How many subjects are there in the CSE?
Secondary level I.
In addition, there are areas that are taught as a specific subject or interdisciplinary (e.g. use of new information and communication technologies, education for sustainable development, health promotion, sex education, intercultural education, media education, ethics and religions).
The cantons are responsible for the curricula. You determine the number of lessons in lesson tables. The French-speaking cantons have already introduced the "Plan d’études romand (PER)". The “Curriculum 21” is available in the 21 German and multilingual cantons. The introduction of curriculum 21 is the responsibility of the cantons. The Piano di studio is in the introductory phase in the canton of Ticino.
Assessment of the students / completion of secondary level I
In most cantons, pupils receive certificates with grades twice a year. The grades range from 1 to 6 (6 = best grade; 4 = sufficient; below 4 = unsatisfactory). In addition to the certificate, there is usually an appraisal interview with the students and their parents. Learning, social and work behavior can also be part of the assessment. Written study reports are rarely used. A sufficient overall grade average and, as a rule, sufficient grades in the core subjects are required for promotion to the next class. If a certificate is insufficient, a provisional transfer is usually made. If the next certificate is again unsatisfactory, there will be no promotion to the next higher class. The pupil can repeat the last grade attended or continue in the next grade at a lower level. Special funding measures can be ordered.
In various cantons, compulsory or optional year-end exams, orientation and comparative work or class-related performance measurements are carried out in certain school years and subjects. These can be used to determine the position or performance of the pupil and allow the teachers to assess the success of the class in comparison to the learning success of other classes.
There is no nationwide school leaving examination for compulsory school and therefore no corresponding leaving certificate. Few cantons hold a final examination in the main subjects at the end of lower secondary level, either in individual or in all skill levels. In an effort to optimize the transition from secondary level I to upper secondary level, a final certificate for compulsory school was introduced in some cantons.
In some cantons, adults who have not completed lower secondary level can catch up on a cantonal lower secondary level.
Transition from secondary level I to secondary level II
The transition from secondary level I to upper secondary level is found to be difficult by various young people. In order to prepare young people as best as possible for the transition to upper secondary level, various cantons are redesigning the final years of lower secondary level and, together with other partners, have launched projects or taken measures to optimize the transition from compulsory school to upper secondary level (e.g. Case Management Vocational Training). For young people who do not go directly to basic vocational training or to a secondary school at upper secondary level after completing secondary level I, bridging offers are available as transitional solutions.
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