Are Indian engineers employable

Improving the employability and income opportunities of disadvantaged population groups

Brief description of the project

Description: Peace building by improving the employability and income opportunities of marginalized population groups in Timor Leste
Client: Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Country: Timor Leste
Lead executing agency: State Secretariat for Vocational Training and Employment
Total duration: 2017 to 2020

initial situation

Many adolescents and young adults in Timor Leste have difficulties finding access to the job market. This is especially true for people from rural, remote regions and for women. Vocational training opportunities are still being developed and employment opportunities are limited. In addition, the young people usually lack the professional orientation and social skills required by employers.


Young, disadvantaged people in rural areas of Timor Lestes have better access to the employment market. This contributes to securing peace in the country.


The project is involved in four fields of action in order to achieve its objectives:

  • Improvement of the counseling offers for young people through further development of the centers for professional orientation and job placement
  • Improvement and expansion of job market-oriented training offers by promoting social skills in new forms of teaching
  • Initiation and moderation of intergenerational dialogues in order to improve the mutual understanding of young and old for their respective living environments and future prospects
  • Advising political decision-makers on the design and implementation of youth, labor market and training policy.

The project supports local actors in the municipalities of Lautem and Viqueque in these areas. As pilot measures, these develop new approaches for accompanying young people in their transition from school to work and implement them.

The starting point for all activities is the needs of the target groups, in consultation with local institutions such as employment agencies, schools and youth centers. The improvement of communication between these actors through the establishment of dialogue platforms creates the prerequisites for an integrated training and career guidance system. Social skills are not addressed directly and in isolation, but are part of various teacher training courses and activities. The program at the youth centers will be expanded and, like the school curricula, supplemented by extracurricular activities. The “Intergenerational Dialogue” concept brings young and old into conversation and provides the basis for a wealth of other activities that local actors plan and carry out.

All activities are planned and implemented in close cooperation with employees of the State Secretariat for Vocational Education and Employment, the Ministry of Education, youth centers and other relevant institutions. The project supports the partners through the use of two development workers. To improve the advisory services for young people, the project is supported by the consulting company GFA.


In advanced training courses, teachers have become familiar with participatory teaching methods that incorporate social and conflict-solving skills, and they integrate what they have learned into their lessons. Practical teaching based on the Timorese reality of life, for example in natural science subjects, is also a topic of teacher training and is intended to enrich the theory-heavy curriculum.

Local actors such as employment agencies, training institutions, youth centers and church organizations regularly exchange information about their activities and pass on information about training offers and career and work opportunities to the young people with whom they work.

Employees and consultants at the employment agencies have started to tailor their orientation offers for young people looking for work to the needs of the labor market and specific job profiles.

Youth workers are familiar with the concept of intergenerational dialogue and can design corresponding dialogue processes.


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