What seafood is haram in Islam

Is sushi halal or haram?

I recently got an interesting report on a Sushi chain read in Malaysia. This got the sushi from the government halal get certified. A clever and at the same time very modern move. After all, Muslims make up 60% of the total population in Malaysia.

Also in Germany the demand for Halal products increases. Proof of this was the first Halal fair planned for this year in Hanover. Unfortunately, this was canceled due to the pandemic (1).

Big manufacturers like Nestlé, Dr. Oetker and Haribo already have Halal products on offer.

In addition, many are also interested non-muslim people for halal products. In addition to food, these are often cosmetic items.

What does halal mean?

“Halal” can be translated as “permitted” in German.

The Arabic word refers to food, objects and actions that are permitted under Islamic law.

The opposite is “haram”, which means “forbidden”.

These include, among other things Pork, alcohol and drugs.

Within the European Union is the The term “halal” is not protected by food law. As a result, there are a multitude of different Halal seals on the market. In the Certification ofThere are n products no uniform standards (2).

Many consumers are confused and unsure of what is really in a food. Therefore, if you have any questions, it is best to contact the manufacturer directly.

Well, let's get to the sushi. I was only aware of the basic distinction between halal and haram. So I did some research on the internet to find out what to look for in sushi.

The various Islamic schools interpret the historical sources differently. Therefore I ask you to ask questions in your religious community if you are uncertain.

In this post you can find out which Fish for sushi halal are. I will also show you some ingredients and side dishes that can be haram in sushi.

(Sushi) fish halal

For a fish to be halal according to the Islamic view, two conditions must be met:

  • the fish must be killed out of the water. Killing on the boat and thus on the water is permitted.
  • the fish must have scales.

In contrast to meat, the slaughter of the fish by a Muslim is not a necessary criterion. Sushi is often made with raw fish. This is also fine.

  • tuna
  • mackerel
  • Halibut
  • Salmon (wild and farmed salmon)

(Sushi) fish haram

The forbidden fish include:

  • eel
  • Shark
  • Pangasius
  • monkfish
  • Octopus
  • whale

The eel is particularly controversial because it has small scales.

Is seafood halal?

Seafood is haram. These include, for example Oysters, crabs and clams.

Only Prawns, crabs and shrimp are allowed.


Mirin is a japanese rice wine. Some cooks use it for Preparation of sushi rice. Mirin contains alcohol. Hence this sushi is haram.

Therefore, if anything is unclear, you should rather ask in the restaurant.

Often sushi rice is made with rice vinegar. This sushi is halal.

soy sauce

Soy sauce is one of them alongside ginger and wasabi popular addition to sushi. A sushi bar without soy sauce is actually inconceivable.

In the manufacture of many soy sauces come soybeans, water, salt and alcohol for use. These soy sauces are haram.

Tamari is a gluten-free soy sauce. I already have this in mine Post how to eat gluten-free sushi, presented.

Kikkoman has recently started labeling its Tamari as halal.

Many other sauces can be made with the help of soy sauce or rice wine. These can then contain alcohol and are haram. For example the well-known Teriyaki sauce

Therefore, you should avoid Uramaki garnished with sauces.


At Surimiit is an imitation crab meat.

This can be made from a variety of fish and seafood. The fish is first chopped up and then made into a paste.

Due to the lack of transparency and the seafood it contains, I classify surimi as haram.

Even more sushi knowledge:


So whether sushi is halal depends above all on that used sushi rice from. Since rice vinegar is often used in its production, most types of sushi are allowed.

When it comes to fish, you have to pay particular attention to whether the Fish carries scales. These include, for example, popular fish such as tuna or salmon.

So a lot of sushi classics are halal. There is also a lot of delicious sushi with vegetables. These include, for example, avocado or kappa maki.

Here you get mine detailed guide to the different types of sushi.

Often soy sauce is made with the help of alcohol. Therefore, you have to be careful here and, if in doubt, ask the waiter.

There is a lot of confusion on this subject. Therefore likes to share this post on social media. I am also looking forward to your comments in the comments.