What is a holiday 1
Public holidays 2021 Germany & public holidays 2022: Next public holiday end of May 2021
Holidays 2021 and 2022 in Germany: The number varies depending on the federal state. In Bavaria there is more than in any other: there are 13. The city of Augsburg has even more with the Peace Festival and thus holds the nationwide record.
But how many and which public holidays do the individual federal states have? How do the holidays in 2021 fall? And when are the holidays? In this article we give an overview for all federal states from North Rhine-Westphalia via Baden-Württemberg to Berlin.
What employees certainly don't like to hear: In 2021, some holidays will fall on the weekend - including the two Christmas holidays. May 1st is on Saturday, German Unity Day on Sunday. In this article we also name all dates for the year 2022.
Nine public holidays apply throughout Germany: New Year, Good Friday, Easter, May 1st, Ascension Day, Pentecost, Day of German Unity, Christmas Day and Christmas Day. There are also public holidays that only exist in individual federal states - including the Three Wise Men, Assumption Day, Reformation Day and All Saints' Day.
Here is a complete overview of the 2021 public holidays, before the dates for 2022 follow. First, we list nationwide dates of public holidays and other important days. You will then find the information for each federal state.
Holidays 2021 in Germany
- New Year: 01/01/2021 (Friday)
- Good Friday: April 2nd, 2021 (Friday)
- Easter - Easter Monday: April 5th, 2021 (Monday)
- May 1st - Labor Day: May 1st, 2021 (Saturday)
- Ascension Day: 13.05.2021 (Thursday)
- Pentecost - Whit Monday: May 24th, 2021 (Monday)
- Day of German Unity: October 3rd, 2021 (Sunday)
- Christmas Day: December 25th, 2021 (Saturday)
- Christmas Day: December 26th, 2021 (Sunday)
Other special dates in 2021
Holidays 2022 in Germany
- New Year: 01.01. (Saturday)
- Good Friday: April 15 (Friday)
- Easter - Easter Monday: April 17th (Monday)
- May 1st - Labor Day: May 1st (Sunday)
- Ascension Day: 26.05. (Thursday)
- Pentecost - Whit Monday: 06.06. (Monday)
- Day of German Unity: 03.10. (Monday)
- Christmas Day: December 25th (Sunday)
- Christmas Day: December 26th (Monday)
Public holidays in Germany 2021 and holidays: Dates for all federal states
Here you will find an overview of the public holidays in all federal states in Germany. For each federal state you can click on the respective blue link to see all the dates for public holidays and vacations.
Bavaria is the state with the most public holidays in Germany. In addition to the national holidays, people here also have the following dates off: Epiphany on January 6th, Corpus Christi, Assumption of Mary on August 15th, All Saints' Day on November 1st and in Augsburg also on the High Peace Festival on August 8th.
All dates are available here: Holidays and public holidays in Bavaria 2021.
How many public holidays are there in Baden-Württemberg? The answer: twelve. In addition to the nine national holidays, the Three Wise Men come on January 6th, Corpus Christi and All Saints Day on November 1st.
All dates are available here: Holidays and public holidays in Baden-Württemberg in 2021.
With International Women's Day, Berlin has a public holiday that only exists in this state. Otherwise, the people here still have days off that apply throughout Germany - i.e. on New Year's Day, Good Friday, Easter Monday, May 1st, Ascension Day, Pentecost, Day of German Unity and the Christmas holidays.
All dates are available here: Holidays and public holidays in Berlin 2021.
Easter Sunday and Pentecost Sunday are only public holidays in Brandenburg. Employees can therefore receive public holiday bonuses for these days. The people in the state also have time off on Reformation Day on October 31st.
All dates are available here: Holidays and public holidays in Brandenburg 2021.
Compared to other federal states, Bremen has relatively few public holidays. In addition to the nine nationwide, there is only one more: Reformation Day on October 31st.
All dates are available here: Holidays and public holidays in Bremen 2021.
In Hamburg it's the same as in Bremen: people have the nine public holidays that apply nationwide, and also on Reformation Day on October 31st.
All dates are available here: Holidays and public holidays in Hamburg 2021.
In Hesse, in contrast to many other federal states, Corpus Christi is also a public holiday. There are also nine national holidays.
All dates are available here: Holidays and public holidays in Hesse 2021.
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania is one of the federal states in Germany where people have time off on Reformation Day. This means that October 31 is a public holiday here.
All dates are available here: Holidays and public holidays in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania 2021.
In Lower Saxony there are a total of ten public holidays between the New Year and Boxing Day. The people here also have time off on Reformation Day on October 31st.
All dates are available here: Holidays and public holidays in Lower Saxony 2021.
North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW)
In North Rhine-Westphalia, Reformation Day is not a public holiday, but All Saints' Day is on November 1st. Corpus Christi is also one of the eleven public holidays in North Rhine-Westphalia.
All dates are available here: Holidays and public holidays in NRW 2021.
Eleven public holidays also apply in Rhineland-Palatinate. This includes Corpus Christi as well as All Saints' Day.
All dates are available here: Holidays and public holidays in Rhineland-Palatinate 2021.
