Who are the Jewish banking families

Frankfurt

Theodor Wiesengrund Adorno (1903-1969) is one of the world-famous Frankfurt Jews. The philosopher, sociologist and musicologist had a major influence on the student movement of the 1970s. Born in Frankfurt, he took on a teaching post in Oxford after emigrating, returned to Frankfurt in 1949 and became director of the Institute for Social Research with Max Horkheimer.

Ludwig Börne (1786-1837) was another important Frankfurt Jew. Born as Löb Baruch on May 24th, 1786 in Frankfurt, he grew up under the most adverse circumstances in the Frankfurt ghetto. Due to the emancipation of the Jews, however, he was allowed to study and became a civil servant, later a journalist and freelance writer. In 1830 he moved to Paris, where he became the champion and spokesman for the “petty-bourgeois revolutionary democrats”.

Paul Ehrlich (1854-1915) was head of the Kgl. Institute for Experimental Therapy in Frankfurt, where he made a significant contribution to chemotherapy. He developed the first effective remedy for syphilis and received the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1908 together with Prof. Metschnikoff. The Paul Ehrlich Prize awarded annually in Frankfurt commemorates the scientist he deserves.

Anne Frank (1929-1945) was born in Frankfurt to Jewish parents. In 1933 the family emigrated to the Netherlands. In July 1942 she had to go into hiding and lived in a hideout in Amsterdam. This is where Anne Frank's diary entries were later translated and published in 60 languages. In 1944 the family were betrayed and deported. Anne Frank died in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in 1945. Her father was the only one in the family to survive.

Erich Fromm (1900 - 1980) was the son of an Orthodox-Jewish Frankfurt wine merchant family. He was a co-founder of the South German Institute for Psychoanalysis in Frankfurt (1929) and emigrated to the USA in 1934. His most important works are: "The Art of Love" (1956), "Analytical Social Psychology and Social Theory" (1970), "Anatomy of Human Destructiveness" (1973), "Having or Being" (1976), and "Sigmund Freud's Psychoanalysis, Size and Limits "(1980).

Mayer Amschel Rothschild (1744-1812), the progenitor of the Rothschild family, was born in Frankfurt's Judengasse. The five sons ensured the family's financial growth. In the 19th century you founded branches of your bank in the most important metropolises of the world. Mayer Amschel (1773-1855) was raised to the nobility by Franz I of Austria. The last head of the Frankfurt house was Wilhelm Carl von Rothschild died in 1901. Frankfurt owes the family numerous foundations, such as the Clementine Children's Hospital and the Carolinum.

Leopold Sonnemann (1831-1909) was a businessman, banker, publisher and politician. He soon converted his father's textile business into a bank. The founder of the later "Frankfurter Zeitung" was a member of the labor movement and for 28 years a member of the Frankfurt city parliament. The name of the co-founder of the Frankfurter Volksbank is also associated with modern urban affairs, from water to electricity supply, but also with the founding of Frankfurt Zoos. The newspaper existed until 1943 and was soon continued as Frankfurter Allgemeine (FAZ).

Georg Speyer (1835–1902) was the son of the Frankfurt banker Layard Speyer. After his apprenticeship as a philanthropist intended for the commercial profession, he soon found himself at home in the banking world in Europe. In addition to his professional activity, Speyer dealt with social, artistic and scientific endeavors in Frankfurt. Together with his wife Franziska, he supported the institutions of the Study Foundation, which later formed the basis for the university. Without the financial commitment of the Speyers, Paul Ehrlich's work here would not have been possible. Another part of his fortune went to various funds, but also to the Senckenbergische Forschungsgesellschaft. The university foundation named after the Speyers still exists today.

The Rabbi of Stolin (1869-1921) was born Israel Perlow and was the rabbi of a small town in Russia. His grave is in the grave field of the Israeli religious community in the Old Jewish Cemetery in Rat-Beil-Strasse. It became a place of pilgrimage for pious Jews from all over the world. They wear caftans and have seldom seen pajes, the sidelocks. These strictly Orthodox Jews are called "Hasidim", the pious. Hasidism, the youngest popular religious and mystical movement, emerged in the middle of the 18th century in the Ukraine. According to Hasidic belief, the "Wunter Rabbi" was one of the 36 chosen ones because of their wisdom is given special veneration.