Should women be empowered

Goal 5:

"A society in which girls and young women can reach their full intellectual, social and political potential is at the same time a safe, healthy and prosperous society."

Julia Gillard, Former Prime Minister of Australia


Gender equality is advancing in the world. Women in particular are gaining more and more rights and are living more and more self-determined. Nevertheless, around every sixth woman in a relationship has experienced physical or sexual violence from her partner. Almost half of women who are married or in a partnership state that they are not free to choose their sex life or the use of contraception and health services. They are dependent on their partner and are not allowed to make free decisions.

Female circumcision is also still a problem around the world. Although this practice is predominantly limited to around 30 countries, around every third woman is affected there.

In some countries women do not enjoy legal protection either, as there are no laws against discrimination or violence against women. There they have no chance of escaping discrimination, violence and exploitation.

Furthermore, women spend three times as much time as men looking after children or old people and doing housework. They don't get paid for it, which means they have less time to work and educate. Women often lose their independence and are financially dependent on other people.

At the same time, there are more and more women in leadership positions and parliaments worldwide. Every fourth member of national parliaments worldwide is a woman, and around 27 percent of management positions worldwide are held by women.

How is the situation in Germany?

In Germany, the unadjusted gender pay gap was 19% in 2019. This means that the average salary per hour worked by women is around a fifth lower than the average salary per hour worked by men. Although women study just as frequently and are just as highly qualified as men, only slightly less than one in three management positions is occupied by women (out of 105 companies defined by the study). Even in the current German Bundestag, only almost every third member is a woman.

Women often suffer from disadvantages in everyday life, because it is more difficult for mothers to find a job. Often they also earn less than their male colleagues or female colleagues without children. In addition, some everyday hygiene articles are taxed more heavily for women than daily necessities for men.


© Federal Statistical Office / DESTATIS

More information:

Sustainable Development Goals, 2020 Report, United Nations

Sustainable Development in Germany, Indicator Report 2021, Destatis

Indicators of the UN sustainability goals, data for Germany, Destatis

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