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Ahmed, Feroz (1992): The language question in Sind, in: Zaidi, S. Akbar (ed.) (1992): Regional Imbalances and the National Question in Pakistan, Lahore, pp. 139-155.

Ahmed, Feroz (1992): Pakistan’s problems of national integration: The case of Sind, in: Zaidi, S. Akbar (ed.) (1992): Regional Imbalances and the National Question in Pakistan, Lahore, pp. 156-179.

Aitken, E. H. (1907/1986): Gazetteer of the Province of Sind, Karachi.

Ali, Babar (1992): Political forces in Sind, in: Zaidi, S. Akbar (ed.) (1992): Regional Imbalances and the National Question in Pakistan, Lahore, pp. 180-192.

Burki, Shahid Javed (1992): Historical Dictionary of Pakistan, Lahore.

Choudhury, G. W. (1993): The last Days of United Pakistan, Karachi.

Davis, Kingsley (1951): The Population of India and Pakistan, Princeton.

Duncan, Emma (1989): Breaking the Curfew. A Political Journey Through Pakistan, London.

Frotscher, Ann (2005): Gang and civil war in Karachi, Baden-Baden.

Gayer, Laurent (2003): A divided city. "Ethnic" and "religious" conflicts in Karachi, Pakistan. PDF version.

Government of Pakistan, Ministry of the Interior (1955): Population of Pakistan 1951, Karachi.

Government of Pakistan, Federal Bureau of Statistics (1994): Statistical Pocket Book of Pakistan 1993, Karachi.

Hasan, Arif (1992): Seven Reports on Housing, Karachi.

Hodson, H. V. (1997): The Great Divide. Britain - India - Pakistan, Karachi.

Lari, Yasmeen / Lari Mihail S. (2001): The Dual City. Karachi during the Raj, Karachi.

Jaffrelot, Christophe (ed.) (2002): Pakistan. Nationalism without a Nation ?, New Delhi.

Jalal, Ayesha (1999): The State of Martial Rule. The origins of Pakistan’s political economy of defense, Lahore.

Jalal, Ayesha (1999): The Sole Spokesman. Jinnah, the Muslim League and the Demand for Pakistan, Lahore.

Jones, Owen Bennett (2002): Pakistan. Eye of the Storm, New Haven.
Linden, Jan van der / Selier, Frits (ed.) (1991): Karachi. Migrants, Housing and Housing Policy, Lahore.

Linden, Jan van der (1991): Squatting by Organized Invasion in Karachi, in: Linden, Jan van der / Selier, Frits (ed.) (1991): Karachi. Migrants, Housing and Housing Policy, Lahore, pp. 90-111.

Linden, Jan van der (1991): Dalalabad: An Inquiry into Illegal Subdivisioning in Karachi, in: Linden, Jan van der / Selier, Frits (ed.) (1991): Karachi. Migrants, Housing and Housing Policy, Lahore, pp. 385-419.

Nasr, Seyyed Vali Reza (1994): The Vanguard of the Islamic Revolution. The Jama’at-I Islami of Pakistan, London.

Nasr, Seyyed Vali Reza (2002): Islam, the State and the Rise of Sectarian Militancy in Pakistan, in: Jaffrelot, Christophe (ed.) (2002): Pakistan. Nationalism without a Nation ?, New Delhi, pp. 85-114.

Nientied, Peter (1991): Usmania Mahajir Colony in 1973 and 1983, in: Linden, Jan van der / Selier, Frits (ed.) (1991): Karachi. Migrants, Housing and Housing Policy, Lahore, pp. 112-159.

Nientied, Peter (1991): The Third Baldia Upgrading Evalution Survey, in: Linden, Jan van der / Selier, Frits (ed.) (1991): Karachi. Migrants, Housing and Housing Policy, Lahore, pp. 228-297.

Renan, Ernest (1882/1991): Qu’est-ce qu’une Nation ?, Paris.

Rösel, Jakob (1997): From Ethnic Antagonism to Ethnic Civil War. Antagonism, memory and violence in ethnic conflicts, in: Trutz von Trotha (Ed.) (1997), Sociology of Violence, Opladen.

Samad, Yunus (2002): In and Out of Power but not Down and Out: Mohajir Identity Politics, in: Jaffrelot, Christophe (ed.) (2002): Pakistan. Nationalism without a Nation ?, New Delhi, pp. 63-84.

Schied, Michael (2001): The Muttahida Qaumi Movement and the Pakistani State, in: International Asia Forum 32: 1-2, pp. 27-45.

Selier, Frits (1991): Family and Rural-Urban Migration in Pakistan, in: Linden, Jan van der / Selier, Frits (ed.) (1991): Karachi. Migrants, Housing and Housing Policy, Lahore, pp. 1-62.

Talbot, Ian (2002): The Punjabization of Pakistan: Myth or Reality ?, in: Jaffrelot, Christophe (ed.) (2002): Pakistan. Nationalism without a Nation ?, New Delhi, pp. 51-62.

Talbot, Ian (2002): Does the Army Shape Pakistan’s Foreign Policy ?, in: Jaffrelot, Christophe (ed.) (2002): Pakistan. Nationalism without a Nation ?, New Delhi, pp. 311-335.

Talbot, Ian (1999): Pakistan. A Modern History, Lahore.
Wahab, Eric (1991): The Tenants of Baldia, in: Linden, Jan van der / Selier, Frits (ed.) (1991): Karachi. Migrants, Housing and Housing Policy, Lahore, pp. 298-328.

Wilke, Boris: Karachi's orders of violence, in: Leviathan. Zeitschrift für Sozialwissenschaft, Vol. 28, Issue 2 (June 2000, pp. 235-253). The essay at Suedasien.info.

Wolpert, Stanley (1993): Zulfi Bhutto. His Life and Times, New York.
Yousaf, Mohammad / Adkin, Mark (1992): The Bear Trap. Afghanistan’s Untold Story, Lahore.

Zahab, Mariam Abou (2002): The Regional Dimension of Sectarian Conflicts in Pakistan, in: Jaffrelot, Christophe (ed.) (2002): Pakistan. Nationalism without a Nation ?, New Delhi, pp. 115-128.

Zaidi, S. Akbar (ed.) (1992): Regional Imbalances and the National Question in Pakistan, Lahore.

Zaidi, S. Akbar (1992): The economic bases of the national question, in:

Zaidi, S. Akbar (ed.) (1992): Regional Imbalances and the National Question in Pakistan, Lahore, pp. 90-138.

Zaidi, S. Akbar (1992): Sindhi vs. Muhajir: Contradiction, conflict, compromise, in: Zaidi, S. Akbar (ed.) (1992): Regional Imbalances and the National Question in Pakistan, Lahore, p. 334- 358