlin; However, this is not least due to the fact that there are large local IT companies (Payback, Ferchau, Cognizant etc.) that deal with the programming of software. North Rhine-Westphalia is also turning out to be a premium region for programmers. Dortmund in particular as a technology and IT location with international significance, but also Essen, Bochum, Duisburg and Cologne should be mentioned here. While significantly more programmers are looking for a job in southern Germany than there are corresponding jobs, more vacancies can be found in the eastern federal states in particular. As a programmer, however, you do not necessarily have to be employed. In this area, there are numerous jobs on the labor market, especially for freelancers. Especially with regard to project-related orders, there is an enormously high demand from companies in this regard.
Programmer's Career and Salary
In terms of salary, drastic differences can be observed across Germany. In the eastern federal states in particular, comparatively low wages are paid in some cases. Many of the programmers employed there do not have an annual average of more than a monthly salary of around 1,500 euros (Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania), 1,650 euros (Saxony) or 1,800 euros (Saxony-Anhalt). The exception in the east is Thuringia. Here you earn - according to surveys - at least around 2,500 euros as a programmer at the local companies. The highest salaries are paid in Hesse, Saarland, Rhineland-Palatinate and Bavaria; earnings of almost 6,000 euros per month are nothing unusual in these federal states. The highest average monthly wages are paid in Baden-Württemberg (approx. 3,655 euros) and Bavaria (3,575 euros).
What specializations and alternatives are there for a programmer?
Programmers can work in different phases of a software development process. Some areas are listed here:
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