Which career includes business and computer science

Make a career in computer science - would you prefer to do a degree or a training?

Have you always been fascinated by technology, do you like to find out how things work and do you not only use your smartphone or notebook for games and making calls? Cat photos on Instagram and the last shit storm on Facebook are not yours, would you like to design an app yourself or program a database for your music collection? Then YOU are probably in very good hands in an IT profession!

Unfortunately, you are now spoiled for choice: the opportunities to make a career in this professional field are just as numerous as the apprenticeships offered. The big question is: IT studies or training?

In order to make a good decision for your career planning, you should first consider where your main interests lie. Are you more of a creative type who enjoys making web content appealing and user-friendly? Do you like to approach problems and challenges in a practical way by rolling up your sleeves and pulling out the screwdriver? Or are you more interested in mathematical and theoretical backgrounds such as algorithms, computer architecture and the basics of operating systems? Before you start your career in IT, you should have answered these questions for yourself.

IT degree or apprenticeship?

First of all: The job prospects are still very good in almost all IT professions, provided you have completed relevant vocational training or a corresponding degree in computer science. However, employers usually have very specific requirements for potential employees or are looking for very specific specializations. Even the most well-trained media designer will have little chance of starting a career as a network administrator right from the start.
Practical experience that you acquire during your training is also important. The so-called dual courses of study, which combine theory and practice, deserve special mention here.

Dual studies bring theory and practice together

For everyone who is concerned with answering the question "IT studies or training?" Difficulty because you are interested in both the theoretical background of information technology and its practical application, a dual course of study is a good choice.

This is a university degree that roughly half consists of integrated practical assignments. So you acquire the theoretical basic knowledge of your subject at a university or vocational academy, you complete the practical part at a partner company. Since these courses of study have generally been classified as jobs subject to social security contributions, you will be paid for this type of training and of course you will be insured.

The dual courses of study in IT with the best job prospects are currently business informatics and technical informatics. With a degree in business informatics, for example, you will implement complete technical solutions for large companies (such as broadband networks or connected car technology in the car). Technical computer scientists mainly deal with communication technologies, process informatics, automation technology, etc.

For these two courses, it is also true that graduates currently earn the highest salaries in the industry. Other dual courses of study are, for example, electrical engineering and applied computer science. In Germany in particular, the number of dual study programs on offer has risen rapidly in recent years.

Explore the theory of computer science

Anyone who prefers to go a little deeper and want to acquire a sound basic knowledge is well advised to study computer science. This is mainly about theory: you learn from the bottom up how information is processed and analyzed and how to work systematically with this information. The computer science course also covers the architecture of complex systems and the planning, development and construction of computer systems. Very good knowledge of logic and mathematics and a pronounced passion for technology are basic requirements for this bachelor's degree. The demands on the students in most computer science courses are quite high. Perseverance is therefore a must. Who the question "IT degree or training?" cannot answer with a definite yes to studying, it is better to opt for a different type of training in order to avoid disappointment later on.

For theory enthusiasts and those interested in science, biting through is definitely worth it: the starting salaries are also among the highest in the IT industry. Large companies pay young professionals an annual salary of around EUR 45,000.

Successful without an IT degree: Which training courses are suitable?

But it is also worth taking a look at the non-academic training in the IT sector. IT specialists can specialize in application development or system integration during their three-year training period. Already during the training there is a monthly remuneration and the starting salaries are between 2,300 and 2,400 EUR gross per month. There are significantly fewer trained IT clerks who manage and coordinate IT systems in companies. You can expect a starting salary of EUR 1,700 to 1,900 gross.

It is also possible to specialize right from the start: Mathematical-technical software developers deal with analysis and complex program structures, with databases, the evaluation of statistics and of course with programming. This is remunerated at EUR 2,500 to 3,000 gross upon entry.

There are also an infinite number of training opportunities for all creative people. If you love to come up with scenarios for games or if you can imagine creating e-books, videos and interactive websites, you are definitely in good hands in this area. As a media designer, you mainly deal with the design of digital and print media. For this you need a very good technical understanding as well as an interest in the use of graphic software. Publishers, printers and advertising agencies are possible employers. The design of apps and games can be learned in two to three-year training courses. The following applies to all creative IT professions: the competition and the workload are relatively high, but the earnings may be as well!

In summary, one can say that an IT degree is more likely for you if you can deal with large amounts of learning material in a very disciplined manner and have a pronounced interest in basic knowledge paired with later specializations. Practitioners who want to earn money from the very beginning are better advised to go to school.

Do you have the question "IT studies or training?" still not able to answer for you? Don't panic: many computer science students have previously completed other relevant training and see subsequent studies as a welcome addition to their practical experience.

If you would like more information about a career in the IT industry, we recommend our IT career guide. There you will receive valuable information that will help you further in your IT career.
To the IT career guide