Is Thai a difficult language to write

Thai syllables always begin with an initial consonant AK. If a word is to begin with a vowel sound, the vowel is "supported" by an inaudible consonant. This is also true in the literal sense of vowels written above consonants. After the AK, vowels V and / or final consonants EK can follow. In addition, there are tone and special characters Z, which determine the speaking tone, but are themselves inaudible.

The following types of syllables are possible:

  1. AK
  2. AK + V
  3. AK + V + Z
  4. AK + V + EK
  5. AK + V + Z + EK
  6. AK + EK
  7. AK + Z + EK

Both AK and EK can consist of double consonants. When referred to in the following, they are referred to as DAK and DEK. There is a separate article on the properties of double consonants. Knowing about their specifics is important for understanding the following examples.

Syllable type 1

afterwards, afterwardsShorthand for เก้าะ. It is a defined exception and there is no other word that does so.
from (place), fromis z. B. used in names. The family name ณ อยุธยา not only means "from Ayutthaya", it is also a symbol of royal descent.

I deliberately refrained from showing AK + Z separately in the first example, as there is only this one word.


Syllable type 2

Kindness Expression (Particle) 
walkEven if the vowel is written first, the order AK + V is correct for both the pronunciation and the syllable type.
islandEven if three vowel characters are written here, it is still only a single vowel.
tight, heavyPreceding HO HIP only affects the tone (wrong cluster)
mousePreceding HO HIP only affects the tone (wrong cluster)
desirePreceding O ANG only affects the tone (wrong cluster)
--Exception handling for this prefix!


Syllable type 3

Kindness Expression (Particle) 
probably, probably 
facePreceding HO HIP only affects the tone (wrong cluster, see double consonants IV)
more thanDAK as a true cluster (can be pronounced together)
desireTrue cluster. Vowel signs in front of the DAK, tone signs on the second consonant.
to forbidPreceding O ANG only affects the tone (wrong cluster)
then, thenWrong cluster (see double consonants II). The tone sign is above the second consonant


Syllable type 4

along with) 
Flower sheath 
bedVowel combinations consisting of several characters always count as a single vowel. There are no double or multiple vowels in Thai.
parkLeading consonant conditionally two-syllable pronunciation.
Hall, corridorLeading consonant conditionally two-syllable pronunciation. Vowel signs to be written in front of a consonant move in front of the DAK, the rest of a vowel combination behind the DAK.
ThanksgivingFor a word with DEK รถ or รท, the RO RUE is not pronounced.
ocean Leading consonant conditionally two-syllable pronunciation. DEK (see double consonants VI) with a silent ร at the end.


Syllable type 5

definitely, sure, firmly 
PedestalWrong cluster (see double consonants II). The tone sign is above the second consonant
understand, knowWrong cluster (see double consonants II). Changed pronunciation.


Syllable type 6

frogAn unwritten short "o" is inserted as a vowel.
arrowA long "ô" is inserted in a syllable without a vowel that ends in RO RUE. RO RUE is always pronounced as "n" at the end of the syllable.
roadLeading consonant conditionally two-syllable pronunciation.


Syllable type 7

to shipAn unwritten short "o" is inserted as a vowel.
Tree, bossAn unwritten short "o" is inserted as a vowel.


Words in which parts of the word are muted with GARAN were not taken into account on this page, because this is only about syllables.







Syllables in the Thai language
A syllable represents the smallest group of sounds in the natural flow of speech. It is a unit of one or more consecutive sounds that can be pronounced in one go. Unlike in German, where a spelling syllable corresponds exactly to a spoken syllable, there are also syllables in Thai that are spoken as two syllables. For Thai it is therefore necessary to distinguish between written and spoken syllables. All examples listed on this page contain only one writing syllable each, but can have two spoken syllables.