What will Mexico be in 15 years

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The spread of COVID-19 continues to lead to restrictions in international air and travel traffic and impairment of public life.
Before unnecessary, tourist trips to Mexico will be currently warned.

Epidemiological situation

Mexico is particularly hard hit by COVID-19. The regional focus is the greater Mexico City area. Mexico is classified as an area with a particularly high risk of infection (high incidence area).

The national Ministry of Health and the World Health Organization (WHO) provide current and detailed figures.


The Mexican health authorities currently do not require a certificate of health or test results. Quarantine measures are not provided. However, fevers are increasingly being recorded and travelers may need to undergo an examination if they show symptoms. Travelers are required to fill out the “cuestionario de pasajero” (questionnaire to identify risk factors).

Restrictions are to be expected when entering by land. The northern border is not yet reopened for normal travel. At the southern border there may be disruptions and longer waiting times.

Through and onward travel

Entry from Mexico to Belize by land is currently not possible for foreigners who are not resident in Belize.

Travel connections

Mexico's international airports are still open. Central Mexican and international connections are now being re-established or flight frequencies increased after being reduced in the meantime. The routes Frankfurt / Main - Mexico City and Frankfurt / Main - Cancún - Mexico City will be served again, other flight connections via European metropolises will continue.

Restrictions in the country

The whole of Mexico is divided into a four-stage traffic light system. Regulations vary from state to state, and the discipline in implementing the rules varies, which means that there are still risks for travelers.

Mexican health facilities are heavily used by COVID-19, so restrictions must also be expected for adequate emergency treatment.

Some regions of Mexico (Yucatan Peninsula, Baja California Sur, Nayarit) have opened up to international tourism through targeted strict hygiene measures and corresponding quality seals (WTTC). However, it cannot be guaranteed in individual cases that the entire public area is safe. Archaeological sites and state museums are open. Depending on the traffic light system, restaurants / hotels are only allowed to accept a limited number of guests.

Hygiene rules

Distance rules and the obligation to wear mouth and nose protection continue to apply. These regulations vary from state to state.
As part of the traffic light system, which is checked weekly, measures are provided that recommend behavior and commercial activities that are adapted to the infection situation.

  • Make sure you comply with the AHA regulations and also follow the instructions from local authorities. Fines may be imposed in individual states for violations of the hygiene regulations.
  • Please refrain from using public transport including intercity buses and minibuses in large cities because of the high risk of infection.
  • Find out about the traffic light system introduced in Mexico and detailed measures and additional information from the Mexican government.
  • Find out more on the website of the German Embassy in Mexico City.
  • In the event of a stopover in a third country, find out about the entry and transit regulations there, e.g. using the travel and safety information for the country in question.
  • In the event of COVID-19 symptoms or contact with infected people, contact the health department in your state, e.g. via the national 911 or COVID-19 hotlines.
  • Stays in foreign countries can currently affect the possibility of entering other countries. Therefore, find out about the current regulations on entry, transit and quarantine in the respective travel countries via the travel and safety information before starting any trip.
  • When you return to Germany, note the valid entry restrictions such as registration, test and quarantine regulations, inquire about the current conditions of carriage at the responsible company or your tour operator, if necessary, and contact the health department at your place of residence or residence if you are entering from a risk area . Further information is available in our continuously updated info box on COVID-19 / Coronavirus.


We strongly advise against traveling to the following regions:

  • State of Colima, with the exception of Manzanillo, when arriving by ship or plane
  • State of Guerrero, with the exception of Ixtapa-Zihuatanejo when arriving by plane and the city of Taxco, provided that arrival and departure takes place in daylight
  • In the state of Michoacán, the areas west of the state capital Morelia
  • State  Sinaloa, with the exception of Mazatlán, there Zona Dorada and historical center, with direct arrival and departure by plane as well as Los Mochis / railway line of "El Chepe"
  • State of Tamaulipas
  • Border region with the USAfor stays in excess of the minimum required for entry and exit.

