Can men give women a yeast infection

Candidiasis (yeast infection)

Definition: what is candidiasis?

The terms thrush and candidiasis (also candidiasis) are understood to mean yeast infections, in which primarily the pathogen Candida albicans is involved. It comes to one strong multiplication of the pathogen. If mucous membrane and skin mycoses occur, the term is used thrush; the term candidiasis is used for the remaining mycoses. Candidiasis can be fatal if organs are infected, especially if the yeast affects the brain, liver, lungs or kidneys. It is therefore important to take a close look at the symptoms.

Definition: what are yeasts?

Yeasts are one of the unicellular fungi and require 6 to 10μm large carbon Eukaryotes. The eukaryotes include all living things that have a cell nucleus. Yeasts are also the development stages of other fungi, whereby the most yeasts as well as some molds of a certain genus, den Ascomycota mushrooms, belong. The breakdown of organic substances serves the yeast as a source of energy, whereby they also build up the body's own substances again. This “nutritional behavior” of the yeast is bundled under the term heterotrophy.

Yeast mushrooms, which because of their predominant mode of reproduction - the sprouting and division - also the name Sprouts wear, have an oval, cylindrical or round-like cell structure. In addition to the asexual mode of reproduction There are also few yeasts that grow multiply meiotically. The means of reproduction are the so-called spores. The structure of the yeasts, which make humans ill, forms a stable cell wall made up of polysaccharides.

How is yeast transmitted?

That probably best known yeast Candida albicans is largely responsible for the diseases caused by yeast infections. If the person has a healthy immune system and a healthy intestinal flora, the likelihood that the yeast will spread and thus cause symptoms is much lower. All people have mushrooms, that is normal. However, lying unfavorable conditions like a weakened immune system, a disturbed intestinal flora or an over-acidic environment, the yeasts become an optimal breeding ground for them Multiplication commanded.

In addition, a unbalanced diet like the excessive consumption of sugar, as mushrooms feed on it, so to speak, and a longer one Taking antibiotics or other medication as well as chemotherapy favor the increase. Yeasts then spread particularly on mucous membranes such as the genital organs or the intestines, diseased tissue, nails or skin folds. The yeast fungus often spreads in diseases such as diabetes mellitus (diabetes), leukemia or AIDS.

Especially with leukemia and AIDS, fungal infections occur more frequently due to the severely weakened immune system. Also food, Hygiene products, using public toilets, physical contact, hospital visits or unprotected intercourse can lead to the transmission of yeasts. If a person is infected with a yeast or if the yeast has multiplied in the organism, it is called mycosis.

Yeast infections have many causes

A yeast infestation is a very common human infection, above all else on the mucous membranes occurs. The moist environment offers the yeast fungi the ideal breeding ground. There are various causes for the occurrence of yeast infections and various favorable factors come together. This includes

  • Weaknesses of the immune system,
  • a changed hormone balance and
  • various underlying diseases.

Fungal and bacterial infections of the oral cavity are very common in dying people. Careful oral care and moistening the mucous membranes can reduce the inflammation somewhat.

Also a high sugar consumption can promote yeast infections. If you consume too much sugar, you risk an increased susceptibility to yeast infections. That's not to say that consuming sugar or sweets automatically triggers yeast infection. But some people seem to be Disposition for fungal infections to have. If they also consume too much sugar, then they basically prepare the breeding ground for the yeast infection. So if you know that you are prone to yeast infections, you should reduce your sugar consumption to a reasonable level.

Symptoms of candidiasis

The symptoms of candidiasis often go unnoticed and once they appear it is not always easy to find the cause. The The symptoms are very diverse and depends on where the fungus is present. Fungal infections in the genital area can cause itching or a burning sensation, skin mycoses often cause a burning, itchy and often inflamed rash, whereby system mycoses can cause a variety of symptoms such as weakness, weakness, nausea, stomach / intestinal complaints, heartburn, dizziness and headaches due to the infestation of various organs .

Risk factors for developing yeast infections

Often affected by yeast infections are young, elderly and sick people. If certain external conditions exist, the risk of Candida multiplication is increased. Changes in the skin or mucous membranes, a weak immune system, or increased sweating can all contribute to a yeast infection. Illnesses, stress, chronic wounds and damp areas of the skin also offer the yeast optimal opportunities to multiply.

Where do yeast infections occur and what forms are there?

The yeast infection occurs predominantly at the Oral mucosa, in the Gastrointestinal area and in the female vagina on. Your partner can also get a yeast infection during sexual intercourse. In the case of severe disorders of the immune system, in diabetics and in cancer and HIV patients, a Super infection occur with yeast spores. In rare cases, the mycosis can also enter the blood and cause sepsis there. Possible yeast infections include thrush in infants and vaginal thrush in women.

Thrush in infants

Even the very youngest can develop yeast infections. This mainly happens from unclean baby bottleswith remnants of milk in them. The disease thrush can be recognized by whitish spots in the children's cheek pouches. The yeast migrates very quickly from the mouth through the esophagus to the stomach. There it continues to multiply rapidly and also infects the small and large intestines. The result is severe, watery diarrhea. But the child not only suffers from stomach ache and severe diarrhea, but also the whole oral cavity hurts. It usually refuses to eat and does not want to drink any more. The child becomes exhausted very quickly due to the lack of food and fluid intake. Due to the severe diarrhea, there is also a risk of dehydration.

No self-treatment of infants

The mother cannot treat thrush herself. This type of yeast infection comes about relatively often and is well known to every pediatrician and general practitioner. So that means that you are with the child immediately to the doctor have to go. Nor should one try to remove the whitish deposits in the child's mouth. First of all, you only spread the yeast infection to other places and, secondly, you cause the child pain with it. The pediatrician becomes one Antifungal agent and will prescribe an electrolyte solution for the child if necessary. In worse cases, a child needs to be hospitalized too, especially if there are already signs of dehydration. The doctor can see this on the baby's skin, but it may also have cramps.

