Any person can live up to the age of 110
Life expectancy: 100 years? Are not age
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Two world wars, world economic crises, sexual revolution, the fall of the Berlin Wall - today's centenarians have seen a lot. Your life experience is precious. Currently only two in 10,000 people worldwide reach their 100th birthday. In the future, however, there will be far more centenariansas the centenarians are called in English. The chances of this are particularly good in western industrialized countries such as Germany.
This is also shown by new calculations by the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research (MPIDR). Researchers created them for the "7 Years Longer" initiative, based on United Nations forecasts. The evaluation of the statistical data strongly suggests that more and more Germans will break the 100-year mark. Women have significantly greater opportunities than men.
The average life expectancy of people has been increasing for decades. Anyone born in the 19th century could consider themselves lucky to be over 50. But with the discovery of vaccines and antibiotics, improved hygiene, technologies such as pacemakers and treatment methods such as dialysis or transplants, it has been possible to extend the time of many people on the planet; Also in Germany.
A woman who is 50 years old today in this country will live to be around 88.2 years old on average - and there is a 13 percent probability that she will celebrate her 100th birthday, the MPIDR study shows. A man of the same age has a life expectancy of 83.4 years. His chance of being 100 years old, however, is only two percent.
The situation is better for newborns: 28 percent of girls who are currently born in Germany and seven percent of newborn boys will live to be at least 100 years old - if the trend of recent decades continues, reports the MPIDR. The average life expectancy for newborn girls is 92.8 years. Newborn boys can expect an average of 87.8 years.Newsletter
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How long will you live? Are your chances of reaching 100 better than your partner's? A calculator that the MPIDR helped to develop shows the average life expectancy and the probability that you will reach 70, 90 or 100 (click here to go to the calculator).
Better health care and healthier lifestyles would help increase life expectancy in Germany, says Sebastian Klüsener, the scientist responsible in a press release. "That is why people die less and less and later from heart and circulatory diseases."
That's good news. Living long is only one aspect, after all. The second is to age healthy and dignified; maybe the decisive one.
What is aging
What is aging
It is still one of the great mysteries of science why and how we age. The decisive factor is probably "oxidative stress"to which the body is permanently exposed: Molecules that arise as a waste product of the metabolism have an aggressive effect on cells and the genetic material DNA. At some point the body cannot keep up with the repair, according to the theory, and cells are destroyed.
The so-called also play an important role Telomereswhich are located at the end of the chromosomes and act as a kind of biological cell clock. Each time a cell divides, they shorten, until at some point they are so short that it can no longer divide - and it ages.
How this can be done is being investigated by age researchers using flies, mice, monkeys and humans. Some want to understand what aging is all about. What is happening to our body? Which processes are going on? And how do they change over time? The idea: if we know how the body ages, the best thing to do is to stop the decline in a targeted manner.
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