Why does a yeast infection itch

Vaginal fungus / Candida infections / vaginal mycosis / vaginal fungus

A vaginal fungus, also known as vaginal mycosis, is a gynecological fungal infection in which a mostly harmless colonization of the vagina with yeasts (in over 90% of cases Candida albicans) causes symptoms of the immune system. Yeasts find good living conditions in the warm, moist environment of the vagina and in the vicinity of the lactic acid bacteria and are very often found in the vagina of healthy women if the vagina is under the influence of estrogens. However, the presence of the yeast does not necessarily lead to symptoms. Typical complaints such as itching in the genital area, burning, redness and a crumbly discharge (fluorine) occur when the organism is predisposed accordingly. This can be promoted when the body's own immune system is impaired - for example due to stress or other underlying diseases. An intact vaginal environment also depends on the hormonal situation of the woman (point in time in the cycle, age), on her general state of health and on external factors such as diet, hygiene and medication intake (e.g. antibiotics).

About every fifth woman - every third woman in the case of pregnant women - of childbearing age is colonized by yeast in the vagina. Girls before puberty and women after menopause, on the other hand, are affected less often, as the fungi find a less favorable vaginal environment here. In more than 85% of cases, the pathogen is the widespread yeast fungus Candida albicans: 20-50% of adults carry it around in their mouth and digestive tract. From there, the vagina and the external genital area, the vulva, are often colonized.

Usually you can get an acute fungal disease under control within a few days. Treatment is carried out with the help of antifungal agents (antimycotics) in the form of creams, suppositories or tablets.

Since itching and discharge can also be the result of a bacterial disorder (bacterial vaginosis) or trichomoniasis, a gynecologist should always be consulted to clarify the actual cause. As long as the trigger for the complaints has not been clarified, self-treatment with over-the-counter products is not recommended. Studies have shown that a self-diagnosis by the patient was wrong in at least two thirds of the cases!

Important instructions

Please go to the gynecologist if you have any complaints and

  • You are not sure whether it is actually a yeast infection.
  • a yeast infection occurs for the first time.
  • You are pregnant.
  • the symptoms do not subside or even get worse after three days at the latest, despite self-treatment.
  • You have a yeast infection more than four times a year.
  • You have fever, pain or bloody discharge.