Why is hatred inevitable

Immediately after September 11, 2001, American President George W. Bush called for a "crusade" against terrorism. Everyone knew that this terrorism came from the Islamic world. The President didn't have to say it. His word, which was also perceived as political foolishness in Washington, was soon deleted from the official vocabulary. Since then, it has largely disappeared from public memory - in the West. But it is not forgotten among Muslims.

Through its military implementation in Afghanistan, Iraq, Yemen and Pakistan, it was confirmed daily in the consciousness of those affected and their co-religionists during the following years. Although the Germans and French, in contrast to the British and Americans, see themselves less and less as Christian peoples, on the other hand not only fanatics see in the technically superior opponents the modern heirs of the crusaders, Christians who fight Islam.

The willingness to react violently to abuse of one's own sanctuaries or to the degradation of one's identity, even if they come from an unqualified source, has become incalculable.

Although blasphemy does not appear in the Koran or in the tradition of the actions and sayings of the Prophet, Islamic jurisprudence, the Sharia, has solidified the term. First and foremost, God and his prophet and his family are protected. It is forbidden to speak of them in a disparaging form or to depict them in pictures. Classic miniatures in Islamic manuscripts have circumvented the ban on images by covering up or leaving out the face of Muhammad.

Mohammed only as a shadow

In the film "The Message" (1977) about the emergence of Islam, which did not cause offense anywhere in the Islamic world, only the shadow of Muhammad could be seen. Not even his voice could be heard. On the other hand, a 2007 fatwa (belief) by a legal scholar condemned a teacher for allowing her class to name a teddy bear Mohammed. Unrest in Sudan was the result. More than 100 people were killed in protests against the controversial Danish caricatures of the Prophet in 2005 and 2006.

The case of the writer Salman Rushdie is best known. After his "Satanic Verses" appeared, the Iranian revolutionary leader Ruhollah Khomeini declared him outlawed in 1988. Under Reform President Mohammed Khatami, the Tehran leadership announced that the fatwa would no longer be carried out. Now, in the wake of the storm on the American consulate in Benghazi, a religious organization in Tehran has increased the head premium on Rushdie by half a million to 3.3 million dollars.

Both believers and unbelievers can become blasphemers according to Islamic jurisprudence. Attacks on beliefs or beliefs can be blasphemy, whether verbatim or in writing. The desecration or burning of a Koran, as it is sometimes done by religious weirdos in the USA, are considered particularly serious. When it became known that copies of the Koran had been burned, allegedly by mistake, at the US base in Bagram near Kabul, 30 people were killed in unrest across Afghanistan.