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Anyone who stores chemicals in Germany is obliged to do so safely. To do this, it is necessary to know the relevant regulations and rules. Existing aids can support the implementation of the legal requirements.

The handling of hazardous substances in Germany is regulated by the Ordinance on Hazardous Substances (GefStoffV) and the Ordinance on Industrial Safety and Health (BetrSichV). Both ordinances serve to protect employees when working with hazardous substances and contain, among other things. also requirements for storage.

They are legally binding and must be observed by every employer. In addition, regulations from other legal areas and other regulations are often relevant. This can e.g. B. be (selection):

  • Construction law (e.g. LBO, BauPG)
  • Water law (e.g. WHG, VwVwS, VAwS), LöRüRL
  • Immission control law (e.g. BImSchG, 4th BImSchV, 12th BImSchV)
  • Chemical legislation (e.g. ChemG, ChemVerbotsV)
  • Waste law (e.g. KrWG)
  • Technical rules (e.g. relevant TRGS, TRBS)
  • Accident Prevention Regulations (UVV)
  • Regulations of the damage insurer

The storage of hazardous substances is therefore subject to a more or less extensive and complex area of ​​law, which must be transferred and implemented in each case to the specific operational situation.

The Ordinance on Industrial Safety and Health contains requirements for systems that require monitoring. Storage systems with a total volume of more than 10,000 liters count in which flammable, highly flammable or extremely flammable liquids are stored or filled. The requirements of the ordinance are specified in the Technical Rules for Operational Safety (TRBS). Since the ordinance on flammable liquids (VbF) came into force on 01.01.2003, the requirements of the industrial safety ordinance must be observed for former VbF systems, which include stores for flammable liquids.

TRGS 510 "Storage of hazardous substances in portable containers" specifies the requirements of the Hazardous Substances Ordinance for its area of ​​application. TRGS 510 applies to the passive storage of hazardous substances in portable containers If other activities are carried out in the warehouse, such as transferring and removing, cleaning containers, sampling or maintenance and repair work, these must be assessed separately in the risk assessment and the necessary protective measures must be taken.

In addition to the information on risk assessment and the protective measures described, the rules for classifying the products to be stored according to their hazard characteristics into storage classes and - based on this - the rules for the separate or combined storage of products of different storage classes are a central component of the TRGS 510. The joint storage rules are rooted in the VCI storage concept, which has been integrated into TRGS 510 and replaced by it.

An employer who complies with TRGS 510 can assume that he meets the relevant requirements of the Hazardous Substances Ordinance. Deviations are permissible according to § 7 GefStoffV if the protection of the health and safety of the employees is guaranteed by other measures at least in a comparable manner. According to § 6 GefstoffV, they must be justified in the documentation of the risk assessment.

A new version of the TRGS 510 was published in May 2013 (GMBl No. 22 of May 15, 2013, pp. 446-475). The last change was published in November 2014 (GMBl No. 66-67 of November 19, 2014, p. 1346). As part of the new version, a number of significant changes were made. The help developed by VCI in cooperation with the trade association raw materials and chemical industry (BG RCI) and experts from other industries and associations is intended to support companies in applying the revised TRGS 510 and is available for download on this portal page.

In September 2014, another technical rule of the Committee for Hazardous Substances (AGS) for the storage of hazardous substances was published, TRGS 509 "Storage of liquid and solid hazardous substances in stationary containers and filling and emptying points for portable containers" (GMBl No. 66- 67 of November 19, 2014, pp. 1346-1400).