Travel to the states of Guanajato and Zacatecas is not recommended.

Particular caution is advised:

  • when traveling to the states of Jalisco, Veracruz and the eastern parts of the state of Michoacán and the state capital Morelia
  • when visiting the Tepito, Doctores, Lagunilla, Venustiano Carranza, Gustavo A. Madero and Iztapalapa districts of Mexico City.


Domestic situation

In many regions there are armed clashes of organized crime or with state security forces. The violence is particularly pronounced in the northern and western states along the Pacific coast, as well as in large cities. The number of violent crimes is also increasing in the communities of the Estado de México bordering Mexico City. More affluent neighborhoods in Mexican cities are more and more frequently affected by violent incidents, some of which are seriously impaired or injured by residents.

In clashes between rival organized crime gangs, opponents are brutally murdered, and no consideration is given to bystanders. In this respect, even public and frequented places do not always offer security.

Nationwide, demonstrators can block main traffic connections.

In connection with the migration of Central Americans to and through Mexico, disabilities must be expected, especially in the border area with Guatemala and the USA.

  • Only make unavoidably necessary trips to the regions and cities for which travel is strongly advised against, only with a viable safety concept.
  • In general, be particularly careful when driving overland.
  • Find out about the situation in the respective border regions and limit your stay there to the minimum required for entry and exit.
  • Find out more about local and social media too.
  • Avoid demonstrations and large gatherings of people in large areas.
  • Follow the instructions of local security guards.


The critical security situation in Mexico continues unabated.

Violent crimes are the order of the day. They are increasingly taking place in central locations and in broad daylight, but especially at night in the vicinity of discos, bars and restaurants. This can also harm bystanders. The most common crimes are thefts, robberies and express kidnappings. Police forces or uniformed security personnel or criminals who pretend to be such can in principle be involved in criminal offenses.

Violence against women has skyrocketed, including murders, sexual assaults and kidnapping attempts, including in tourist areas. Most crimes are not solved. Firearms are widespread and their use is often unrestrained. This also applies to car theft in stationary traffic, so-called car jacking, and to robberies on public buses. Experience has shown that even verbal replies are brutally answered here.

Travel and excursions to some regions of Mexico continue to harbor the risk of falling into the hands of organized crime or, in some cases, serious armed conflicts between cartels and gangs among themselves or with state security forces.

The risk of robbery is particularly high when driving overland at night and away from the toll highways as well as at idle rest stops and petrol stations. Under the pretext of a defect or with a request for breakdown assistance, travelers are moved to stop and then ambushed.

Traveling and visits in groups usually offer more security than visits without any accompaniment, as do hotel complexes that are protected from going out in city centers after dark. Narcotics (knockout drops) are often used to prepare for a robbery. Organized and guided tours usually take existing safety risks into account.

When hiking in nature reserves, e.g. climbing volcanoes, there is a risk of robbery.
There are not enough guarded campsites for mobile homes or caravans.

ATMs can be manipulated in order to copy data, and credit card fraud also occurs.

