What is the best religion for people

The 10 greatest religions and beliefs

1. Christianity (2.1 billion followers)

With an estimated 2.1 billion followers, Christianity is the largest religion in the world. It has its origins as a small offshoot of Judaism in the 1st century that was persecuted by the Roman Empire. Since then it has become the world religion dominating North and South America, Europe and South Africa.

2. Islam (1.5 billion followers)

According to a study by the Pew Research Center in the USA, Islam is the fastest growing religion in the world. While it stands behind Christianity with an estimated 1.5 billion followers today, the religions will be level with an estimated three billion members each in 2060. Islam has its roots in the 7th century on the Arabian Peninsula. It is particularly well represented in western Asia and North Africa.

3. Hinduism (900 million followers)

Hinduism is a amalgamation of various Indian traditions that began around 500 BC. The number of his followers is estimated at around 900 million. Hindus do not have a uniform belief. Different deities - for example Shiva or Vishnu - are worshiped depending on the region. Contrary to popular belief, the cow is not worshiped as sacred by all Hindus. But it is considered an important religious symbol.

4. Traditional Chinese religion (394 million followers)

The traditional Chinese religion is the umbrella term for local schools of faith and philosophy such as Daoism or Confucianism and can be found predominantly in China. What they have in common is the belief in various deities and the worship of natural forces and ancestors. Current estimates assume 394 million followers. Confucianism and Daoism, for example, date back to 500 to 400 BC.

5. Buddhism (376 million followers)

Buddhism appeared around the year 500 BC and is one of the five world religions. It has an estimated 376 million followers - mainly in Southeast Asia in the region in and around Thailand, Cambodia and Myanmar. Buddhists refer to the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama. They believe that life is painful and that after death they will be reborn until they reach nirvana as the highest level of consciousness.

6. Ethnic Religions (300 million followers)

The ethnic religions include the belief of indigenous peoples, which is not passed on through written, but oral tradition. Examples are the Aboriginal religions in Australia or the Maori in New Zealand. Worldwide, the number of adherents of such beliefs is estimated at 300 million. Most ethnic religions have a special relationship with nature - for example Mount Uluru - or Ayers Rock - in Australia.

7. Traditional African Religions (100 million followers)

The African religions are an umbrella term for various beliefs that have their origins on the African continent. Here, too, there are regional differences when it comes to deities, for example. Often spirits and ancestors as well as animals play a role as advisors or messengers of the gods. Worldwide, the number of followers of such religions is estimated at 100 million.

8. Sikhism (30 million followers)

Sikhism was founded in the 15th century by Guru Nanak Dev and today has an estimated 30 million followers, mostly based in India. What makes this monotheistic religion special is that religious rituals and the priesthood are rejected. According to the Adi Granth - the sacred scripture of the Sikhs - everyone has the opportunity to experience the divine for themselves without an intermediary.

9. Spiritism (15 million followers)

The youngest religion on the list is spiritism. It goes back to the sisters Leah, Margaretta and Catherine Fox, who claimed in 1848 to be able to communicate with the spirits of deceased people. The core of spiritualism is the belief that the spirit of a being persists after death and can be contacted. Worldwide the following is estimated at 15 million.

10. Judaism (14 million followers)

Although a relatively small religion, Judaism is one of the so-called world religions. The majority of the approximately 14 million followers now live in Israel and the USA. As a religion, it is mentioned for the first time in Hellenism, 336-30 BC. Religious texts, however, tell of Israelites as early as 1500 BC - the ancestors of the Jews.

 

Compiled by Tobias Lange; Source: www.adherents.com

Published in the science section