There are twelve public holidays in Saarland - and therefore an above-average number. In addition to Corpus Christi and All Saints' Day, the Assumption of Mary on August 15th is also included.
All dates are available here: Holidays and public holidays in Saarland 2021.
The Day of Repentance and Prayer is also a public holiday in Saxony. In addition, the people in the state also have Reformation Day off.
All dates are available here: Holidays and public holidays in Saxony 2021.
In Saxony-Anhalt, people also have the "Holy Three Kings" off on January 6th and on Reformation Day. Together with the nationwide dates, there are eleven public holidays here.
All dates are available here: Holidays and public holidays in Saxony-Anhalt 2021.
There are ten public holidays in Schleswig-Holstein. This includes Reformation Day on October 31.
All dates are available here: Holidays and public holidays in Schleswig-Holstein 2021.
There are eleven public holidays in Thuringia. Only in this state do people have time off and school on World Children's Day. In addition, Reformation Day is a public holiday here.
All dates are available here: Holidays and public holidays in Thuringia 2021.
Holidays 2021 in Germany: Longer free due to bridging days
The German constitution clearly states: "Sunday and the nationally recognized public holidays remain legally protected as days of rest from work and spiritual exhilaration." Which public holidays there are in Germany is usually determined by the federal states. Only the day of German unity on October 3rd was set by the federal government.
The German Trade Union Federation (DGB) advises employees that there is a general ban on employment on public holidays - even if there are exceptions for rescue services, fire brigades or restaurants. A public holiday must basically be paid like a normal working day. That is only not the case if the work has been canceled anyway because of a strike, for example. A public holiday may not be counted as a vacation.
Christmas Eve is not a public holiday - just like New Year's Eve. According to the DGB, employees must take one day of vacation if they want to have days off. In many companies, however, there are other special rules.
The public holidays 2021 and 2022 can be used even better if vacation is taken on bridging days - i.e. on days that lie between a public holiday and the weekend. An example is Easter 2021: If you take four days of vacation from March 29 to April 1, you have a total of ten days off.
National holidays: meaning explained
What is the significance of the nine public holidays in Germany, which apply in all federal states? Here we explain.
Every year begins directly with a public holiday. On January 1st - the day after New Year's Eve - there is no work and no school. Incidentally, the beginning of the year was celebrated on different dates over the centuries, although there were also differences between the countries. In 1691, Pope Innocent XII set January 1st as the New Year. You can find out more here: New Year 2022: Why do you celebrate the New Year?
The second national public holiday in Germany is Good Friday every year. The date fluctuates, but is always between March 20th and April 23rd. This Christian holiday commemorates the suffering and death of Jesus. The term "Kar" goes back to the Old High German "Kara" or "Chara" and means mourning. Read more here: Good Friday 2021: meaning and date.
As early as 325 the Council of Nicaea decided that Easter should be celebrated on the Sunday after the first full moon in spring. The number of days in Easter has changed over the centuries. Easter Monday, which is a public holiday in all of Germany, has kept. More details can be found here: When is Easter 2021? Dates for Easter holidays, Easter Sunday, Easter Monday.
Labor Day on May 1st
Many of the holidays in Germany have a Christian origin. May Day, on the other hand, dates back to a general strike in the United States in 1886. A few years later, people in Europe also began to celebrate Labor Day on May 1st. There are still major May rallies today. Most people tend to use the day for the opposite of work and enjoy their free time on trips, for example. You can read detailed background information on Labor Day here: Labor Day: Why is May 1st a public holiday?
Ascension of Christ
Ascension Day is also a public holiday in all federal states. The appointment is always the Thursday 39 days after Easter Sunday or the 40th day of Easter. On this day, Christians celebrate the return of Jesus to his Heavenly Father. But this is not only a special day for religious people: The same day is always Father's Day. You can find out more about Ascension Day here: Is Ascension Day 2021 a public holiday? Date and meaning.
Whit Sunday and Whit Monday take place 49 and 50 days after Easter respectively. The name "Pentecost" translated from Greek means "the 50th day". Christians celebrate that the Holy Spirit appeared to the disciples of Jesus. You can read more here: When is Pentecost 2021? The date and meaning of Whit Sunday and Whit Monday.
Day of German unity
German Unity Day is celebrated in Germany on October 3rd. The holiday dates back to October 3, 1990 and of course commemorates the reunification. You can find out more about the background to this day here: German Unity Day 2021: Why is October 3rd a public holiday?
1st Christmas Day
The birth of Jesus Christ is celebrated on December 25th. The date for Christmas Day probably goes back to pagan festivals from ancient Rome, which have been reinterpreted over time and increasingly replaced by Christian customs. You can find out more here: Why are we celebrating Christmas Day 2021? Meaning and day of the week.
2nd Christmas Day
Why is there actually a 2nd Christmas holiday on December 26th after Christmas Day? That day is about the incarnation of God. With Christmas Day on December 26th, Stephen's Day has moved somewhat into the background. Read more here: Why are we celebrating Christmas Day 2021? Meaning and day of the week.
We want to know what you think: The Augsburger Allgemeine therefore works with the opinion research institute Civey. Read here what the representative surveys are all about and why you should register.
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