What are the principles of teaching

Teaching principles

From our point of view, the forms of teaching and the learning methods at a special school with a special focus on physical and motor development must take the following conditions into account:
· The classes consist of pupils with a wide variety of disabilities who can have a very individual impact on their learning opportunities and pace of learning (heterogeneity).
· For physically and multiply disabled pupils, independence and self-control - in addition to the current curricula and guidelines - are always also a subject of study.
· As an all-day school, the special school for physical and motor development is an important living space for our students. Community activities, parties and celebrations as well as class trips must be integrated into the school day. Cross-class learning groups, working groups, partner and group work in addition to the individualization of the lessons also offer the possibility of social interaction.
Due to the need for individualized lessons, we take the following principles into account for the planning, implementation and evaluation of lessons:

Principle of closeness to life

The learning content has a direct relation to the living environment of the students with regard to the present and future significance for the individual.

Principle of action and experience-based learning

Classes should be a mixture of action and problem solving.

Principle of individualization / differentiation

The lessons are based on the individual requirements of the learning group and include both the possibility of performance differentiation and the implementation of individual support plans in individual support.

Principle of intuition

Due to the limited environmental experience of many students, the lessons must be as clear as possible. This includes dealing with real objects from the students' environment as well as conducting courses in which the students can experience things and phenomena in reality.

Principle of self-activity and decreasing help

By acting learning and practicing important skills, a better insight into procedures and a consolidation of acquired skills are to be achieved. Under the motto "Help - as little as possible, but as much as necessary!" Both the independence and the self-confidence of the students are promoted.