Embarrassing hygiene is necessary

If the baby's thrush is detected in good time, there is little risk for the child and the yeast infection can be overcome within days with good hygiene and frequent diaper changes. If the mother waits too long, she risks the health and possibly even the life of her child. Therefore should Baby bottles are meticulously cleaned after each use become. The best solution is a sterilization device, in which the bottles are placed after thorough cleaning with the bottle brush and hot water. The bottles are sterilized in this apparatus so that a yeast infection can practically be ruled out.

Vaginal candidiasis

One is also very uncomfortable Yeast infection of the female vagina, which are also called Vaginal fungus referred to as. This disease is very common and has a variety of causes. Even before the first sexual intercourse, a girl can be susceptible to yeast infections due to the hormonal changes in the body. These are expressed by a whitish, burning discharge. In addition to burning, this discharge also causes unbearable itching. The anal area can also be affected, as can the outer vagina. The woman's partner can also be affected, but the yeast infections in men are much milder than the yeast infections in women. This is also logical, since the man is more likely to keep the skin areas dry than the woman is the inside of the vagina. Once the sensitive vaginal environment is disturbed, yeasts have an easy time there.

Different causes of vaginal yeast infection

On the one hand, Candida Albicans occurs as early as puberty, on the other hand, pregnant women in particular are very susceptible to this type of yeast infection. your Hormonal balance has changed in the course of pregnancy and with it the vaginal flora. Another cause of vaginal yeast infection is promiscuity. The frequent partner changes promotes infections of all kinds and thus also a yeast infection. Changing partners and unprotected intercourse but can cause far greater harm than a fungal infection. In times of HIV, everyone should be extremely responsible for their own health and that of others.

Mycoses as concomitant diseases

Serious diseases in women such as cervical cancer, vaginal cancer and ovarian cancer can also cause fungal infections as concomitant diseases. Diabetics live with a particularly high risk of contracting all kinds of skin diseases. However, liver and kidney diseases can also promote yeast infections. Mycoses are almost always present in the full range of AIDS.

Wrong clothing and excessive hygiene

Fungal infections are very common in women who wear synthetic underwear. These are impermeable to air and the fungal spores have an easy time of it. But not just wearing wrong underwear, but also the starting of wet swimwear can cause a yeast infection in no time. Another cause of candidiasis is excessive personal hygiene. The vagina flora is a complex interaction of various “good” bacteria. There are also always a few fungal spores in the vagina. Is now this natural flora through Vaginal douches or removed by washing too often, infections inevitably occur.

Some women suffer from relapses

There are women who are very prone to vaginal candidiasis. In fact, all you need to do is commit one of the mistakes listed above to get a yeast infection promptly. Despite countless, thorough treatments by the gynecologist with antimycotics and subsequent build-up of the vaginal flora with lactic acid bacteria, they keep falling ill. The doctor advises these women not only to boil-proof underwear, normal hygiene and low sugar consumption. He will also advise the patient to stop smoking and drinking alcohol if necessary. A very regular way of life is needed so that these women are permanently spared from mycoses.

Fungal infections are problematic in the seriously ill

When a yeast infection occurs as part of an incurable or fatal disease, it is very difficult to get a grip on them. Diabetic are particularly at risk of fungal infections and need proper personal hygiene even more than anyone else.

At Cancer patients fungal infections very often occur after chemotherapy, the treatment of which requires a lot of patience. If the immune system of sick people is very weak, a fungal infection can also very quickly enter the blood and cause sepsis there. Fungal infections can also lead to death and that is not even that rare.

Treatment of yeast infections

Candidiasis are made directly on the skin Antifungal drugs treated. Stand for it Ointments, creams and tinctures to disposal. The infestation of the internal organs can also be treated, for which there are certain drugs from the field of antimycotics. In severe cases, the patient's sugar intake is almost completely withdrawn in order to deprive the fungal spores of food. Sick areas are to be kept dry. If the itching is severe, the patient must also be helped with medication and, if necessary, he will also be given sedatives.

Prevention of candidiasis

There are many ways to avoid yeast infections. In infants one pays attention to scrupulously clean baby bottles, teats and pacifiers. In addition, they are not allowed to suckle longer than necessary and unsupervised on bottles. Too much sugar and sweets are taboo for children and adults alike.

Good oral hygiene has also prevented many yeast infections. Vaginal infections with Candida Albicans can be avoided with heat-resistant cotton underwear. Vaginal douching is either completely omitted or only carried out on the order of the doctor. Excessive washing of the genital area should also be avoided. After swimming, wet swimwear should be removed immediately. You also have to shower off, as you can get infections of all kinds in swimming pools or bathing lakes.

Strengthen the immune system

If you have a strong immune system, yeast infections are much less likely to develop. Smoking, drinking a lot of alcohol, and consuming sugar and fast food damage the immune system. Who much to the fresh air goes and sleeps long enough, also avoids infection with mycoses. Changing sexual partners increases the risk for everyone of yeast infections and far worse diseases.

Go to the doctor on time

If you suspect a yeast infection, it is not only with small children that you go to the doctor immediately. You shouldn't wait yourself and thus drag the disease off. Anyone can get a yeast infection and it is no reason to be ashamed in front of the doctor or your partner. Because that too must be treated with fungal infections in the genital area. You don't treat yeast infections yourself, but always let a doctor make the diagnosis first. If all of this is observed, the infection will certainly soon be healed.