Which countries make up Central America

Central America - A land bridge with Latin charm

Seven countries, one story. The past of Central America testifies to the spirited character of its inhabitants. If you look beyond your own nose to the breathtaking nature and rich culture, you will quickly be enchanted by the beauty of the region.

Geography - The countries of Central America

The Central American area of ​​Central America forms the Land bridge between North and South America and is divided into the seven countries Belize, Guatemala and El Salvador, as well as Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama. The area is bounded by the Pacific Ocean to the southeast and the Caribbean Sea to the northwest. Geologically speaking, much of the region is on the Caribbean platethat it shares with the Greater and Lesser Antilles. The smaller area is on the North American plate. Almost all of Central America is covered by the American Cordilleras streaked. The geological and geographical special situation is particularly evident in the abundance of volcanic elevations. Lots of Volcanic crater are still active today and regularly cause impressive natural spectacles. The warm and humid one tropical climate is associated with regular rainy and dry seasons, which should be taken into account when planning your trip to the region.

Nature - America's green lung

Central America offers its guests a real Natural paradise. It is not without reason that whole parts of the countries are closed Nature reserves and numerous national parks have been declared. Almost 30 percent of the total land area of ​​Costa Rica is a protected area. The vegetation of Central America alternates between lush and overgrown ones Mangrove forests, tropical jungle landscapes, sandy coastal beaches and misty volcanic plains. Many rainforest areas had to clear space for banana, coffee and cocoa plantations, but awareness of the indigenous vegetation is growing. The many volcanoes that are still active today are accompanied by numerous other natural spectacles that can hardly be found anywhere else in the world. So do the spitting ones Geysers or the hot thermal springs that can be discovered all over the region. The local fauna is also a highlight of Central America. In addition to the large sea turtles, brightly colored Parrots and lively gangs of monkeys, the coati and the pelican are also typical animal species. In the dense rainforests, big wild cats also feel like that puma and the jaguar very much.

Culture - from the Mayan site to the banking metropolis

Historically, the space is Central America an independent cultural area. High cultures like the Maya were the first to create their empire in this region. The eventful history of the individual countries cast a shadow over the area for a long time, but now more and more travelers are recognizing the gigantic tourist potential. To date, some of the original Indian cultures the Kuna Indians from San Blas in Panama. However, much of the indigenous population has long since mixed with the European immigrants and the slaves of Africa of yore. Around 45 million people now live in Central America and look together at the treasures and places of worship that already exist Maya thousands of years ago. The largest city in the region is Guatemala City with over 3 million inhabitants. The capital of Panama stands out economically. In fact, Panama City is one of the most important Banking towns the world, over 140 international banks are based there.

Experience - surf spot, river rafting and jungle hike

Especially the Pacific coast offers a real Mecca for surfers from all over the world. Every year countless water sports fans flock to El Salvador and Nicaragua to catch the biggest waves. In the National parks of Costa Rica, the hearts of bird watchers beat faster and those interested in geology look into the deep crater canyons of the primeval volcanoes. Of course, active vacationers don't miss out either. River rafting, kayaking and diving courses are high on the agenda. Most snorkelers discover that Pearl Archipelago of Panama for itself. Many a valuable South Sea pearl has not yet been recovered. A special delicacy of Central America are the extensive ones Suspension bridge systems in the middle of the tropical rainforest. Visitors can even experience the beauty of nature from above and get an impression of the vastness of the rainforest.


In addition to the various national languages, Central America has above all Spanish enforced. Only in a few regions like Belize is the official language English. Most tourist areas can pay with the US dollar, but many regions have their own currency, including the Colón in Costa Rica or the Balboa in Panama. Transit travelers via the USA should note that the entry requirements of the USA apply to them.

Central America is the green lung of North America - a Natural paradise. Surfers, volcano fans and diving enthusiasts get their money's worth and also leave the leisurely Beach goers still plenty of room to dream and enjoy.