How is Colombia as a country


Presidential Republic
independent since 1810


South America


1,141,749 km²

Local name:





Colombia is a country in northernmost South America with connections to the Pacific and the Caribbean. The land has a total area of ​​1,141,749 km² and a total coastline of 3,208 km. This land mass is roughly 3.2 times the size of Germany. This makes Colombia one of the largest countries in America and the 26th largest country in the world. It is at an average altitude of 593 meters above sea level.

The country has around 270 islands, some of which are uninhabited. There are direct national borders with the 5 neighboring countries Brazil, Ecuador, Panama, Peru and Venezuela. The distance between Berlin and the capital Bogota is approximately 9,440 km.

Current time in Colombia:


May 2021

The countrywide time in Colombia is Colombia Time (COT). Unlike in Germany, however, there is no summer time here. So there is a time difference of -6 hours in winter. In summer, however, the time difference is -7 hours.
Sunrise + sunset
The currency in Colombia is the Colombian Peso (COP).
1 peso is divided into 100 centavos.
Status: May 18, 2021

1 euro = 4,484.00 peso
10,000 pesos = 2.23 euros

The climate in Colombia

In Colombia, as in all equatorial countries, there is a tropical climate. There is no difference between the seasons as there is in Central Europe. The length of the day hardly fluctuates and the temperature differences between summer and winter are also smaller. The average maximum daily temperatures are between 29 and 30 degrees, depending on the season. In some parts of the country, the values ​​can reach up to 37 degrees during the day. In the colder months, depending on the region, the temperature drops down to 21 ° C in the monthly mean.

Average day and night temperatures


National language:




According to the definition of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Colombia is one of the developing countries due to its economic performance.

Land use

3% urban areas:36,132 km²
40% agriculture:459,668 km²
53% forests:602,044 km²
0% water surface:32,249 km²
4% other areas:43,904 km²



Road network:206,500 km
Rail network:2,141 km
Waterways:24,725 km
Commercial ports:115

The main cities

Political indicators

(Based on the World Bank's "Worldwide Governance Indicators" project)

Political stability:

Rule of law:


Regulatory quality:

Freedom of speech:

Death penalty:abolished in 1910

Existing trade agreements