Will religion replace science?

Belief and science

The end of religion seemed as good as sealed. But in the young 21st century, belief is evidently experiencing a renaissance. Surveys show: The search for God and the "meaning of life" is playing a role again for more and more people.

At the same time, new research areas are emerging, such as neurotheology. This relatively young discipline tries to explain religious phenomena with methods of brain research. But the question of God remains unanswered. And there is no end in sight to the old dispute over body-soul dualism.

Many researchers go in search of the biological roots of belief. For the religious scholar Michael Blume from the University of Heidelberg there is much to be said for understanding spirituality and piety as "beneficial" results of evolution. The philosopher Franz Wuketits from the University of Vienna and the theologian Richard Schröder from the Humboldt University in Berlin show that this thesis can be argued about in a conversation about the consequences of the theory of evolution for our worldview.

It is obvious: Statements about the existence or non-existence of God as well as transcendent phenomena in general cannot be derived from neurological and biological research results. Nevertheless, they do help to better understand why, even in the age of rational science, we still care so much about religious rituals and spiritual experiences.