Can I get Jain food in Bhutan

Jainism in India - round trips to Jain temples

There are many religions in India, but no state religion. India is therefore a secular country. There are 7 main religions in India Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, Sikhism, Islam, Parsism and Christianity. Three of these religions come from abroad: Islam, Parsism and Christianity.

According to the Vedas, there were many rituals in Hinduism because Hinduism was ruled by Brahmins. But many scholars were not satisfied with Hinduism and were looking for a new religion, a new social order and a new way of life. This is how Buddhism arose, which was founded by Gautam Buddha, Jainism, which was founded by Rishabdev, and Sikhism, whose founder was Guru Nanak.

Many people believe that Mahavira was the founder of Jainism, but that is wrong. There are 24 tirthankaras in Jainism. Rishabdev was the first tirthankara (prophet) and Mahavir was the 24th tirthankara. Jainism has a lot in common with Buddhism. Both were made around the same time - in the 6th century BC. BC - Founded in response to dissatisfaction with Hinduism. Mahavir was married and had children. When he was 30 years old, he left his family and went to the forest. He prayed and lived an ascetic life for 12 years. Eventually he found salvation and recognized the three noble principles:
Right belief
Right knowledge
Right behavior

Then he began to spread his teaching in India. In Jainism there are the 5 truths: Jiva, Ajiva, Karma, Papa, Puny Moksha.
For the Jains who believe in no god, karma is considered the cause of birth and rebirth. The concept of ahimsa is particularly important in Jainism. Ahimsa means peace and non-violence.

Life is sacred and one must not kill any living being - not even unconsciously. That's why the Jains don't eat meat. Many Jains have a cloth over their mouth and do not wear shoes. After Mahavir's death, Jainism split into 2 schools: Shwetambar and Digambar (the Shwetambar monks wear white cotton clothing and breathing protection and the Digambar followers do not wear clothes).

Today there are 5.5 million Jains in India. This religion is primarily native to northern and western India. There are their sacred mountains and sculptural temples. Ranakpur, Dilwara and Shree Mahaveerji are the beautiful Jain temples in Rajasthan. In Gujarat, Palitana and Junagadh are very famous. Because of the beautiful and rich architecture of the Jain temples, the Jain temples have become known worldwide.

Jainism (Jain religion in India)
The Jain religion was founded by Mahavir, who like Buddha was a Kshatriya prince and roughly his contemporary. Mahavir was born in 626 BC. BC in Kundalapura, near Vaishali in Bihar, a city that Buddha frequently visited.

The Jain doctrine is closely related to the Buddhist doctrine, because Mahavir also rejected the authority of the Brahmin priests and their rituals and believed that all people are equal. Both teachings emphasize non-violence and respect for all living things, and they have both created religious orders for monks and nuns. But the Jainists take nonviolence very seriously, and the Orthodox are often seen wearing a white cotton mask over their nose and mouth and sweeping the floor they walk on so that even the smallest insects are not harmed. The Jainists of course do not eat meat or root vegetables such as onions or garlic, as these are supposed to promote carnal desires.

Mahavir believed in a dualistic philosophy that the two everlasting elements are soul and matter. His beliefs are based on a rigorous ethical system that emphasizes the ascetic aspects of life: fasting, meditation, celibacy, or abstinence, especially in the second
Half of man's life. Because only through self-mortification can a person strip off the fetters of karma and achieve moksha (release from the cycle of reincarnations). Mahavir himself renounced the world at 32 and spent twelve years as an ascetic until nirvana went down. He became Kevalin (omniscient) and an arhat (perfect sage). Mahavir, which literally means `` the most victorious, '' is said to have been the last of the tirthankaras (patriarchs, angels, and sages) of the Jainists who have existed since the beginning of time.

The Tirthankaras are always shown completely undressed. The nudity here is a sign of renunciation of worldly things. The statues, which are often colossal in size, with plants growing on their legs, are characterized by an incredible calm, which is a sign of complete detachment from the world, which only angels among people are able to achieve.

Despite this emphasis on asceticism and renunciation, the more than one million Jainists are among the richest of the Indian population. Mahavir's philosophy found resonance primarily in the merchant and merchant communities, most of whom are from Gujarat and Rajasthan in the West Indies. But they are not concerned with consumption: their food and homes are simple, and they have few insignia of prosperity. But their temples of Ranakpur, Mount Abu and Sravanbelagola in Karnataka in the south are waiting with magnificent statues that exude a unique meditative atmosphere.

You can learn more about the Jain religion from your local guide!

Religions in India