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Apprenticeship with a high school diploma: is it worth it?

Abitur, university studies, career - this is the traditional career of many young people, at least according to the idea of ​​conservatively oriented parents. However, reality has long since left this former ideal, which has always been dubious. More and more high school graduates are toying with an apprenticeship instead of studying and are seriously considering it. But is training with a high school diploma even worthwhile? And if so, when and for whom?

➠ Content: This is what awaits you

➠ Content: This is what awaits you

Education: High school graduates are (partially) very welcome

Something seems to attract high school graduates along the way. The 2019 vocational training report shows it clearly: in 2009, only one in five trainees had a high school diploma in their pockets, in 2017 it was more than 29 percent of all traineeswho had access to university studies.

This is not really surprising, as pupils with secondary school and secondary school qualifications have been complaining about their increasingly poor chances in certain industries for several years. A major reason for this are clearly those of many companies raised recruitment criteria for trainees.

In many industries and apprenticeships, a high school diploma is now almost mandatory, applicants with a secondary school diploma must have excellent grades and applicants with a secondary school diploma have almost no chance at all. This development, which is definitely worth discussing, mainly affects professions in the finance and banking sector and in the commercial sector. Here, companies place increased value on an excellent school leaving certificate.

In craft professions and Training occupations in the industrial sector the situation looks a little different. Here, the chances of high school graduates are comparatively worse. Applicants with secondary school and secondary school qualifications have better cards due to their greater practical relevance, even if this is perhaps only assumed.

The most popular apprenticeships for high school graduates

High school graduates are mainly drawn to the commercial professions. In many apprenticeships, the Abi certificate is even - unofficial - Requirement for employment. For secondary school and secondary school students or early school leavers, this means that they have little or no chance of finding an apprenticeship position.

For the high school graduates themselves, this means that, although the doors are open, they are also confronted with strong competition in terms of quality and numbers. The Abitur is still worthwhile for many trainees, because it has a decisive advantage: You can shorten your training time in many training areas.

Depending on the training contract and industry as well as the Abitur grades, the Abitur can change the training shorten up to 12 months! A minimum training time may not be undercut, but for the usual standard training times this means:

  • Standard training period of 3.5 years: only 2 years
  • Standard training period of 3 years: only 1.5 years
  • Standard training period of 2 years: only 1 year

However, there is no entitlement to shortened training and must be applied for.

The most popular branches of high school graduates

Under Craftsmen the Abitur is still a rarity. However, carpenters, roofers and mechatronics technicians also attended grammar school more and more frequently before starting their careers. In 2009, only 6.3 percent of the new ones owned Apprentices in the craft About the university entrance qualification, 2017 - according to the preliminary data report for the vocational training report - it was already 14.1 percent.

Quite different in the Civil Service. More than half of the new trainees already have the Abitur - 55.5 percent. Also in Industry and Commerce (35.5 percent) and in the Agriculture (23.4 percent) the proportion of high school graduates has increased significantly in recent years.

In the liberal professions the increase is slightly lower - from 2009 to 2017 the high school graduation share rose from 23.8 to 28.6 percent. The liberal professions include, for example, physiotherapists, midwives and podiatrists.

Just that Housekeeping is still the Abi-free zone. In 2009, 1.3 percent of the new home economics trainees had their Abitur in their pockets, but now at 3.4 percent it is not much more. All industries recorded significant increases, with the liberal professions alone showing a very weak increase of 0.1 percent.

These apprenticeships with a high school diploma are well paid

The most popular are not automatically the best-paid apprenticeships. According to BIBB, the following apprenticeships - especially in West Germany - have the thickest salaries.

But be careful: Please not that Trainee salary with the long-term salary prospects mix. After the end of the apprenticeship and a few years of professional experience, the remuneration can look completely different again - and the job occupies a much worse position in the salary ranking.

You earn best in these apprenticeships (in the last year of each apprenticeship):

  • Concrete and steel workers: up to 1,374 euros
  • Draftsman: up to 1,231 euros
  • Inland boatmen: up to 1,208 euros
  • Caregiver: up to 1,150 euros
  • System technician for sanitary, heating and air conditioning technology: up to 1,099 euros
  • Chemical laboratory technician: up to 1,095 euros

Training: You can only get it here with a high school diploma

As mentioned at the beginning, the high school diploma is one in many financial institutions and commercial professions unwritten law. As a formal requirement for employment, the Abi is rather rare.

However, there are training courses that, from the outset, can only be completed by those who do Show university entrance qualification can. For example this:

  1. police

    The police are the political remit of the federal states. The requirements are logical not uniform across Germany. The Lower Saxony police, for example, does not employ anyone who is older than 31 on the day of employment. For the Hamburg police, however, the upper limit is 34 years. And the people of Hamburg are also more generous when they finish school. To on Selection process for training Applicants do not need to have more than one to participate Secondary school leaving certificate with completed vocational training submit. In Lower Saxony, on the other hand, a high school diploma, a technical college entrance qualification or an "equally recognized educational qualification" is required.

  2. Federal Police

    The Federal Police have downgraded their employment requirements. For the two and a half year old Middle service training you need at least a secondary school diploma with completed training. A Career in high service is only open to high school graduates. Even more: In German and English, the certificate must have at least a grade of 4, in sport even a grade of 3. And for that higher service The Federal Police only recruits university graduates.

