What is poverty and corruption

Social situation Poverty and corruption are omnipresent

More than half of the population lives in extreme poverty. The average life expectancy is one of the lowest in the world, it is only 53 years.

The nutritional and health situation of many people is dramatically poor from birth: According to the World Bank (access the lexicon entry for the term) *, on average, every tenth child dies before it turns five. Only around a fifth of the population has access to hygienically safe drinking water, and the majority of residents do not have adequate sanitation. Only about 60 percent of the population are connected to the electricity grid. According to estimates, the illiteracy rate is around 40 percent.

The country's oil wealth only benefits a small elite. Favoring and corruption are part of everyday life. On the Corruption Perceptions Index 2019 (external link) by Transparency International, Nigeria ranks 146th out of 180 countries rated.

Population is growing rapidly

The Nigerian population is currently growing by 2.6 percent annually - around five million people. In the past 30 years it has more than doubled, from 88 million inhabitants in 1987 to around 191 million (2017). The United Nations anticipates a further doubling to 400 million people by the middle of the century.

In view of this population increase, the economic growth of the past few years has by far not been sufficient to achieve sustainable development progress. For the steadily growing young generation, there is little prospect of regular employment, housing or basic social welfare. Youth unemployment is high, especially in rural areas.