Which leads to people having big teeth

Misalignment of the jaw - medical experts

Jaw misalignment - when the jaws don't fit together

The jaw misalignment is one of the Dysgnathias. This term is used to summarize the misalignment and development of individual teeth, the jaw and the chewing system. In some cases of jaw misalignment, no treatment is necessary and the person concerned can live with it without major problems. In other cases, however, it must be corrected in order to ensure the full functionality of the jaw.

The different types of jaw misalignment

In a healthy jaw are the teeth symmetrical arranged. It should be not a great distance between your teeth, but they should be too do not overlap each other. Both jaws are accurate same sizeso that the corresponding teeth are superimposed when the mouth is closed. However, this ideal case rarely applies. Just about a person of 20 has such an ideal set of teeth. With all others, individual teeth can be wrong, or the entire jaw is misaligned. The various jaw misalignments include:

  • Crossbite: In the case of a crossbite, the lateral teeth of the lower jaw lie in front of the teeth of the upper jaw when they clench. This is by far the most common jaw misalignment. It can also only affect individual teeth.
  • Open bite: This creates gaps when closing between the front teeth of the dentition due to an incorrect development.
  • Overbite: An overbite is characterized by jaws of different sizes. Either the upper jaw is too big or the lower jaw is too small. That is why the teeth of the upper jaw lie in front of the teeth of the lower jaw.
  • Overshot: The undershot is the opposite of an overbite. Here, too, the jaws are of different sizes, but the lower jaw is larger than the upper jaw. That is why the teeth of the lower jaw are in front of those of the upper jaw when the dentition is closed.
  • Deep bite or cover bite: With this misalignment, the teeth of the upper jaw are too steep. Therefore, when clenching, they cover a large part of the teeth of the lower jaw.

Causes of jaw misalignment

A jaw misalignment can be both hereditary as well as through external influences have arisen. The lower jaw is more likely to be shaped by hereditary influences, whereas the upper jaw is also influenced by habits. For example, can Thumb sucking or frequent and prolonged sucking promote jaw misalignment on poorly shaped bottle nipples. However, there are also a few complex diseasesthat lead to changes in the teeth and jaw misalignment. This includes:

Symptoms of a misaligned jaw

A misaligned jaw can cause problems with chewing. The ideal symmetrical arrangement of the teeth is important so that the food can be chopped up. A misaligned jaw can make chewing difficult.

But the deformity can also Muscle tension trigger. These then mostly affect the jaw joint, the shoulder or neck area. In addition, it can be too a headache and Difficulty concentrating come.

In addition, a misaligned jaw can affect breathing. This is usually done mostly through the nose. However, if the mouth cannot be closed completely due to a misaligned jaw, this leads to increased Mouth breathing. This increases the Susceptibility to infection.

Treatment of jaw misalignment

For the treatment of jaw misalignments, either the dentist or a orthodontist responsible. But not every misalignment has to be treated orthodontically. This is only the case if it has an impact on the chewing function, the health or the appearance of the person.

Measures to correct jaw misalignment can already be taken in childhood. These are most useful between ages nine and thirteen years. During this period, the jaw growth is not yet complete and the teeth have already been changed. In some serious cases, however, the treatment may begin with the deciduous teeth, for example in severe cases of a cross bite or an open bite.

Treatment options

A jaw misalignment can, for example, be caused by a braces be resolved. A distinction is made between so-called loose and fixed braces. Both are a dental device that is used to straighten the jaw misalignment. The fixed braces remains in the patient's mouth for the entire duration of the treatment and cannot be removed from him. A loose braces however, it can be inserted and removed by the patient and is usually only worn for a certain period of time during the day. In this form of treatment, the cooperation of the person affected is particularly important. If the patient does not wear the loose braces regularly, there will be no improvement.

Another way to correct a jaw misalignment is one surgery. However, this option is usually only available for Adult considered with severe malpositions. Because here braces can no longer do much. Although it can correct individual tooth misalignments, it no longer has any influence on the incorrect position of the jaw. The surgery for a jaw misalignment is common lengthy and complex, as work is only carried out inside the oral cavity in order to avoid scars on the face. The person concerned is put under anesthesia during the operation. Then be various bone parts removed and replaced if necessary.