Did Mary die in the Bible

On the feast of St. Mary Magdalene on July 22nd: what was she now? Sinful penitent? The first among the disciples of Jesus? Maybe even the Savior's Beloved. No woman in the Bible has given rise to so much speculation and legend.

What does the name Maria Magdalena mean?

Maria is the Greek form of the Hebrew name Miriam (or Mirjam), which translates as "bitterness" or "sorrow". It probably got its nickname after its hometown Magdala - today's Migdal in Israel, about ten kilometers from Capernaum, the place where Jesus worked and lived.

What does the Scriptures say about Mary Magdalene?

She joined Jesus as a disciple after He had freed her from possession (Lk 8: 2). Mary Magdalene was one of the women who followed Christ and took care of himself and the disciples (Lk 8: 3). She went with them to Jerusalem, but did not flee like the other disciples, but stayed with the crucifixion and death of Jesus, wept at the grave, helped with the burial (Mt 27). She discovered the empty tomb on Easter morning (Mk 16: 1-5, Jn 20: 1). After Mary Magdalene had reported this to the disciples, she was the first to meet the risen One and gave her the message of the resurrection to the disciples (Jn 20: 11-18): "I have seen the Lord."

What other reports are there about the saint?

Even the writings that are not part of the biblical canon, the Apocrypha, tell of Maria Madalena. In the Gospel of Philip, Mary Magdalene is referred to as the consort of Jesus. However, this passage is only partially preserved. The Thomas Gospel tells of a sharp argument between Simon Peter and Mary Magdalene, in which Jesus takes their side. The Gospel of Mary, ascribed to her, with dialogues between the risen Christ and his disciples was probably written around 160. According to this, Mary Magdalene has a special trust in the Savior and knows special revelations. In the Pistis Spohia, one of the most important Coptic Gnostic texts, Mary Magdalene is the outstanding discussion partner in the doctrinal conversations of Jesus, which the Scriptures contain. In fact, she is represented there as the only one who understood Jesus' teaching during the lifetime of Jesus.

How was the rest of your life after the ascension of Jesus?

Nothing historically definitive is known about the fate of Mary Magdalene after Jesus' death. Since the 6th century, a tomb of Mary Magdalene has been venerated in Ephesus, an important city in Asia Minor in ancient times, about 70 kilometers south of today's Izmir on the Turkish west coast. The Legenda aurea, the most widespread religious folk book of the late Middle Ages, reports a different tradition: According to it, it was abandoned on a sailless ship, landed in the French fishing village of Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer near Marseille and proselytized in Provence. Her remains were transferred to the monastery in Vézelay in the 9th century. This monastery became a place of pilgrimage from the 11th century.

Why is Mary Magdalene considered to be the epitome of the sinner?

Because Mary Magdalene is named as the first to meet the risen One, she was venerated as an apostle-like in the early Church. In the 3rd century, Hippolytus of Rome founded the honorable name Apostola apostolorum - "Apostle of the Apostles". In the 6th century, however, it was Pope Gregory I who mixed the disciple Mary Magdalene with other figures of the Virgin Mary (or those who remained nameless) in the Holy Scriptures: with the anonymous sinner, the prostitute, who washed Jesus' feet (Lk 7.36- 50) and with Mary of Bethany, who anoints Jesus with precious oil, which Judas considers a waste (Joh, 12,3). Legends of Mary of Egypt are also included. She is a hermit who lives in asceticism to repent for her wrongdoings. The equation of Mary Magdalene with the sinner becomes ever closer. This image has shaped the western church from the Middle Ages to modern times.

What about the “upgrading” of the memory of the Saint?

Last year Pope Francis upgraded Mary Magdalene's day of remembrance to a festival. It is liturgically equated with the apostles. "The first witness and evangelist of the Sunday of the Resurrection, St. Mary Magdalene, has always been viewed with the greatest reverence by the Church in both the West and the East," writes Francis. This is how the Church sees the saint today: a strong woman, witness of the faith, apostle of the apostles. Not a sinner, not a wife of the Savior, as a considerable number of novelists like to put into the room. But Apostoline.

For whom is the saint specially invoked?

Maria Magdalena is the patroness of women, repentant sinners and seduced, children who find it difficult to walk, schoolchildren and students, prisoners, glove makers, wool weavers, comb makers, hairdressers, ointment mixers, lead casters, perfume and powder manufacturers, gardeners, winemakers, and wine merchants , Cooper. She is invoked against eye ailments and plague, against thunderstorms and vermin.

What significance does Maria Magdalena have for the diocese of Hildesheim?

The episcopal city of Hildesheim has been shaped by the Magdalen Order for over 500 years (see below). It is reported that at least in the 14th and 15th centuries there were solemn processions from the cathedral to the Magdalenenkirche, during which relics of St. Magdalena were carried.

How many churches are there in the diocese that are consecrated to the saints?

It actually stayed with one, the same monastery church of the Magdalene Order in Hildesheim. However, St. Magdalenen no longer looks like it did in the days of the monastery. The church was badly hit by bombs in March 1945 and burned down. The restoration in partly simplified form and equipment was completed in 1961.

Rudiger Wala