Can a woman become a customs officer
Civil servant in the upscale customs service - training, dual studies, salary and requirements for customs
Are you looking for a varied job with good future prospects? Then customs would be worth a closer look. What defines the job as a civil servant in the upscale customs service and what qualities interested parties should bring with them is highlighted below.
You may have noticed customs when you arrived at the airport. There the officers in uniform ask randomly whether there is anything to be declared when entering the country, looking for unreported objects or smuggled goods.
But customs is much more than that. In addition to customs clearance in the cross-border movement of people and goods, it is the central revenue and economic administration of the federal government and combats undeclared work and organized crime through controls in road traffic and in companies.
Whether on land, on water or by the side of sniffer dogs, customs is an employer with a wide range of tasks. There are many perspectives, especially when it comes to customs training in the senior service with a dual course of study.
Video about training and occupation as a customs officer in the high service
Salary as a civil servant in the middle customs service
As a civil servant in the higher customs service, earnings are regulated nationwide. Instead of salary, we speak of salary. The level of salary depends on training, career, age and, in some cases, also on performance. The salary groups A 9 to A 13 are used in the upscale customs service.
For the years 2018/2019, the minimum gross earnings as a customs officer in the senior service is 2781.52 euros gross (A 9, 1st income level) and the maximum gross income is 5501.10 euros (A 13, 8th income level). The entire salary table is available here.
Apprenticeship remuneration: A remuneration is already paid during the apprenticeship, the so-called candidate remuneration. As a prospective civil servant in the higher-level customs service, there are currently 1,223.38 euros gross per month (as of 2018). Depending on the marital status, a family allowance is possible on top of this basic income. After successfully completing the training, earnings increase in accordance with grades A 9 to A 13.
Training and dual studies as a civil servant in the middle customs service
In order to become a customs officer in the higher service, you must complete training. To be more precise, a dual course of study. It consists of several study phases at the Education and Science Center (BWZ) in Münster as well as several internships that take place at one of the 42 main training offices.
The customs training takes a total of three years. It concludes with a career test.
Anyone who wants to become a civil servant in the upscale customs service is called a candidate - that's what trainees at customs are called. The degree course “Higher non-technical federal customs service” is studied.
The course is divided into a basic and a main course. The basic course lasts six months and conveys a lot of basic knowledge from the areas of economics and finance, constitutional law, business administration, organization, information processing, pedagogy, psychology and sociology.
In addition, the legal basics of the customs service are taught and foreign language skills are imparted. At the end of the basic course there is an intermediate examination consisting of four written exams. The first internship is then completed.
Back at the university, the main course begins. It is divided into three study sections, which are interrupted by two internships. The main study sections I and II each end with several exams.
The main focus of the main course is business administration, management theory, tax law, consumption tax law, traffic tax law, customs law and public administration accounting. In addition, two additional elective subjects can be taken, for example in the main areas of clearance (e.g. controls at the customs office), services (e.g. reimbursement and waiver of taxes and customs), e-government (electronic processing in public administration) or Control (e.g. financial control of undeclared work, customs investigation).
At the end of the dual study program, the so-called career test is due. It consists of an oral exam and six written exams. If the exam is passed, the academic degree of Diplom-Finanzwirt / in (FH) can be used.
The work in the customs service can begin. The civil servant relationship is initially on a trial basis. If you prove yourself, the civil servant relationship will be extended for life.
Overall, graduates report that the dual study program is well prepared to work as a customs officer. It is specifically designed to convey the application of the respective laws. The lectures are school-like and focused. However, there is not much free time left for a typical student life.
Qualifications and requirements for customs training
For customs training in the senior service, you should have at least a technical college entrance qualification or an educational qualification recognized as equivalent. The Abitur is of course also possible.
Future customs officers can either have German citizenship or the citizenship of another EU member state, Iceland, Liechtenstein or Norway. What is important is the commitment to stand up for the free democratic basic order within the meaning of the German Basic Law at all times.
You should also be clear about whether you are ready to wear a uniform and a weapon and work in shifts. In addition, you should not have a criminal record and live in an orderly economic situation.
Customs are looking for people who are physically fit and healthy, regardless of age and height. Wearers of glasses, the severely disabled and people of equal status are also welcome. Important personal characteristics include:
Contact and communication skills
Ability to work in a team
Goal-oriented work behavior
In the customs service, the focus is on contact with people. That is why a friendly and self-confident demeanor is very important.
Higher service - Customs website
Application for the customs training in the higher service
The application as a civil servant in the senior customs service consists of a letter of application, a tabular curriculum vitae, certified copies of all school leaving certificates and examination certificates and the fully completed and signed Form 5330 (four-page application form).
The application can be submitted either by post or by email. Particular attention is paid to the grades in German and mathematics. Anyone who takes this first hurdle and wins them over with their application will receive a written invitation to the selection process.
The selection process consists of a four-hour written test in which, among other things, language and numerical comprehension and knowledge are tested. If the written examination is passed, an invitation to the oral selection procedure follows. You can put yourself and your skills to the test in group exercises (discussion, role play, short presentation) and in an individual interview.
You should not miss the application deadline for this, after this date you will not be able to apply for the coming year. The application period usually ends on September 30th of each year. As a rule, training begins on August 1st of the following year.
As a rule, applicants receive an invitation to the recruitment test 4-6 weeks after applying.
If you absolutely want to go to customs and, due to school grades, have in mind that you will be rejected in the selection process for the higher service, you can also apply for the customs training in the middle service.
More application tips and tricks!
Trends and perspectives for the job description
The job as a civil servant in the upscale customs service is considered crisis-proof. There are currently around 38,000 civil servants working at customs. More than 12,000 of them in the upper class At 42 percent, the proportion of women in the senior service is higher than for all employed civil servants in the customs administration combined (38 percent). Around 500 new positions are filled every year. The number of applicants exceeds the offer.
The work is varied, with personnel management tasks often pending in the higher-level service. It is possible to specialize and work, for example, on a customs boat or customs ship or as a customs investigator. In addition to the wide range of domestic German deployment options, customs officers are also on the move internationally. For example, in Brexit negotiations in Brussels, in various embassies, with EU accession candidates to help set up a functioning customs administration, or in the context of EU partnerships (known as twinnings).
With the successful civil service at customs, you can of course take further professional development steps. Depending on the area of application, the upscale service offers you the best conditions for this.
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