Why are schools in the US free
United States of America
Most children attend one from the age of 3 or 4 Nursery School, a kindergarten. The name Kindergarten actually used for it means the first year of elementary school in America.
At the age of 5, 6 or 7, the children start school and therefore attend the "kindergarten" for a year. This is not regulated uniformly in the states. Even after that, there are greater differences in school attendance depending on the state.
The primary school is called Grundschule. The five-year visit is common. Then the children switch to the nearest school in their school district, which is usually one Middle school ("Middle School", 6th to 8th grade).
The high school
Then follows the change to High schoolwhere you stay for four years. The 9th grade is also called Freshmanyear or a student is then a Freshman. In the 10th grade he becomes the Sophomore. The eleventh graders are then Juniors, the final class (= 12th grade) is that Senior Year. The grade levels are called Degree, so you visit, for example, the 5th gradewho have favourited 5th grade.
In the picture you can see that there are also other models, but they are less common. For example, there are also eight-year elementary schools or instead of a middle school, there is a junior high school.
Together in courses
By the way, the students study together for the entire time they are in school, so there is no division into grammar school, secondary school and secondary school or high school as we do. However, there are no more classes from the 6th grade onwards, but the students take courses. 85 percent of all students attend a public school.
Private schools and homeschooling (lessons at home)
In addition to public schools, there are also private schools. There is also the option of parents teaching their child at home. After all, 2 percent of children are homeschooled. Usually it is religious reasons that lead parents to want to teach their children at home. Sometimes the way to school is too far or the parents want to protect their child.
From room to room
Unlike ours, there is no classroom (except in elementary school), but the students change rooms - and the teacher stays in "his" room. So that you don't always have to carry all your books with you, every student has a locker. The students usually sit at individual desks where the chair is connected to the table.
All schools are all-day schools, including elementary schools. Classes start at the same time in the morning for everyone and end in the afternoon. In some schools, lessons begin with a joint oath of loyalty (Pledge of Allegiance).
The oath of allegiance
Standing and looking at the flag, the USA and its flag, everyone swears their allegiance by taking the oath and placing their right hand on their hearts. The text reads: "I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America, and to the republic for which it stands, one nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all." That means: "I swear allegiance to the flag of the United States of America and the republic for which it stands, a nation under God, indivisible, with freedom and justice for everyone." The oath of loyalty is also spoken before sports competitions. There is a lunch break during which everyone meets in the canteen.
School clothes and school year
By the way, there are no school uniforms. Most schools do have one, however dress code with certain rules. So you can't come without a belly or with a skirt that's too short.
The school year begins in late August or early September and ends in late May or early June. The summer vacation lasts ten to eleven weeks.
Notes and subjects
The notes are letters. A corresponds to our one, B is a two, C is a three and D is a four. F is a five and means failed. Plus and minus are also awarded.
In high school, in addition to subjects that you also know, such as math, biology, history or geography, there is also a wide range of courses, such as marketing, nutrition, film and the like. You choose four compulsory subjects and two more of these electives per semester.
There is a wide range of sports activities in the afternoon. The school often has its own teams that compete against other schools. The school's cheerleaders perform in American football and basketball. They cheer on their teams.
Some children are driven to school by their parents, others take the school bus. You can see the yellow school buses all over the United States. Hardly any child comes to school on foot or by bike.
The degree: graduation
Graduating from high school (Graduation) is celebrated big. Parents and relatives come to the school ceremony. Students wear robes and the academic hat (Cap and Gown). All receive their certificates and are then allowed to put the ribbon on their hat (the tassel) from the right to the left. This is the sign for "I passed and am now allowed to go to university!" Then they all throw their hats in the air together. Then there is a party at home or at a picnic area. Friends, relatives and other students drop by, eat and chat and look at photos of the student.
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