Which is the best fish to eat

Fish guide: which fish can I still eat?

We don't have to do without fish, but it is worthwhile to use herring or carp more often

Five types of fish cover almost three quarters of fish consumption in Germany: salmon, Alaskan pollock, herring, tuna and trout. Those who want to enjoy in terms of species protection should avoid some. For example the Alaskan pollock, whose bone-poor meat is often processed into "gourmet fillets" and fish fingers, but also forms the basis for surimi (imitation crab meat).

Only a few fish are recommended

Of the five most popular fish, only herring from certain regions of the North Sea can still be eaten relatively safely. It is one of the species that both the Greenpeace fish guide and that of the WWF classify as suitable - together with carp. Trout or pangasius from sustainable freshwater aquaculture are also recommended.

The problem, however, is that there are no general criteria. That is why the buying guides from Greenpeace or WWF, for example, differ in many ratings. The golden rule, however, is: Those who pay attention to sustainable consumption eat what is deeper in the food chain. Herbivores such as carp are always better than large predators such as tuna or salmon.

Fish app for mobile phones

The fish guides from Greenpeace and WWF can be downloaded onto your mobile phone as a shopping aid. Using the apps at the freezer counter is easier because all the information is printed there on the packaging - in addition to the origin and fishing method, the numbers of the fishing areas and scientific names of the species. In general, it is advisable to treat fish as a delicacy and to eat it rarely.

Trout: go two ways

When it comes to trout, the diversity of species creates confusion, especially since both rainbow and sea trout are sometimes referred to as “salmon trout”. Only rainbow or brown trout from sustainable freshwater aquaculture should be on the plate, but not lake or sea trout. It is better to avoid imports from South America or Southern Europe, as the breeding there consumes a lot of fresh water.

Tuna: only bonito

Paying attention to "dolphin-friendly" is not enough with tuna. Although the fishing methods have largely been changed in order to reduce bycatch, it is now a matter of protecting the tuna itself. Many species are on the verge of collapse. Only the real bonito, also called skipjack, is still stable in its population.

Salmon: wild or farmed?

The decisive factor is whether it is Atlantic or Pacific salmon. The latter goes well as wild salmon from Canada or America, because wild catch is carried out sustainably there. Atlantic salmon is overexploited and comes better from aquaculture with the Naturland or ASC seal.

Links at a glance

Greenpeace fish guide

WWF fish guide