What are some careers in automation
Job killer automation: 10 jobs and skills that won't die out
It is no secret that we are in the middle of the fourth industrial revolution. And just like the previous one, some people panic about losing their jobs. After all, in the age of artificial intelligence and robots, machine progress can no longer be stopped. A current research report by the World Economic Forum even states that a total of 75 million jobs will be automated by 2025. So aren't people's fears entirely unfounded? Or can we draw opportunities from rapid technological change?
A change in the relationship between man and machine is imminent
Today about 71 percent of all work worldwide is done by humans, the rest is already automated. But this relationship will soon change, as the research report suggests. Almost half of all jobs will be done automatically by 2022. There have been forecasts like this for a long time, but mostly they related to a change within 20 years. The current one is happening at an enormous speed, which is due to the rapid technological progress. Hardly a day goes by without new discoveries and inventions.
This rapid progress is also promoted by mobile high-speed internet, artificial intelligence, clouds and the ability to analyze huge amounts of data in seconds. Companies are already taking advantage of these technologies and their number will increase over the next four years.
Are humans simply being replaced by robots?
The likelihood that we will encounter human-looking androids everywhere in the near future is slim. Even if there are already attempts to create realistic humanoid robots, the technology is not yet mature. The trends for the next four years tend to be more in the direction of stationary machines, drones and non-human robots, as the following graphic illustrates once again:
Half of the companies examined in the research report are convinced that there will be job cuts based on the current job profiles of their employees. But at the same time, 25 percent said that they expect automation to open up new professional fields in their own company. The World Economic Forum shares this positive attitude. According to his forecasts, 75 million jobs will be lost, but 133 million new ones will also be created. The top ten of the dying and emerging professions were recorded in an overview:
Retraining and further education are becoming more important than ever before
Despite everything, it is a fact that some professions will be superfluous in the next few years. Self-service checkouts in supermarkets or automatic agents in hotlines already show where the way is going. It is all the more important to continue training and to adapt to the new conditions on the job market. However, the responsibility for this does not lie with the employees alone, but also with the company. If the technological change is to go hand in hand without the risk of massive layoffs, employers must offer retraining. This is the only way to keep employees. But it's not just about that. Many of the work processes will not only be carried out by robots alone, but there will also be close cooperation between man and machine. Employees must also be trained on this in order to ensure a productive working atmosphere. The most important skills in the next few years include:
- Analytical and innovative thinking
- Creativity and initiative
- Willingness to learn
- leadership qualities
- Emotional intelligence
- Stress tolerance and flexibility
That is good news for Germany. Because according to the World Economic Forum, German employees are already well prepared for the change. Many of them will not need retraining. And if they do, they won't take as much time as one might expect. The following graphic shows that 26 percent of the training courses will last a maximum of 3 months.
Face the future positively despite negative aspects
So what can we learn from the World Economic Forum's research report? Provided that the forecasts made are correct, we must prepare for the technological change in the labor market. Unfortunately, there are still too few companies willing to invest in retraining their employees. At the same time, however, employees are expected to develop their skills and adapt to the new circumstances. At this point, the management levels have to wake up and arm their employees. This is the only way to achieve positive change that does not lead to mass unemployment. Nevertheless, it will be the case that not everyone can - or wants to - be retrained. Especially in the dying professional groups, ideas will therefore be needed to support people, also from the political side.
Ultimately, however, it can be said that technological progress does not have to end in a nightmarish scenario. Robots won't take power and AI won't enslave us. Rather, we should see technology as a new colleague who has the potential to make our day-to-day work easier and completely redesign it - in a positive sense, if used correctly.
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