  • Please note the current hot spots and recommendations, especially for regions for which travel is strongly discouraged, regardless of the purpose of your trip and any local knowledge you may have.
  • If you are in an emergency, dial 911. We recommend that you download the 911 CDMX apps for Mexico City and / or the Guest Assist app (for the state of Quintana Roo).
  • Only make absolutely necessary trips to these areas with a viable safety concept for the trip and the stay.
  • Always follow the instructions of local security personnel.
  • In general, be particularly careful when driving overland.
  • Only drive overland in daylight, generally avoid driving at night.
  • Use toll highways (Cuota) wherever possible.
  • Limit stopovers to the bare minimum and only stop at busy rest areas and gas stations.
  • Under no circumstances should you object to robberies or car jacking, not even verbally.
  • Be particularly vigilant in large crowds such as at airports, train stations, in the subway, on the bus and watch out for your valuables. Preferably move in groups.
  • Keep money, ID cards, driver's license and other important documents safe, make copies or save them electronically.
  • Prefer cashless payments and only take the cash you need for the day and no unnecessary valuables or flashy jewelry.
  • Even in large seaside resorts, do not visit city centers alone after dark, but prefer entertainment in protected hotel complexes.
  • Avoid staying in deserted areas and neighborhoods, but also on lonely beaches.
  • Women should not be out alone, especially at night and in lonely areas, report (including attempted) sexual assaults immediately to the nearest office of the “Ministerio Público” (public prosecutor's office).
  • Only drive with closed windows and locked doors, only park vehicles in guarded parking spaces and do not leave any valuables behind.
  • It is imperative that you refrain from hitchhiking and hitchhiking.
  • In the case of excursions, find out about the destination area well in advance and travel in larger groups if possible.
  • Be careful at ATMs, use machines preferably during the day and within secured buildings (malls) and watch out for possible manipulation.
  • Don't let your credit card out of your sight when paying.
  • Be skeptical of unfamiliar e-mails, contacts and requests for help from alleged acquaintances, especially in the case of alleged kidnapping of relatives. Keep calm, do not share any data about yourself, but make sure yourself personally if necessary or contact the police.

Nature and climate

Tropical storms and floods

On the coasts there is a tropical climate, and higher elevations like in Mexico City, a high altitude climate.
Mexico has hurricane season from May to November. During this time, tropical storms and intense rainfall can be expected on all coasts in particular, which can trigger extensive floods and landslides.

In the rainy season from June to November, floods and landslides can occur and the transport infrastructure can be seriously affected. Roads can become impassable and bridges can be damaged.

Earthquakes and volcanoes

Mexico is located in a seismically very active zone, which is why there are regular earthquakes, some of which are severe. The older districts of Mexico City on the former lake bed, as well as the districts of Condesa and Roma, are particularly at risk.
The metropolitan area of ​​Mexico City and the particularly earthquake-prone states on the Pacific coast have so far only been partially affected.
The authorities evacuate primarily to safe zones in the high valley of Mexico City or to safe zones in the affected state.

The Popocatépetl volcano is increasingly active. There is a restricted zone of 12 km around the crater. The Colima volcano is also still active and closed to visitors.

  • In the event of natural disasters, you can expect short-term restrictions, including in air traffic.
  • Regularly track weather reports and be alert for storm warnings from the National Hurricane Center.
  • In the event of a storm warning, please note the information on hurricanes abroad.
  • Always observe prohibitions, signs and warnings as well as the instructions of the Mexican authorities. The Mexican civil defense provides up-to-date instructions on how to behave and warning levels for volcanoes.
  • Familiarize yourself with earthquake and volcano behavior guidelines. These are provided by the information sheets of the German Research Center for Geosciences and you can use the 911-CDMX app for Apple or Google in Mexico City, for example, with which you will receive a warning 60 seconds before a tremor.

Travel info

Infrastructure / traffic

Traffic routes may be impaired due to measures related to COVID-19 containment, see Current.

The air traffic network in Mexico is well developed. There are several national airlines that serve the entire country. There are also numerous regionally operating airlines.

There is also an extensive and inexpensive intercity bus network. Luxury and 1st class buses correspond to good European standards.

When driving overland in your own car or rental car, there may be disabilities, especially during the rainy season from May to November, due to poor road conditions.
During the holiday season in particular, the main roads and toll stations may be blocked by demonstrators. The onward journey is partly permitted for a road fee.

Vehicles parked in appropriately marked places in the no-parking area are towed away or locked with a parking claw and can only be released again after a large amount of money has been paid.

Especially in Mexico City there is a high volume of traffic with considerable traffic jams.

When taxis stopped on the street, there is a considerable risk of being kidnapped and / or robbed, especially after dark, but also during the day.

