What is defined stress
Stress - momentum for life or sickness makerThe omnipresent stress has a very bad reputation. The state of being “stressed” is actually a brilliant trick of nature. In dangerous situations, but also in the face of other challenges, the body mobilizes reserves of strength. Pulse and breathing accelerate and the blood flows faster in the vessels: more oxygen and more sugar are available. Hormones such as adrenaline and cortisol shoot into the bloodstream and ensure that a person is wide awake and can react at lightning speed. So stress in itself is nothing negative, on the contrary: It is essential for survival.
Even more: stress can be really fun. Correctly dosed, it brings momentum into life and gives you wings. Anyone who masters a demanding task suddenly is in top form. Even those who rush to a rendezvous with a pounding heart are electrified - but positively. "Eustress" is what scientists call this form of tension, which is experienced as quite pleasant - in contrast to "distress", the negative experience of stress. But things only get tricky when people are constantly energized.
Recognizing stress - disturbed sleep and gummy bear addictionBut how do you even recognize stress? Stress researchers have defined four different levels with typical symptoms that can be used to pinpoint possible stress.
On the cognitive level (perception) there are typical symptoms such as concentration and memory disorders, restricted perception, absent-mindedness, negative thinking (constant worrying, brooding) or difficulties in making decisions.
On the psychological level, stress is reflected quickly: Those who are stressed react irritably and aggressively or - depending on their predisposition - also lack energy, lack of drive or tearful. Typical signs of the overpowering pressure are also inner restlessness, hyperbole, feelings of exhaustion, burnout (burn-out syndrome) or even anxiety disorders.
The body warns in its own way. Many people feel stressed about their stomach. This ranges from loss of appetite or gummy bear addiction to heartburn, stomach pressure and indigestion and gastric ulcer. In addition, people who are stressed have higher cholesterol levels and are more likely to suffer from high blood pressure. In extreme cases, there is a risk of a heart attack. Stress also weakens the immune system - cold sores bloom or the stress victim is more prone to flu, runny nose, etc.
At the behavioral level, stress manifests itself with typical symptoms. Stressed people develop "tics": They constantly tap their feet, drum their fingers on the table, adjust their collars or ties, or keep clearing their throat. The risk of breakdowns and accidents increases, they show compulsive behavior, reduce tension through overactivity or distract themselves with other things. This includes excessive consumer behavior or work. It is also typical to resort to quick stress relievers such as cigarettes, coffee, alcohol and sweets - consumption increases considerably under stress.
Here it is important to recognize the signs in good time and to pull the "emergency brake" - before the stress has a damaging effect on body and soul. Regular preventive medical checkups reveal whether diseases are emerging or have already manifested themselves. Those who recognize the warning signals and take them seriously can take countermeasures before body and soul no longer participate.
Stress classics - exams and boredomStress is usually a question of personality. What one person takes completely loosely is pure stress for the other. In general, one can only say that negative stress always begins where a person is overwhelmed instead of challenged. Of course there are also the stress classics. This includes test situations of all kinds - whereby the driver's license test, for example, is perceived quite differently. In addition, anger of all stripes - from neighborhood disputes to relationship crises, unsolved problems, fears, but also monotony. Current research shows that routine and boredom are also serious stress factors.
Live stress-free?Excluding stress completely from your life - that doesn't work and basically nobody wants that either. Wouldn't that mean sinking into boredom? But you can disengage yourself from the stress spiral. There are many ways to do this. For example, setting priorities, saying goodbye to perfectionism, making it clear what is really important and putting other, less important things aside in a relaxed manner. This also includes changing the perspective. Some quickly find that they do not need, be or have to have everything that they consider essential. It is important to become more self-confident and, above all, to take things with a sense of humor. Laughter is the best medicine. And nothing dissolves the stress more effectively - if you please.
Date: January 21, 2011
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