  3. inch

    At customs nothing works without the university entrance qualification. Abitur, Fachabi or an equivalent school leaving certificate Employment requirements. But that's not enough. Applicants who want to be trained in one of the main customs offices must also do this written selection process consist. Mathematical skills, language comprehension, analytical skills and general education are in demand. Who afterwards also that oral selection process masters, has a good chance.

  4. pilot

    Pilots have a reputation and a top salary without the need for academic merits. But the way to the cockpit is not easy. Without a high school diploma, everyone refuses Flight school the inlet. If you want to be trained as a pilot, you also need good knowledge of English and eagle eyes. This applies, for example, to the German airlines Lufthansa and Eurowings.

  5. Air traffic controller

    The training place is not given to air traffic controllers either. Similar to pilots, you need good eyesight, knowledge of English - and that High School. Those who survive the tough selection process can begin their training at Deutsche Flugsicherung - and move up to above-ground salary classes.

Training occupations: alternatives for high school graduates

It is clear where the competition is strongest, and not every trainee with a high school diploma can win. Supply and demand have not been congruent for many years and this is what the preliminary education report 2019 describes the complete matching of supply and demand as one of the central challenges of the training market.

That depends not only on the applicant's personal suitability, but also on the region. In this regard, north-east Germany and the Ruhr area have greater problems meeting their demand than Bavaria or the Münsterland, for example.

On the other hand, success depends on the industry: Classically, the food trade, the catering trade
and the cleaning industry staffing problems - the vacancies are significantly more numerous than the applications.

On the other hand, there are supply problems in the media and commercial sectors: you can hardly save yourself from applications. Means: Here it is Probability of rejection significantly higher for you. Traditionally, these offer a large number of free places Apprenticeships:

  • Restaurant professionals
  • butcher
  • Specialized salesman in the food trade
  • Specialists for system catering
  • plumber
  • baker
  • Concrete and reinforced concrete constructors
  • Scaffolders
  • Hotel clerks
  • Building cleaners
  • Skilled workers for furniture, kitchen and moving services
  • Stonecutters and stone sculptors
  • Cooks
  • Animal farmer
  • Glaziers

However, it must be said clearly: There is a reason why these industries find it difficult to find new talent. For some they are Training salaries comparatively low (e.g. for cooks, bakers), the physical work is hard. There are also changed working hours due to shift work.

In these areas, an apprenticeship with a high school diploma can still be worthwhile if, for example, you want to learn something "from scratch" and at a later point in time saddle up with a degree.

For whom is the training with a high school diploma worthwhile?

The question asked at the beginning can therefore be answered quite simply: Yes, one Training with a high school diploma is worthwhile for a specific group of high school graduates and applicants. Whether or not you belong depends on a number of factors. The most important:

  • Do you want or can go to the sooner right after graduating from high school self-determined organization of studies enter?
  • Have fun developing theoretical knowledge or you need practical relevanceto learn effectively?
  • Is the duration of the various courses that often is longer than the duration of the training, all right for you?
  • Your academic and personal strengths lie in areas that To meet your desired or target training?
  • Prefer one quick career entry compared to better earning opportunities in perspective?

The last question may sound provocative for one or the other, but is supported by both a study by the Institute for Employment Research and the OECD Education Report.

Both show that academics earn (significantly) more in the course of their careers than colleagues without a degree. However, this is not necessarily an argument against training after high school graduation. Because the numbers only apply to employees who pursue their entire career without a degree. But employees with a vocational qualification earn money much earlier than their academic colleagues and can do it Graduates later on, building on and / or catching up on-the-job.

An apprenticeship with a high school diploma is particularly suitable for you when you are after school Breathe in practice and want to apply your knowledge directly. For purely financial reasons, training can even be superior to dual studies.

The training allowances are in many areas at the level of dual students. However, as a rule there is clearly more training positions than dual study positions. Your chances of finding an apprenticeship as a high school graduate are therefore better, provided you prepare the search appropriately.

Applying for an apprenticeship: tips for high school graduates

When looking for an apprenticeship position, the above-mentioned apprenticeships in the finance and banking sector or in the public service or commercial sector are obvious for high school graduates, since a high school diploma is often required for the training. In these sectors you can apply for an apprenticeship position more or less normally. That means:

  • In your application letter, you make it clear what appeals to you about the training and what why the company for you as a training provider is attractive.
  • They list which ones practical experience or points of contact You already have training.
  • In your résumé, you list not only the academic stations but also all relevant internships and honorary positions on.
  • you research the company thoroughly before applying and adapt the application accordingly.

However, if you want to apply for an apprenticeship which traditionally tends to employ applicants with secondary or secondary school qualifications, for example in the skilled trades, the situation is a little different. In this case are Your practical experience and your affinity for training and the job is essential. To choose a somewhat striking example:

Do you really want one craft training in the metal sector, you should already have experience in working with metal beforehand. Even if this experience comes purely from the hobby area or from internships, it is important and should be featured prominently in your application. In addition, plays Your motivation for this particular training a crucial role. What drives you to choose exactly this path? Why is it your dream training? Which aspects do you find fascinating? If you can answer these questions, your chances are good.

If you apply for an apprenticeship with a high school diploma, some companies may perceive you as overqualified or misguided. One or the other HR manager or boss will not relieve you of your motivation for the training. Instead, the suspicion can quickly arise that you are only viewing the training as a stopgap because you have not found a place at the university.

You can only suspect this through the clear communication of your enthusiasm counteract for training. It does not depend on polished formulations or numerous technical terms. It is much more important that you write down openly and honestly what drives you and what fascinates you about the training. This not only increases your chances. You will then also know that the training suits you and that it is worthwhile for you.

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