There is no nationwide compulsory insurance for car owners in Mexico. In many Mexican states, including the Yucatán and Mexico City, the driver of a car must also have liability insurance. In the event of violations, fines can be imposed and the car confiscated.

  • Avoid 2nd and 3rd class buses for safety reasons.
  • Only make cross-country trips during the day and stay on main routes.
  • Do not dispute the travel allowances or discuss their legality.
  • Also be particularly careful in urban areas because of the many poorly marked speed barriers (topes).
  • Only take official taxis from official taxi stands (Sitios) or order them e.g. via a taxi app or via Uber, Didi or Cabify.
  • Use tourist buses rather than public buses to drive to the archaeological site in Teotihuacán, in the northeast of Mexico City.
  • Do not undertake individual trips to remote areas without professional guidance, and if possible only with an official ID from SECTUR, the Mexican Ministry of Tourism.
  • When renting a car, make sure you have adequate insurance cover, especially liability.

Driver's license

The international driving license is recommended and is only valid in conjunction with the national German driving license.

Special instructions on behavior

Be careful when taking photos - except at tourist hotspots. The indigenous population in particular does not like to be photographed, not even if people are not photographed directly. If in doubt, ask for permission before taking pictures.


Legal specifics


The minimum prison term for drug possession in Mexico is ten years, regardless of the amount. The maximum sentence is 25 years.


The consumption of alcoholic beverages and urinating in public, for example on the street, is prohibited throughout Mexico and punishable by fines or imprisonment.

Political activities

Political activities are prohibited for foreigners.

Human rights activities by foreigners require a special permit, see also visa.

Violations of this lead to arrest and deportation. The initiation of criminal proceedings with pre-trial detention is not excluded in such cases. The same applies to political activities, such as B. Participation in political events and demonstrations.

Species protection

Even the removal of protected plants (especially cacti) from their natural environment is punishable by fines or imprisonment in Mexico; this also applies to the attempt to export them from Mexico. Plants offered for sale can also be protected.

to file charges

People who are victims of minor offenses (e.g. theft, loss of travel documents) have the opportunity in Mexico City to report them online to the Fiscalía General de Justicia. The report on the Internet does not replace the personal interview with the responsible public prosecutor's office ("Ministerio Público"), but it can, under certain circumstances, facilitate the procedure there because all the relevant information is already available.

The tourist police in Mexico City also act as intermediary via (0052) 55 5207 4155 (Spanish-English). Contact can also be made via Whatsapp (0052) 55 4891 1166.

In Mexico City and in other parts of the country there is also the option of going directly to public prosecutor's offices specializing in tourists. These are called Agencias del Ministerio Público especializadas en Atención al Turista and can be found in Mexico City at the following addresses, among others:

  • Calle Amberes 54, esquina Londres, Zona Rosa, Delegación Cuauhtémoc, tel. 55 53455384

There, reports can be made directly, there are employees with foreign language skills (not necessarily German).

Money / credit cards

The local currency is the peso ($) = 100 centavos (¢). It is possible to buy and sell US dollar and euro notes in exchange offices and larger hotels.

All major credit cards are widely accepted, but there may be connection problems in individual cases when booking electronically with foreign credit cards. At ATMs connected to the Maestro system, cash can be withdrawn using the relevant bank card.
Only ATMs should be used that are located within secure buildings such as banks, hotels or shopping centers. Even there, travelers should pay attention to people in the immediate vicinity who may spy on or follow them.
Money can be transferred from Germany at short notice via “Western Union”. Other bank transfers are not advisable due to the long transfer times.

Entry and customs

Entry and transit regulations may currently differ due to measures to contain COVID-19, see Current.

Entry and import regulations for German citizens can change at short notice without the Foreign Office being informed beforehand. You can only obtain legally binding information and / or information that goes beyond this information on the entry and customs regulations for importing goods directly from the representatives of your destination country.
You can find the customs regulations for Germany on the website of German customs and via the “Customs and Travel” app, or you can inquire about them by telephone.

