When did people start to bathe regularly?
Economy is at home here
Baden-Württemberg is one of the leading economic regions in Germany and Europe: with world-famous large companies and thousands of successful small and medium-sized companies, with innovative strength and inventive talent, with high productivity and a low unemployment rate.
The country's economic rise began with industrialization. The transition from an agricultural to an industrial society proceeded more slowly than in other German areas - in the first half of the 20th century, however, industrialization picked up speed and structural change accelerated. In the past sixty years since the country was founded, living conditions and the economic structure have developed rapidly and sustainably.
Industrial giants and strong medium-sized companies
We are an industry and export-intensive country with well-known global industrial giants such as Daimler, Bosch and IBM Germany. However, the economic structure is shaped by numerous medium-sized companies, which are often global market leaders in their respective product segments. The growth in the knowledge-intensive service sectors with close links to the manufacturing industry is of great importance for economic development in Baden-Württemberg.
In the country where the automobile was invented, around a quarter of industrial sales are now attributable to the automotive industry, with its many suppliers, closely followed by mechanical and plant engineering (around 20 percent) and the metal and electronics industry (around 7 percent each). . The chemical, pharmaceutical and optical industries also play important roles.
Strong economic power
According to the State Statistical Office of Baden-Württemberg, three administrative districts, Stuttgart, Karlsruhe and Tübingen, are among the regions in Europe with the highest economic strength. The Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat) calculates those regions whose GDP per inhabitant, taking into account the respective purchasing power, exceeds the EU average by at least 25 percent.
Land of inventors
The southwest is the number one innovation region in Europe. Nowhere in Europe are new products and processes being tinkered with as intensively as in the south-west of Germany. Here, 4.9 percent of the gross domestic product is invested in research and development. With this value, Baden-Württemberg is in first place with a clear lead in a European comparison of the 97 EU regions.
These investments are paying off: nowhere else are more patents registered than in Baden-Württemberg - in relation to the size of the population. In addition, the state has numerous top research facilities. These include the institutes of the Max Planck Society, the German Cancer Research Center in Heidelberg, the German Aerospace Center in Stuttgart, the Center for Solar Energy and Hydrogen Research in Baden-Württemberg and the institutes of the Fraunhofer Society.
Qualified minds - our best capital
The companies benefit from the excellent range of highly qualified specialists and managers, from a world-class research landscape and a modern infrastructure. Almost nowhere do young people succeed in entering professional life after completing their studies or vocational training as quickly as here in the south-west. We have a long tradition of performing people and companies.
All of this means that we in Baden-Württemberg not only have above-average growth rates and high labor productivity, but also have a persistently low unemployment rate. While the proportion of women and men between the ages of 15 and 65 who are gainfully employed in Baden-Württemberg is well above the EU average, the opposite applies to the number and rate of unemployed: Within Germany, Baden-Württemberg Württemberg and Bavaria constantly around the lowest unemployment rate, which is regularly well below the overall German and European average.
Made in Baden-Württemberg - in demand worldwide
Products made in Baden-Württemberg are in demand all over the world. The strong foreign trade links are evident from the export quota: this is around 50 percent - with leading industries such as vehicle and mechanical engineering ranked well above this. This makes us the leading export country among Germany's large-scale countries.
In particular, medium-sized companies with up to 250 employees form the backbone of the economy in Baden-Württemberg with 99 percent of all businesses. In this segment alone, the southwest is home to over 100 so-called hidden champions - medium-sized world market leaders who develop highly specialized technological products and thus serve the global market.
Green technologies show the future
The central growth areas of the Baden-Württemberg economy extend beyond traditional branches and sectors and offer good innovation potential. This includes four future fields in particular: Sustainable mobility, environmental technology and resource efficiency, health and care as well as embedded systems and IT services.
There is a close-knit network of research institutions and numerous clusters of research and production facilities - whether in the greater Stuttgart and Karlsruhe areas, in the regions along the Rhine, in the Heilbronn Unterland, in Upper Swabia or the Hohenlohe region.
With their focus on resource efficiency, environmentally friendly materials and sustainable production methods, the Baden-Württemberg companies are working flat out to take on a pioneering role in the leading industries of the future. Because in times of dwindling fossil fuels and natural resources and the resulting rising energy costs and raw material prices, the innovations, technologies and products developed and produced by our companies are in great demand.
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