What to expect female Muslims in paradise

Heaven for Muslims: men get virgins - and women?

Germany has been discussing the headscarf again for a good week. With a lot of emotion and often little idea. It's about children's rights and integration, about principle and about populism.
And of course about religion: Islam experts have shown that from a theological point of view small children certainly do not need a cloth. And that not all but many Muslims think that a grown woman should hide her hair from the eyes of strangers.
The HuffPost editorial team has therefore asked itself what a good Muslim woman, from a theological point of view, actually benefits from if she leads a godly life.
Everyone has heard of the virgins who are supposed to wave to the lords in Paradise. But what about the ladies?

Wine, women and servants in heaven

In Islam heaven is described as a place “where things that are already known from earth are much better. Or where there are things that cannot be found here, ”says Jörg Imran Schröter, junior professor for Islamic theology in Karlsruhe, of the HuffPost.
“For example, there is wine in heaven. The only difference is that you don't get dropouts and hangovers like you do on earth - and that's why wine is allowed there. "
In Islam, sex is considered joy in the marital framework on earth as well. In heaven it should then be even more beautiful.
“That is why men have eternal virgins by their side. In other words, women who never get old, ”says Schröter.
There are symbolic reasons why there is often talk of 72 virgins. Even 60 is considered a number that stands for perfection. "If there are twelve more, then that stands for over-perfection."
The ladies should also have fun: “Women, on the other hand, get beautiful ones Aside the boys who serve them”Says Schröter. Whether this is also to be understood sexually is not clear from the sources.
Before anyone thinks of heavenly orgies, however, they should consider that all these pleasures and comforts, according to Schröter not to be taken literally are. Theology could not describe heaven concretely, but only use language images.
This means that the much-quoted virgins are not women who have not yet had sex, but represent pure women whose company is wonderful.
Theology also finds it difficult to describe heaven because everyone finds something different to be beautiful. “One likes sweets, the next salty and so on,” says Schröter.

To hell with sinners - at least a little

In the case of hell, which also exists according to the Muslim idea, it is easier: “What hurts is clear and universal. There is talk of extreme heat and cold, of fire and ice. "
How long sinners then burn in hell is controversial among theologians. "There were early Islamic scholars who said that hell could not be forever because it contradicted the mercy of God."

The big decision: the Last Judgment

Before eternal bliss, eternal party, eternal happiness, or hell, in Islam, as in Christianity, stands the Last Judgment with God as judge.
“According to Islamic teaching, every person is accompanied by two angels throughout their life. The angel sitting on the right shoulder writes down all good deeds. The angel who sits on the left shoulder, all bad, ”says Schröter.
God then put all the good and bad deeds that the angels recorded on a scale. It is an image that has been used in connection with justice in western cultures since ancient times.
However, according to the Muslim view, the scales alone do not decide on the ticket to heaven or hell. God can also show grace - “He is not called the Merciful for nothing”.

There is no shortcut to paradise - except for children

The Bavarian Imam Benjamin Idriz has already stated in the HuffPost that wearing a headscarf - if it is considered necessary at all - is not one of the most important duties of a Muslim woman anyway.
And even extreme acts are not a ticket to heaven if you listen to Schröter. "Anyone who dies as a martyr therefore by no means comes directly to paradise."
Extremists claim so. But, according to Schröter, they are forgetting something essential, a so-called qudsi hadith, which is not considered the word of a prophet but rather the word of God and is therefore almost as important as the Koran.
“In this hadith something is made very clear: A jihadist stood before God on the day of judgment and said that he went to battle for God.
God said he did not go to battle for him, only for his glory. The jihadist was dragged to hell like a washcloth. "
Incidentally, that does not mean that anyone who murders with the best of intentions goes to heaven because of it. “Even murder for the faith always collides with the rights of the other and is only allowed for defense,” says Schröter. The regulation arose during the existential threat to the Mediners from the Meccans.
There is only one group in Islam that actually goes to heaven automatically: children. Because unlike Christianity, Islam does not know any original sin.

When the register of sins is long and repentance is great

If you want to go to heaven as a Muslim, you should make an effort all your life. Cheating is not possible because of the angels.
There is also no confession in which a kind of pastor could forgive sins on behalf of God. Believing Muslims have to deal that directly with God.
What helps: the Hajj, the pilgrimage to Mecca. According to Islamic teachings, anyone who makes a pilgrimage there can become as innocent as a child again. The emphasis is on can: Hajj, says Schröter, is to be understood as repentance and inner conversion.
Then maybe something will happen to all the virgins and the servants after all. Eternal happiness.