Travel documents

Entry is possible for German citizens with the following documents:

  • Passport: Yes
  • Temporary passport: Yes
  • Identity card: No
  • Provisional identity card: No
  • Children's passport: Yes

Comments / minimum remaining validity:
Travel documents must be in good condition and be valid for at least six months at the time of entry.
Damaged travel documents (e.g. frayed outer cover, loose binding of the pages) can lead to a refusal of entry.

A German passport that was reported stolen to a passport authority but was later found should no longer be used, as the international property search cannot be reversed. This can lead to difficulties when you continue your journey.


German citizens do not need a visa to enter the country for tourist stays. Due to the Covid-19 pandemic, travelers are being more strictly controlled. The purpose of the trip must be conclusively explained when entering the country, e.g. by letter of invitation, hotel reservation, proof of financial means to cover the planned stay.

Tourist card FMM

When entering Mexico you will receive a tourist card (called "FMM") for a maximum of 180 days (exception: entry by land for a tourist stay of less than 7 days). The cost is 594 MXN (tariff 2021). This fee is already included in the cost of the flight ticket when arriving by plane (international flights). When entering by land, this is payable in cash in MXN against a receipt or at a bank branch. The card is stamped when crossing the border and the period of validity is entered. Pay attention to the period of validity in order to avoid later effort for renewal. A later extension of up to 180 days can be requested from the responsible authority in Mexico, the Instituto Nacional de Migración. However, there is no entitlement to this and the process is lengthy.

The remaining copy of the tourist card should be kept in a safe place; it must be presented when leaving Mexico. Identity checks to verify legal residence in Mexico are common, so you should always have a copy of your passport and tourist card plus proof of payment / or. Carry an airline ticket with you.
If lost, a new card must be purchased for a fee (see above) when leaving the country (e.g. at the airport). When entering by plane and leaving by land, it is advisable to present a copy of the flight ticket, which can be used to prove that the fees have been paid. If this is not presented, the fee may have to be paid again.

Tourists are not allowed to engage in any other activities. After entering the country, for example as a tourist, it is not possible to apply for a residence permit for another purpose of residence (e.g. gainful employment).

Visa before entry

If a longer stay or employment, voluntary service, humanitarian aid or human rights work in Mexico is intended, the Mexican embassy in Berlin or the Mexican consulate general in Frankfurt should be contacted with regard to visa requirements before starting the journey.

Working holidays “are not permitted in Mexico without a visa. In the case of an internship in a hotel or restaurant, even the acceptance of tips is interpreted as income / gainful employment and can lead to arrest and deportation without appropriate authorization.

More detailed information can be obtained from the Mexican diplomatic missions and the Instituto Nacional de Migración.

Voluntary services should be planned within the framework of established programs such as "culture wide" "weltwärts" or "IJFD".
We strongly advise against continuing your journey through Mexico without a valid tourist visa. There is a risk of being taken into custody for deportation and expeditiously expelled to Germany.

Entry and exit via the USA

When entering the United States by land, tourist cards may not be stamped. In this case this has to be done e.g. B. on presentation of the bus ticket, at the Instituto Nacional de Migracióndes Grenzortes, this is e.g. in Tijuana also possible in the INM office in the airport.

Identification required

In the case of identity checks, not only the ID is required, but also the Mexican residence permit (tourist card FMM, or long-term residence permit FM 2/3). Foreigners should have their Mexican residence permit with them at all times, at least as a copy (see above). Otherwise there is a risk of being taken into custody by the immigration authorities and possibly deported.


Minors who travel alone or only accompanied by a parent should have a permit from their parents and / or parts of them who are not traveling with them, as well as their parents' passport copies.

Minors traveling alone who are resident in Mexico and are not accompanied by a holder of parental authority require a notarized declaration of consent from the holder of parental authority in order to leave Mexico. This does not apply to minors residing in Mexico with tourist status

Individual airlines charge for departure