What percentage of Australia is habitable


Wide country, sparsely populated

The sixth largest country on earth is 7,692,024 square kilometers, about 21.5 times the size of Germany. With its comparatively low population, the vast country is very sparsely populated. 40% of the population live in Sydney and Melbourne.

According to data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics, there were over 24.5 million people in Australia at the end of March 2017. Australia's population has grown rapidly over the past few decades. Between 1997 and 2017 alone by around five million. Australia plans a population increase of between 140,000 and 220,000 people per year for the next thirty years. The country also has a relatively high birth rate and increasing life expectancy.

Gold Coast - Tweed646.983
Sunshine Coast317.404
Wollongong 295.669
Source: (1), as of June 2016

State Population in thousands Area (km²)
New South Wales7.838 803.161
Victoria6.291 227.514
Queensland4.908 1.734.156
Western Australia2.576 2.532.428
South Australia1.721 985.334
Tasmania520 67.914
Australian Capital Territory409 2.349
Northern Teritory245 1.352.158
Source: (1), as of 03/2017

Total population in millions24,582,38,78,3
Population growth in% p.a.1,61,21.31,2
Life expectancy in years (male / female)78,7 / 83,5(1)76,6 / 82,179,1 / 84,077,1 / 84,3
Urban / rural gradient in%88 / 12
(1) Aboriginal people averaged about 19 years less than white Australians

Sources: (1) - Australia figures for 2017; (3) DE figures for 2016/17, (4), (5), (6)

In the 2016 census, 649,200 people (2.8%) said they were Aboriginal. They are listed in the census as "Indigenous Australians" (mainly Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders). While the Northern Territory of Australia has the highest percentage of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders (25.5 percent of the NT population), New South Wales is home to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders with more than 216,000 inhabitants. The census also found the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population to be younger than the total population of Australia, with a median age of 23 in 2016. Bicht Indigenous Australians averaged 38 in 2016.

Source: (2), as of 2016

29.6% of the Australian population said they did not belong to any religion in the 2016 census. 39 percent of young adults aged 18-34 said they did not belong to any religion. The influence of the official churches in Australia continues to decline. Christianity remains the most common religion (52 percent of the population). In 1966, 88 percent of the population still professed Christianity. Catholicism is the largest Christian group in Australia, accounting for almost a quarter (22.6 percent) of the Australian population. Islam (2.6 percent) and Buddhism (2.4 percent) were the next most frequently mentioned religions. Hinduism had the greatest growth between 2006 and 2016, driven by immigration from South Asia.

Source: (2), as of 2016

31% of households owned their houses completely. 30.9% of the population rent their homes. 11.5% of households are in financial stress and have to spend more than 30% of their monthly income on mortgage payments or rents (2011: 10.4%). The average weekly household rent is A $ 335.

Source: (2), as of 2016

In 2016, there were more than 300 separately identified languages ​​in Australia. More than a fifth (21 percent) of Australians spoke a language other than English at home. After English, the next most widely spoken languages ​​were Mandarin, Arabic, Cantonese, and Vietnamese. Tasmania had the highest rate of people speaking English only at home at 88 percent, while the Northern Territory had the lowest rate at 58 percent.

Source: (2), as of 2016

The number of the population increased from 1.2 million in 1850 to 24.5 million in 2017. When the federation was founded in 1901, 3.7 million inhabitants were counted.

In 1891, according to a census, 32 percent of the people living in Australia were not born there. This proportion then fell continuously - down to ten percent in 1947. In the 1970s and 1980s, the percentage of the "overseas-born population" rose again to around 20 percent. In 2008 the proportion of migrants reached 26 percent for the first time in more than a hundred years.

The 2016 census shows that two-thirds (67 percent) of the Australian population were born in Australia. Almost half of Australians (49 percent) were either foreign born (first generation Australian) or one or both parents were foreign born (second generation Australian). While England and New Zealand were still the most widespread birth countries after Australia, the proportion of people born in China and India has increased since 2011 (from 6.0 percent to 8.3 percent and 5.6 percent to 7.4 percent, respectively ). Of the 6,163,667 people born abroad, almost one in five (18 percent) had arrived since the beginning of 2012.

Source: (2), as of 2016

The 20 million mark was forecast for 2004, and by 2010 more than 22 million people were already living in Australia. The 25 million mark could be reached in 2018/19.

Without immigration, population growth would have declined since 1976. In Australia there is a constant discussion about how much population growth is sensible and desirable. Between 2005 and 2011, the largest population growth was recorded in the Perth region to Margaret River and on the Sunshine Coast.

Australian politics are pushing population growth. At the same time, a number of consequences have to be taken into account: The area under cultivation in agriculture is decreasing because the cities are expanding inland and mostly land is being built on that has so far been attractive arable land. One possible solution would be to build more upwards instead of in the area. By the way, Sydney would also generate around 70 tons of waste per day in 2050 if the growth occurs as expected. That is also a challenge.

(1) Australian Bureau of Statistics
(2) Australian Bureau of Statistics, June 2001 Census
(3) Federal Statistical Office Germany
(4) Federal and State Statistical Offices (Germany)
(5) Federal Statistical Office (Switzerland)
(6) Statistics Austria

We look forward to your suggestions for updates and enhancements to this page.
Our editorial team invests a lot of time in research to keep the contents of AUSTRALIEN-INFO.DE up-to-date, clear and correct. Nevertheless, it cannot be ruled out that the content of this page is not updated daily.

You can help us: Do you have any suggestions for updating or adding to the information on this page? Is there an important reference to other sources of information missing (Internet links, literature, etc.)? Please click here and send us your information. Many thanks in advance.