Is South Africa safe for Americans
Almost two decades after the peaceful transition from apartheid to democracy, the state and society in South Africa are still changing. The vision of the African National Congress (ANC) of “better living conditions for all people in the country” has so far only been fulfilled for a minority. As a new black middle class grows up, large parts of the population feel excluded from progress. Poverty and growing inequality could threaten social peace. Violence and crime are already having a negative impact on the country's economic and social development.
The country on the Cape is regarded as the economic and political locomotive for the African continent. It has a decisive influence on the political stability of Africa. South Africa's economy has grown continuously for years. In 2009 the global economic crisis put a stop to this growth. More than a million jobs have been lost since then and the trend continues. Most affected are people with little education and no training - almost half of the population. You have no chance on the formal job market. At the same time, the lack of a well-trained workforce is the limiting factor for the further development of the economy. Education and training are therefore right at the top of the political agenda.
While the demand for affordable and clean energy is increasing, South Africa still gets most of its electricity from domestic coal and is one of the 15 largest emitters of greenhouse gases. At the same time, the country is severely affected by climate change. However, South Africa has great potential for renewable energies and can save electricity in many places through more efficient use without jeopardizing economic growth. The South African government has therefore launched initiatives that are designed to secure long-term power supply, reduce carbon dioxide emissions and at the same time create “green” jobs.
The HIV and AIDS epidemic remains a problem, although the number of new cases is now increasing more slowly. Almost one in four adults is infected and around 5.7 million people live with the virus. According to official figures, around 14 million people have been tested since April 2010 and nearly 2 million are being treated with antiretroviral drugs. The number of newborns infected through their mothers has fallen dramatically. This clearly shows that attitudes to the epidemic, which until a few years ago were hushed up by society and negated by the government, has changed drastically.
The thematic priorities of South African-German development cooperation are:
- Governance and administration
- Energy and climate
- HIV and AIDS
GIZ also runs high-quality educational programs in which, in addition to training and further education, the focus is on promoting young people and preventing violence.
GIZ has been committed to political change in South Africa since 1992. It works on behalf of the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) and international organizations and institutions such as the European Union.
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