Should preschool be compulsory

Compulsory schooling - the obligation to attend school

In Germany, schooling is compulsory, according to which all children from a certain age must attend school. There is no exception to this, at most it is possible for them to be deferred for a year, but even then they have to attend an educational institution. Depending on the federal state, this is a pre-class, a school kindergarten or a preschool.

Germany is one of the few countries with compulsory schooling, it was introduced in 1871. In many other countries, for example in Austria or Denmark, there is compulsory education. It states that from a certain age children have to learn certain content, where this is done, but it is at the discretion of the parents. You can also teach your children at home. To make sure that these children really learn something, they have to take an examination before an external commission once a year and receive their certificate afterwards. If a child does not pass this test, then compulsory schooling begins and the children have to go to school.

Beginning of compulsory schooling

In the last few years there have been some changes regarding the start of compulsory schooling. Roughly one can say that it begins in the school year that follows a child's sixth birthday. There have been approaches for children to start school immediately on their sixth birthday, i.e. for children to start school in a different class, but that has probably not caught on. I also haven't heard of starting school for the second half of school for a long time. During my research, I only found deadline regulations that differ from state to state. The following currently applies:

Baden-Württemberg: All children who will be six years old by September 30 of each year, for the school year that starts in that year.

Bavaria: All children who will be six years old by September 30 of each year, for the school year that starts in that year.

Berlin: All children who will be six years old by September 30 of each year for the school year that starts in that year.

Brandenburg: All children who will be six years old by September 30 of each year, for the school year that starts in that year.

Bremen: All children who will be six years old by June 30 of each year, for the school year that starts in that year.

Hamburg: All children who turn six by July 1st of each year for the school year that starts in that year.

Hesse: All children who will be six years old by June 30 of each year for the school year that starts in that year.

Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania: All children who will be six years old by June 30 of each year, for the school year that starts in that year.

Lower Saxony: All children who will be six years old by September 30 of each year, for the school year that starts in that year.

North Rhine-Westphalia: All children who will be six years old by September 30 of each year for the school year that starts in that year.

Rhineland-Palatinate: All children who will be six years old by August 31 of each year for the school year that starts in that year.

Saarland: All children who will be six years old by June 30 of each year for the school year that starts in that year.

Saxony: All children who will be six years old by June 30 of each year, for the school year that starts in that year.

Saxony-Anhalt: All children who will be six years old by June 30 of each year for the school year that starts in that year.

Schleswig-Holstein: All children who will be six years old by June 30 of each year, for the school year that starts in that year.

Thuringia: All children who turn six by August 1st of each year for the school year that starts in that year.

End of compulsory schooling

The end of compulsory schooling also differs from federal state to federal state: in Berlin, Brandenburg and Bremen it comprises ten full-time years of school in a secondary school, in North Rhine-Westphalia nine full-time school years and at other secondary general education schools ten full-time school years and in the other federal states schooling is compulsory Completed after nine school years, sometimes compulsory schooling expires when an age limit is reached, for example in Brandburg with the 18th birthday of a student or in Bavaria with the achievement of the 21st year of life.

A distinction is made between compulsory full-time and part-time schooling. Students must spend at least nine full-time years of full-time education in general education schools in all Länder. Part-time compulsory education is implemented, for example, by the vocational school as part of an apprenticeship, but it will take some time before your child is ready. Until then, a lot can still happen

Experience reports and information

Compulsory education instead of compulsory schooling (Deutschlandfunk July 28, 2011)

Information on compulsory schooling on the website of the Conference of Ministers of Culture