What did anthropology teach you
Would you like to take a closer look at the behavior, traditions and rituals of different cultures and are you also interested in human evolution? Then studying anthropology might be just right for you! You can find everything about requirements, content and career prospects as well as suitable universities here!
Anthropology is made up of the two Greek terms ánthrōpos (dt. Human) and logos (dt. Teaching) and means something like teaching about human beings. As a small, independent subject, it is part of the natural sciences and has many overlaps with the neighboring disciplines of human and evolutionary biology.
In short: In the anthropology course you will be taught to recognize and analyze differences and similarities in the human way of life and organization as well as in different cultures.
In addition to imparting subject-specific content, the main focus is on imparting scientifically sound competencies and research methods. After your studies you should be able to carry out a corresponding research project on the basis of anthropological methods yourself.
In the course of your studies, you can specialize in various areas of focus in anthropology. Here you can choose, for example, between human behavioral biology, human ecology or life history. The range of anthropology studies is currently very manageable. At the moment, only the University of Vienna offers bachelor's and master's degrees in anthropology.
An overview of the anthropology studies
You have to meet the following requirements for studying anthropology:
- General university maturity:
- Austrian school leaving certificate or vocational school leaving certificate or
- corresponding university entrance qualification examination certificate or
- equivalent foreign certificate (e.g. Abitur)
- Relevant subject-related preparatory study
- Possibly proof of language skills
To study anthropology, you should have the following qualities:
- Thirst for research
- Penchant for order and careful work
- Interest in social issues and contexts
In the course of studying cultural and social anthropology, students are taught a range of competencies and skills in a wide variety of courses. The most important ones are certainly intercultural problem-solving skills, sensitivity to other cultures and an ability to abstract from one's own cultural background. Furthermore, the students should be able to work independently scientifically and acquire a wide variety of "social skills" during their studies. This includes, for example, teamwork and communication skills. Of course, writing texts is also an essential part of the training.
In summary, it can be said that it is a subject-specific academic training and pre-vocational training in the cultural and social science environment. For this purpose, the students are introduced to a wide variety of central potential fields of application.
You can encounter the following course content in the anthropology course:
- Basics of social science methods
- Social science basics
- Migration - Integration - Asylum
- Museum and educational work
- Medical Anthropology - Body Awareness - Transculturality
- Politics - Globalization
- Law - Peace - Conflict
- Practical work in anthropology
- Human behavioral biology
- Human ecology
- Quantitative methods of anthropology and biometrics
- Central research fields
- Religion - worldview - ritual
- Art - Media - Narration
- Degree: Bachelor of Arts (BA)
- Duration: 6 semesters / 180 ECTS
- Type of study: full-time
- Degree: Master of Arts (MA)
- Duration: 4 semesters / 120 ECTS
- Type of study: full-time
Once you have completed your anthropology studies, many different professional fields are open to you. Depending on the specialization in your studies, different industries and activities may be possible for you.
With a master’s degree in anthropology, you can also pursue a doctorate and thus an academic career. You may be interested in the following professional fields:
- Development cooperation, refugee care and counseling
- Tourism and cultural mediation,
- Scientific work at universities, museums, collections and private research institutions
- Ground monument maintenance (excavation planning, processing and management)
- medical-pharmaceutical research
- Management functions and scientific services in public administration at national and international level
- Advisory activity in scientific areas
How much you earn as an anthropologist after your studies depends on various factors and cannot be reliably stated. The size, region and industry of the company as well as your academic degree, your age and any professional experience you may have have a significant impact on your salary.
According to the salary compass, the starting salary for anthropologists is roughly between 2,300 and 2,600 euros gross per month.
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