How do anthropologists study

Study anthropology

The study of anthropology is dedicated to Research into human evolution in biological and sociological-cultural terms. Among other things, this takes place against the background of the emergence and operation of human societies. The study of anthropology differs greatly from other studies in the humanities and natural sciences because it deals with human existence in its entirety. Anthropology as an academic subject poses questions related to the social, cultural and biological diversity at the center of their research. At the same time, this area of ​​study discusses topics and aspects that deal with social structures and factors such as power, identity, personality, justice and inequality in the past, present and future.

Anthropology is divided into four main directions: sociological-cultural anthropology, biological anthropology, historical-archaeological anthropology and linguistic anthropology. All four areas deal with the Analysis and evaluation of the long evolutionary process of the human.

In general, when studying anthropology, a distinction is made between the broad, interdisciplinary anthropology with a focus on the interlocking scientific and socio-cultural aspects and historical-cultural anthropology. The structure of the basic course and the main course is differentiated accordingly. Major subjects in these two fields of study are anthropology among others Biology and genetics, sociology, ethnology, Cognitive science and philosophy. These studies offer excellent conditions for specializations in one or more sub-areas of anthropology.

 

Requirements and standard period of study

In order to be able to apply to a German university or college to study anthropology, certain requirements are required. For the master’s degree program (M.Sc.) interdisciplinary anthropology with a scientific focus, as well as for the master’s degree (M.A.) interdisciplinary anthropology with a historical-sociological focus a successful bachelor's degree at a German university or an equivalent degree from a university is a basic requirement.

The standard period of study for studying anthropology is usually four semesters and in most cases it is linked to a master’s program. Depending on their choice, students of anthropology complete their studies with the academic title Master of Science (M.Sc.) or Master of Arts (M.A.).

In addition, candidates for anthropology studies require formal evidence that they have an sound knowledge in at least one or more basic subjects feature. These include, for example, philosophy and cognitive science, anthropology and archeology, ethnology, history, sociology, cultural studies, biology or genetics. Appropriate prior knowledge is a prerequisite for effectively participating in a master's degree in anthropology.

Studied anthropology in Germany

The Johannes Gutenberg University in Mainz offers an interdisciplinary study of the anthropology in the master’s course. The prerequisite is a bachelor's degree in biology or a degree in evolution, ecology, bioinformatics, molecular medicine, biomedicine, mathematics and population genetics. In addition, applicants must have extensive English language skills, as English-language specialist literature as well as English-language lectures and academic events are an integral part of the course. The standard period of study is four semesters.

At the University of Freiburg can you studyInterdisciplinary anthropology begin in the master. The prerequisite is a bachelor's degree from a German college or university or an equivalent degree from a foreign university. The undergraduate course includes an introduction to historical anthropology as well as an introduction to biological-anthropological research methods. In the main course, subjects such as cognitive science, ethnology, history, biological anthropology, sociology and philosophy are the main subjects of the course.

At the University of Jena becomes an interdisciplinary master’s degree Education, Culture and Anthropology With social, cultural and linguistic focus offered. A bachelor's degree or equivalent university degree and corresponding foreign language skills are required. Subjects such as German studies, theology, sociology, cultural studies and ancient studies form the interlocking study units in order to analyze the various aspects of social development processes.

The Johann Friedrich Blumbach Institute for Zoology and Anthropology at the Georg August University of Göttingen offers the elective subject anthropology as part of the bachelor's degree in biology. Here you can expect a comprehensive introduction to forensic anthropology, biological traces and investigation methods as well as population genetics. The knowledge acquired can be deepened in the advanced master's degree in biodiversity, ecology and evolution. For Bachelor graduates in anthropology, the selectable focus on biological traces is of particular interest.

In addition, the Philosophical Faculty offers a module package with a focus on linguistic anthropology and ancient American studies in suitable master’s courses. The prerequisite is a bachelor's degree in one of the subjects related to the field of study, such as ethnology, sociology, linguistics, cultural studies or ancient American studies. A good reading understanding of the English language is another requirement.

At theFree University of Berlin is it possible to study the Social and cultural anthropology to be completed as a core subject in the combined bachelor's degree. In the basic and postgraduate courses, modules such as the introduction to social and cultural anthropology and its methodology, social structure, cosmology, religion, ethnography, media and globalization are part of the central course of the course.

Career opportunities for graduates in anthropology

A good degree in anthropology opens up many professional opportunities. Depending on their specialization and academic title, graduates can choose a career in their specialty. For Bachelor graduates in social and cultural anthropology, there is the option of in scientific or cultural institutionsto work in administrations and social services, in publishing houses or libraries.

Master's graduates have expanded opportunities to effectively apply their sound knowledge and profound knowledge in scientific research and at teaching institutions, in the field of media or development aid in a leading position. Graduates from a master’s degree in the natural sciences of anthropology are also included in Teaching and research institutions, in environmental authorities and in companies can take advantage of good employment opportunities. There is also the possibility of opting for a research-oriented, academic career.


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