Is 14 years old a teenager

Young people are at the center of this year's Municipal Summer Talks. But what is it that makes this group so special? Who are “the youngsters” anyway? The Kommunalnet editorial team has scoured numerous studies and can now give you specific answers based on the figures.

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22.4 percent of Austrians fall into the group of young people.

From what age group are you young?

The age at which one is considered a young person varies greatly from organization to organization. While the UN General Assembly describes people between the ages of 15 and 25 (according to this definition, teenagers are between 13 and 19, young adults between 20 and 24 years of age) as “teenagers”, the well-known “Shell Study” assumes one Age between twelve and 25 years. While you used to be considered an adult at the age of 18, today's 18-year-olds do not face the full seriousness of life. The phase of life “youth” marks an extended period of transition, which is not least extended by the extended periods of training. The youthful phase begins at 11, 12 or 13 years of age, when those affected do not want to be children themselves, but rather young people. With the longer duration of financial dependency, the end of the youthful phase is delayed longer and longer.

In the more recent research studies, people are considered adolescents when they are between 11 and 29 years old. According to this standard, there are currently 1.9 million young people - that is 22.4 percent of the population. 971,604 of the young people are male, 936,136 are female.

Wide spread with the highest degrees

In 2011, 16 percent of 25 to 29 year olds had completed compulsory schooling as their highest level of education. The largest group is made up of those who have completed an apprenticeship (30%). Nine percent have an AHS degree, twelve percent have a BMS degree and 14 percent have a BHS degree. 16 percent of this age group have graduated from university or a technical college.

The country of most young smokers

A healthy lifestyle is not one of the main priorities of teenagers in Austria, because Austria is the country with the most teenagers who smoke. A quarter of 15-year-olds smokes at least once a week. This is number one among the 34 OECD countries. The threshold for alcohol is also low: 31 percent of girls and 39 percent of boys aged 15 have been drunk at least twice (10th place among OECD countries).

Whether or not the influence of alcohol is to blame: In 2013, 21 percent of those convicted in court were teenagers - almost 4,000 teenagers between the ages of 14 and 17 and 7,100 young adults between 18 and 20 years of age.

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Although young people do not particularly value politics, more than 50 percent are interested in political events.

Politics has little effect on young people

For 81 percent of young people, the family is the most important area of ​​life, for 71 percent friends. Politics and religion bring up the rear in the ranking. School and training are important for around half of them.

Although politics is rather unimportant in everyday life for most young people, 54 percent say they are interested in politics. However, 73.8 percent trust the political parties little or not at all. 87 percent of those questioned rate the democratic system as “very good” or “fairly good”. In addition, the adolescents and young adults would like more opportunities to participate. A democratic political system, in which the citizens are included in the form of referendums on all important issues, is approved by 78 percent.

Where do young people get their information about politics from?

Television is still the primary source of political information (70%). Second place was taken by newspapers / magazines (60%) and third place by radio (47%). Interestingly, Internet sites from TV, magazines and radio only ranked fourth (35%). The least interesting for young people are political blogs (7%) and blogs by politicians (4%).

Favorite leisure activities: Listening to music and surfing the Internet

After reading “Children of the Crisis” by Beate Grossegger, we know that young people withdraw into their own private world. It is therefore particularly interesting what they like to do in this free time. According to the Upper Austrian youth study from 2014, it is most often to listen to music (70%). Surfing the Internet follows in second place with a difference of one percent. It is encouraging that visits from friends or relatives come in third place (68%). The parties only come in fifth place (63%). At least 50 percent of Upper Austrian young people like to go to the cinema (9th place). In tenth place comes first to do sports (45%). Telephoning is just as popular as sport. Reading is in the lower places: Reading a book only manages 21st place (27%), reading newspapers in 29th place (14%) and reading magazines and magazines even ranks last and is only eleven percent of the time Popular with teenagers in the 14-22 age group.

Youth centers wanted, but rarely visited

The result of the Upper Austrian youth study on youth centers should also be of interest to all municipalities: For 62 percent of 14 to 18-year-olds, a youth center in their own municipality is important, but 72 percent of young people who have a youth center nearby stated that they rarely or never visit it. After all, 18 percent visit it at least once a week. The remaining ten percent said they went at least once a month.

According to the survey, youth centers are most important for young people in communities with more than 10,000 inhabitants, the least “very important” information came from young people from communities with less than 2,000 inhabitants.